COLUMBUS, Ohio (WCMH) – A new study published this week by the Center for Injury Research and Policy and the Central Ohio Poison Center at Nationwide Children's Hospital found a dramatic increase in calls to US poison control centers for cratome exposure, and highlighted the need to educate pregnant women on the dangers.
It comes in pills and powders, but regardless of form, the leaves of the tropical chromium tree can be used to do the same: treat pain, depression, anxiety and even help with opioid withdrawal.
"It's a natural plant that people watch and say oh it's natural it's safe but it's a very potent plant", Henry Player, MS, DABAT, co-author of the study and head of the Central Ohio Poison Center at Nationwide The children's hospital said.
The National Institute for Drug Addiction says that the leaves contain compounds that can cause effects similar to both opioids and stimulants by interacting with opioid receptors in the brain, resulting in sedation, pleasure and impaired pain, especially when taken in large doses. In small quantities, NIDA says that users report increased energy, sociability and alertness.
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But it is natural that Players say that people must be careful.
"People are not aware of the risks of this," Players say.
The study says that the annual number of calls to poison control centers increased drastically, from about 1
Side effects from the substance range from seizures to even death.
"There are a number of other things that people are not aware of this" Players said. Tachycardia, irritability, high blood pressure, discomfort, coma, kidney disease (kidney) and death associated with the use of kratom were the medical effects noted in the study.
"Cremation use has been associated with a series of serious medical results, from seizures and coma in adults to severe withdrawal syndrome in newborns," says Players.
The study also found that children were exposed, including at least seven newborns. For players, that was the most surprising result of the study.
"We need to let moms know. This will affect your fetus, this will really affect your baby. "Players Stressed.
Overall, the study says that 48 of these calls concerned exposure to children 12 years and younger and 69% of the 48 were under two years of age.
Six States – Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Tennessee, Vermont and Wisconsin – have made kratom illegal and other municipalities have also banned the substance.
In the Ohio state pharmacy card said they want to make it a schedule a topic that falls into the same category as marijuana and heroin.
But by that The latest board meeting received about 6,000 public comments from both sides of the spectrum and now they take the time to review them before proceeding with a decision. Kratom is currently listed by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as a "drug of interest". "It is not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) which means that product quality, purity and concentration can vary dramatically.