Home / Science / This Icy Crater near Mars & # 39; North Pole is a winter wonderland (Photos)

This Icy Crater near Mars & # 39; North Pole is a winter wonderland (Photos)



  This Icy Crater near Mars & # 39; North Pole is a winter wonderland (Photos)

This image from the European Space Agency's Mars Express satellite shows Korolev crater, located near Mars northern pole. The crater's coordinates are 1

65 degrees E, 73 degrees N on the martial surface.

Credit: ESA / DLR / FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

Pictures of a "constantly icy" martic crater reveal a distant yet fascinating winter wonderland.

What appears to be a bowl of fresh snow in this image released by the European Space Agency (ESA) on Thursday (December 20) is actually an ice source that cools the air that is moving over it, government officials said in a statement.

Ice is found in the deepest parts of this image, called Korolev Crater, and when the air moves over the ice it cools and lowers and produces cold air just above the cold deposit.

  This image from ESA's Mars Express shows Korolev crater, and consists of five observations, each from a different orbit in the spacecraft. It is the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) instrument that took the picture that formed the image.

This image from ESA's Mars Express shows Korolev crater and consists of five observations, each from another orbit in the spacecraft.

Credit: ESA / DLR / FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

ESA officials called this phenomenon a "cold trap" because they air act as a shield to keep the crater "permanently icy."

Korolev Crater is located 82 kilometers (51 miles) and is located just south of terrain that winds around Olympia Undae, Mars & # 39; northern polarlock. The crater floor can reach the depth of two kilometers below its rim deeper than the Earth's Grand Canyon.

<img class = "Pure-img lazy" big-src = "https://img.purch.com/h/1400/aHR0cDovL3d3dy5zcGFjZS5jb20vaW1hZ2VzL2kvMDAwLzA4MS84NTYvb3JpZ2luYWwvS29yb2xldl9jcmF0ZXJfaW5fY29udGV4dF9hcnRpY2xlX21vYi5qcGc/MTU0NTQ1NTY1OQ==" data-src = "https: //img.purch .com / w / 640 / aHR0cDovL3d3dy5zcGFjZS5jb20vaW1hZ2VzL2kvMDAwLzA4MS84NTYvaTAyL0tvcm9sZXZfY3JhdGVyX2luX2NvbnRleHRfYXJ0aWNsZV9tb2IuanBnPzE1NDU0NTU2NTk = "alt =" This image shows the landscape in and around Korolev crater, a function which is located 82 km over (51 miles) northern plains. the bold white box indicates the area Mars Express resolution stereo camera imaged over circuits 18042, 5726, 5692, 5654 and 1412. The height of the terrain is indicated by the blue colors indicated by the bar at the bottom. [19659008] This image shows the landscape in and around Korolev crater, a function 82 kilometers over (51 miles) as is on the northern lowlands of Mars The bold white box indicates the area that the Mars Express high definition stereo camera has fired over circuits 18042, 5726, 5692, 5654 and 1412. The height of the terrain is indicated by the blue colors indicated by the bar at the bottom. [19659009] Credit: NASA MGS MOLA Science Team

High resolution stereo camera on the Space Agency's Mars Express satellite captured five different "strips" of the crater, each coming from another orbit of the spacecraft. By combining them, a single image was created.

Mars Express has a connection with the Christmas mission, first hit its main engine to enter Marten's pioneering ground on December 25, 2003 after an approximately six-month journey from Earth. Mars Express is the agency's first spacecraft to explore another planet, but its high resolution stereoscopic camera and mineralogical mapping spectrometer originate from a previous mission called March 96, which failed shortly after its launch on November 16, 1996.

Follow Doris Elin Salazar on Twitter @salazar_elin . Follow us @Spacedotcom Facebook and Google+. Original article on Space.com.


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