British author VS Naipaul died in London at the age of 85, his family said in a statement.
Lady Naipaul confirmed that her husband had died peacefully. "He was a giant in all that he achieved and he was surrounded by those he loved to have lived a life full of wonderful creativity and endeavor," she said.
Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul, a Nobel Prize winner born in Trinidad, published more than 30 books for five decades, ranging from comic novels in Trinidad and Tobago to memoir and travel writing.
Vidiadhar Surajprasad was born in Chaguanas, Trinidad. When he was six, his family moved to the country's capital, Port of Spain.
It would later become the setting for its first novel, written in 1959 and titled Miguel Street.
In 1948 he won a state scholarship to study English at Oxford College where he suffered a nervous breakdown.
He married Patricia Hale, whom he met in Oxford in 1955. She died in 1996 and continued to marry Lady Nadira, who was about 20 years younger, shortly thereafter.
During his career he was outspoken, especially criticizing Tony Blair like the famous novel of EM Forster, A passage to India. He also fell famous with author Paul Theroux, as he had mentored, but the couple returned later and resolved their differences.
Among his other well-known works, they were on Islamic fundamentalism – the 1981 work Among the Believers and the 1998 book Beyond Belief.
When he awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2001, the Swedish Academy said he was honored "to have a united perceptive narrative and indestructible review in works that force us to see the presence of oppressed stories."