Because type 2 diabetes is linked to high levels of sugar in the blood, it may seem logical to assume that eating too much sugar is the cause of the disease. But it's not that simple. Leading nutritionist Lynn Grieger and Dr. Marilyn Glenville discuss the effects of sugar and how you can deviate from sugar bites while still enjoying the sweeter things in life. "The idea that sugar affects diabetics has been around for years, but the truth is that type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial disease with many different types of causes," explains Grieger.
"I don't think anyone has put their finger on what the real cause of diabetes is, or that we will find a single cause."
Diabetes.co.uk said on their website: "Having diabetes doesn't mean you have to cut out sugar completely. We all like to eat sugary foods sometimes, and there is no problem including them as a treatment in a healthy, balanced diet.
"But we eat too much sugar, just too a great deal and damages our health as a result. "
Doctor Marilyn Glenville said:" Excess sugar is very harmful, and even a slight increase in glucose levels in the bloodstream can be harmful to the brain, which can result in memory shortages and slow cognitive function.
"So, it's time to swap the sugary cherry drops for some naturally sweet dried fruit. Raisins and dates are good for fighting your sugar fix, and if you're into your cookies and tasty baking, add raisins or sultans to make a pie or crumble it a little sweeter.
"Spices like cinnamon and vanilla also add a lot of sweetness and flavor, so you can reduce the amount of other sweeteners in a recipe or remove it completely.
"Research has also found that reducing sugar consumption and supplementing with Omega-3 fatty acids improves working memory."
Studies have suggested that sugar massively affects the mood. According to a brain imaging study in healthy young people, the ability to treat feelings with elevated blood sugar is compromised.
Another study showed that people with type 2 diabetes reported increased feelings of sadness and anxiety during periods of elevated blood sugar. [1
" You may be shocked to find that so many foods contain sugar, not just the sweet and obvious ones. There is sugar in soups, tomato sauce, mayonnaise, salad dressing and even baked beans. Instead of relying on ready-made sauces, try making your own. This way you can control the amount of sugar or even chop out completely.
"Carrot and beetroot are naturally sweet vegetables; so instead of relying on salad dressings and side dishes like baked beans, use the sweet vegetables instead."
Elevated blood sugar damages blood vessels, and this can be a major cause of vascular complications like diabetes.
According to studies, frequent exposure to high glucose levels decreases mental capacity, as higher HbA1c levels have been associated with a greater degree of brain shrinkage.
Further research also shows that a diet with high sugar content reduces the production of brain-derived neurotropic factor, a brain chemical that is crucial for new memory formation and learning.
"It's time to ditch the sugar and burn with healthy alternatives. Use fruits and vegetables in dishes and don't be afraid to add lots together.  "When your taste buds get used to doing without it very powerful the taste of refined sugar, you will appreciate the natural sweetness of vegetables and fruits and even better, your health will thank you for it. "