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Recognize the creeping symptoms early and call the ambulance

Heart attack symptoms may be gradual or abrupt

Heart attack symptoms may be gradual or abrupt; in both cases it is a medical emergency. However, patients with symptoms that occur slowly take much longer to call the ambulance.

According to health experts, about 300,000 people in Germany suffer a heart attack each year. Although many people suffer from an infarction from a "clear sky", symptoms gradually develop in some people. These patients take significantly longer to call an ambulance than people who have abrupt symptoms. This is shown in a study published in the journal "European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing", a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).

  Older man holds hands to his chest pain
Chest pain may be an indication of a heart attack. In such cases, an ambulance should be called immediately. (Photo: Rawpixel.com/fotolia.com)strong19659006 ?? Quick Help Can Save Life

According to a statement from the ESC, the study found that patients with gradual onset of heart attack symptoms took eight hours to seek medical help, compared to 2.6 hours in patients with sudden symptoms. It is generally recommended that patients be treated within a maximum of two hours as serious complications and deaths are more likely.

Gradual symptoms begin with mild discomfort that slowly worsens, while sudden onset is associated with severe pain from the beginning. "Both are medical emergencies and require urgent help," says study author Dr. Sahereh Mirzaei from the University of Illinois at Chicago, USA. "But our study shows that gradual symptoms are not taken seriously."

The analysis, conducted in four US regions, included 474 patients with acute coronary syndrome who were admitted to an emergency department in a hospital. In 56 percent of patients, the symptoms were sudden and 44 percent gradual. Both women and men sought medical help faster in the event of sudden pain.

"Nearly half of patients had a slow start, so this is not uncommon." Mirzaei. "Symptoms of acute coronary syndrome are nonspecific and interpretation is often challenging for patients. Chest pain, chest discomfort and chest pressure are warning signs that an artery may be blocked, and patients should immediately call the ambulance."

  Old man holding chest due to heart attack

5 Signs of myocardial infarction

The symptoms of a heart attack are sometimes not listed as serious, but the following signs should be taken seriously.

Call ambulance immediately

More than half (54 percent) of men with abrupt onset and diagnosed ST-extension-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) had their symptoms triggered by exertion. It is reported to be a particularly serious heart attack requiring rapid recovery of blood flow in occluded arteries. The risky activities included climbing stairs, dragging, shooting, shaking, heavy gardening, running and jogging. "Men with ischemic heart disease or with several risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol or family history should be aware of chest pain or pain. Complaints after physical exertion can be a heart attack," says Dr. Mirzaei.

The study also showed that arrival by ambulance was associated with a shorter period of time between the onset of pain and arrival at the hospital. Only 45 percent of patients called an ambulance, while more than half (52 percent) organized their own transport. Three percent were referred from another hospital.

"Pain or discomfort in the chest, whether severe and sudden or soft and slow, should not be ignored. Symptoms may include pain in the neck, neck, back, abdomen or shoulders, which may be accompanied by nausea, cold sweat, weakness. , dyspnea or anxiety. Call an ambulance immediately. The sooner you get help, the better your prognosis. "Mirzaei. (ad)

Important Notice:
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He cannot replace a doctor's visit.

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