Home / Science / Update on India's Chandrayaan-2 moon mission | space

Update on India's Chandrayaan-2 moon mission | space



<! –

->

            

 Orbits around Earth and line to orbit around moon

Animation of Hohmann transfer – an elliptical orbit used to transfer a spacecraft between 2 circular orbits around the same body in the same plane. While this GIF shows the Hohmann transfer for NASA's InSight spacecraft, Chandrayaan-2 will be following a similar approach on August 1

4, 2019. From its orbit around the Earth, the spacecraft will enter an elliptical orbit that takes it closer to the moon. Once there, a series of braking mechanisms will slow it down for lunar capture. Image via Wikipedia.

With all five earth-bound maneuvers successfully completed as planned, India's Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft will be shifting trajectories tomorrow (August 14, 2019). The Lunar Transfer Injection (LTI), scheduled between 3:00 to 4:00 IST (21:30 UTC August 13) will slide the spacecraft into a highly elliptical orbit precisely aimed at the moon.

Chandrayaan-2 was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on July 22, 2019. The 8,488-pound (3850-kg) spacecraft was subjected to multiple orbit raising maneuvers that increased its altitude and decreased the influence of Earth's gravity on the spacecraft. The fifth and final maneuver was performed on August 6, 2019. According to an ISRO statement:

Fifth earth bound orbit raising maneuver for Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft has been performed successfully today (August 6, 2019) at 1504 hours (IST ) as planned, using the onboard propulsion system for a firing duration of 1041 seconds. The orbit achieved is 276 x 14.2975 km. All spacecraft parameters are normal.

The next maneuver is Trans Lunar Insertion (TLI), which is scheduled for August 14, 2019, between 0300 – 0400 hrs (IST).

On August 14, the spacecraft's propulsion systems will fire up once again at a specific point in its orbit around the Earth. This burn will be precisely timed so that the boost given to Chandrayaan-2 will target the spacecraft not to where the moon is at the time of the burn, but where it will be in the near future. This calculation has to be extremely accurate since too large a burn can fling the spacecraft past the moon's orbit, and a burn that does not last long enough will not reach the moon at all.

A successful LTI will take Chandrayaan-2 near the moon and allow it to enter the moon's orbit on August 20, 2019. And 48 days after launch, the spacecraft is expected to soft-land on the moon's south pole on September 7.

Here are a few of the first images captured by Chandrayaan-2's Vikram lander:

 Part of Earth with clouds, sea, and land mass.

Image via ISRO

 Part of Earth with clouds, sea, and land mass.

Image via ISRO

 Part of Earth with clouds, sea, and land mass.

Image via ISRO

Follow the Chandrayaan-2 mission on Facebook and Twitter

Bottom line: Chandrayaan-2 is still orbiting the Earth. On August 14, it will be directed towards a path to the moon.

Via ISRO

 Sharmila Kuthunur


Source link