The United States claims that Huawei, one of China's most important companies, poses a spy to Western technology infrastructure. The latest move against the company comes amid a worsening trade war between Beijing and Washington, after negotiations expected to break through fell apart, resulting in billions of dollars in additional fees from both sides.
Huawei question cuts the tension between security and financial interests in China and China's influence. While many countries around the world share Washington's suspicions – even hostility – against Beijing, they are reluctant to take the economic coincidence openly apart from China.
Britain in chaos
Nowhere will Trump's orders cause more chaos ̵
1; outside Huawei's headquarters in Shenzhen – than in the UK.
Earlier this month, British Prime Minister Theresa May fired his defense secretary Gavin Williamson after claiming he was the source of a news report that the United Kingdom was preparing to give Huawei access to parts of its 5G network.
Can accuse Williamson – who had previously expressed "very deep concerns" about Huawei – of leaking information from a meeting of the UK's National Security Council, a statement he "strictly" denied. The Council's discussions are normally strictly guarded and the publication of the discussions gave rise to an immediate furor in the UK.
The Huawei issue has revealed new tensions within the Corn Conservative Party, which has already been torn over Brexit and is about a new leader to take over when Prime Minster stands down in the wake of the United Kingdom eventually agreeing on leaving the European Union.
May and her allies are believed to be favored with limited participation by Huawei in British network infrastructure, but not a complete ban. This is based on advice from GCHQ, the British intelligence agency responsible for communications monitoring, which has recommended careful monitoring of Huawei.
Others in the party strongly advocate a complete ban on Washington's leadership. Last month
said Tom Tugenhadt, conservative chairman of Parliament's Foreign Affairs Committee, that he would allow Huawei to build parts of the country's 5G network "we will nail a dragon in Britain's critical national infrastructure".
He accused May – to ignore US and Australian councils against Huawei – to "jeopardize the 70-year intelligence distribution that has substantiated the security of the UK is worth it, for the Chinese commercial gain."
That sense of commercial gain is likely to be in sharp focus if the UK finally leaves the EU. Brexit supporters have made clear that they hope that better trade relations with China will help increase the UK economy in front of an inevitable dip after a split with Europe.
Tugenhadt's committee conducts a study on "China and the international rules-based system". In the panel's latest report, it said that members "see great reasons for concern about Huawei's commitment to the UK's 5G infrastructure."
Bob Seely, another conservative member of the committee, has argued that "Huawei – by definition – cannot be a trusted provider because it will form a party to a party and is required to work with Chinese security services."  He has said he hopes that Huawei will be a problem in the upcoming Tory management competition, and is one of several party members pushing May to reverse his position.
The Chinese company has strictly denied espionage claims, saying that accepting to spy for Beijing would correspond to committing financial suicide.
Speaking during a visit to London this week, Huawei chairman Liang Hua said the company was "willing to sign a spy agreement with the British government … No espionage, no backdoors."
] Another of Huawei's rotating chairman, Ken Hu, is also in Europe this week. On Thursday, Hu will attend the annual Viva Tech conference in Paris, along with French president Emmanuel Macron.
France is believed to be on the Huawei fence, but is less likely to issue a complete ban than Britain. Macron, however, has encouraged other European leaders to take a stronger stance on China, and he can try to use Trump's latest move towards Huawei as a way of running this agenda.
Admittedly, other European countries are more skeptical. The continent also plays host to two of Huawei's largest competitors in terms of 5G, Ericsson of Sweden and Nokia of Finland.
During a recent visit to Britain and Germany, US Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo warned that it was harder for Huawei to enter these countries' telecom infrastructure.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has so far refused to bow to US pressure to ban Huawei, but despite the opposition to his involvement growing up in some sectors of the German security state.
"Security, especially as regards the extension of the 5G network, but also elsewhere in the digital field, is a very important problem for the German government, so we define our standards for ourselves," Merkel said in March , according to Reuters.
She said the German government would discuss any concerns with European partners, "as well as the appropriate offices in the United States."
This print could see Merkel change her position, as she is seeking European agreement on this issue. In an interview with the Guardian this week, she said that China, Russia and the United States "force us to return to common positions. It is often difficult with our various interests, but we do this."  Trump's latest salvo against Huawei, and indications that more may follow if relations with Beijing are not improved, could lead to these discussions. But in a Europe that is already raging across Brexit and struggling to come up with a coherent strategy against China, it is not clear that unity is actually on the cards.