Bethlehem – London – The UK's capital in London peaked the list of the top 50 smart city governments in the world for 2018 published by Eden Strategy Institute, a specialist in social innovation consultant. Singapore came second, South Korea third, while New York came fourth and Helsinki was fifth.
Dubai is the only Arab city ranked 40th in front of global cities such as the city of Paris (46th place). The company has rated 140 cities from around the world according to the classification of existing smart cities. Each city has scored a score of between 3 and 10 in 10 basic criteria to assess the city as smart. The criteria included visions and leadership that govern Smart City projects, project budgets and private financial incentives, such as grants and contests, network support programs, policy environment such as data management, innovative systems, focus on people, talent readiness, Government's role in smart cities [1
9659002] A report by Philips Lighting, a leading lighting company in collaboration with SmartCitiesWorld, concluded that wise leadership is the most important factor in making the biggest difference in the success of smart city programs. The report identified 150 influential people in the urban planning process around the world and highlighted the effects of enlightened leaders and their long-term plans that encourage interagent and cross-sectoral cooperation. Barcelona is among the most intelligent cities, where the city has provided about 47,000 jobs through the application of Internet system issues. It also managed to save € 42.5 million of water money and generate an additional € 36.5 million through smart parking. Obstacles to smart urban development One of ten representatives of local authorities reported on his inability to develop smart city programs. This is due to limited budget, lack of infrastructure, short-term planning and lack of leadership that can be implemented. The most common factors for the development of smart city programs are the limited budget and the need for more infrastructure. The report stressed that projects that achieve short-term benefits while providing long-term infrastructure can overcome such problems. It includes smart street lighting with LED on the street scene in Los Angeles, which will cost $ 9 million annually. The use of smart lighting technology not only reduces energy consumption but also helps reduce the rate of crime, support local businesses and create a more beautiful environment for urban residents. In addition to reducing environmental costs and benefits. Smart city programs have become inevitable, as cities consume energy in the world. The city population is estimated to reach 6.5 billion people worldwide by 2050, a figure that exceeds the current urban population of 2.5 billion people. In order for cities to meet the needs of the population as demand for housing and energy is increasing, local authorities must apply technology, data security and energy use. In addition to providing existing services with investment in development, to promote sustainability. The new technology can change the ways of managing and maintaining public services, from lighting and transport to communication and healthcare. Application of Internet technology issues The major can be played Internet technology products in the success of smart cities, three main areas have been classified, namely data collection (5%), revolutionary communications to provide accurate services (), urban pressure management the three major areas where the application of Internet technology is the report stressed that the application of new technology and smart city programs vary from one city to another. Singapore has been characterized by its future vision of infrastructure, including buildings and transport, while London was characterized by the focus and interest of communities when applied technology. (Numbers)