"The differences in physical health outcomes for people with mental illness are currently considered as a human rights scandal," said Joseph Firth, a researcher at the University of Manchester and chairman of the Lancet Psychiatry Commission, who published the research.
His team analyzed nearly 100 studies and found that most people with mental illness do not die prematurely due to suicide – even though they account for about 17% of unnatural deaths – but due to "poor physical health" which is largely can be prevented.
People with mental illnesses are facing twice the risk of cardiometabolic diseases such as diabetes and stroke, researchers said. For example, in people with depression, the risk of heart disease, diabetes or obesity is about 40% higher than in the general population.
Mental illness can increase the risk of physical illness and physical illness increases the risk of mental illness, Firth said. "Obesity or diabetes increases your risk of developing a psychiatric condition and vice versa."
Sometimes it is because treatments for mental illness can trigger or exacerbate physical health problems. For example, the report found that many drugs used to treat mental disorders ̵
"As a result, patients who are important have reduced adhesion to treatment, which can lead to relapses and poor mental health effects, the report says. The drugs still make" better than harm ", but Firth added that doctors must monitor and managing any negative effects.
People with mental illness get poorer care
Almost all mental illnesses are also associated with certain lifestyle risk factors – behaviors that make diseases such as heart disease more likely – and "people with mental illness tend to have more unhealthy lifestyles compared to the general population, "the report noted.