Home / Business / At VW, ID.3 is off the line: He should be the Golf under electric cars

At VW, ID.3 is off the line: He should be the Golf under electric cars

From now on, Zwickau runs the electric golf hit ID.3 from the band. Image: EPA

Electric car threatens to be overrun Germany – now beats back VW

On Monday, VW finally really entered the E-era – the group begins by building its ID.3. At the same time, experts predict how many jobs will destroy this and other electric cars. Where is the car park Germany heading?

Ralf Bielefeldt / t-online

On November 4, 2019 is a big day for VW in Zwickau: Series production of ID.3 starts in the Volkswagen factory. The compact electric car will usher in a new era ̵

1; for the global business group and for the Saxon site: Volkswagen is, for the first time, step by step, a complete car factory – from 100 percent internal combustion engine to 100 percent "E".

1500 Stromer is here daily from Band driving

VW plant in Zwickau, Saxony: This is where the production of electric car ID.3 begins Photo: EPA / EPA

From 2021 Volkswagen aims for 330 000 units per year. This means that with all the automation in the ID.3 production process, 8,000 local jobs will be secured for the foreseeable future. According to Volkswagen, Zwickau, once the birthplace of the Horch brand, will become Europe's largest and most powerful e-car plant – and the flagship ID.3 is Volkswagen's third Volkswagen car after Beetle and Golf.

From 2040 Wolfsburger does not want cars with diesel engines. or petrol engine produces more on Mercedes-Benz from 2039 only electric cars and plug-in hybrids (PHEV) from the tire roller. The era of high-performance internal combustion engines, characterized by emotions and sounds, is coming to an end. Hi, all her wonderful six, eight and twelve cylinders.

VW brings the Golf for the electric age – ID.3

In 20 years, Daimler CO 2 -free [19659014] "We give ourselves over the next 20 years to convert our fleet to CO2 neutrality, "says Daimler's CEO Ola Källenius. "As early as 2030, we target more than half of car sales with plug-in hybrids or purely electric vehicles." To get things rolling, a lot still needs to happen in Auto-Republik Deutschland. Bernhard Mattes, the outgoing president of the German Automobile Industry Association (VDA), is demanding that the market generation of e-cars be rapidly, sustainably and extensively expanded in public and private areas.

The approximately 20,000 public charging points, which already exist in Germany today, are far from sufficient for the electrical conversion of motorists. According to the Association of the Automotive Industry, one million public charging points will be needed by 2030, plus another 100,000 fast charging points and several million private charging points to realize the desired e-mobility turnaround.

There ID. 3 is based on a modular electronic kit. So VW can produce e-cars on the same basis from micro-cars on SUVs to the custom to save costs. Image: EPA

Industry on the Edge

How it can and should go, in parallel with the Zwickauer ID.3-Act act in the Federal Chancellery. On November 4, representatives of the federal government and top executives from the automotive industry met there for the e-mobility summit. And again advise on how to get as many e-cars on the road in the shortest possible time. On the one hand, to reach the next level for the climate goals issued. And above all to preserve the future vitality of the automotive industry. Because it's stronger than ever on the edge.

Angela Merkel on Monday at the beginning of ID.3 production. Image: EPA

The news magazine "Der Spiegel" recently testified the German car industry engine failure. "For a century she has set the standards, now BMW, Daimler, Audi and VW are dangerously behind", is the conclusion of a five-member team of writers. The wealth of autonomous driving would be determined in future laboratories for Digitech companies such as Google's sister Waymo. The major German manufacturers are threatened to be demoted to only suppliers of bodies and chassis in the future. The incinerator had not yet reached its consciousness.

The short-term problem: the higher the market share for technically less complex electric cars, the greater the job loss. Image: EPA

Hundreds of thousands of the approximately 1.8 million jobs directly and indirectly linked to the automotive industry across the country are at risk. Thumb rule: The higher the market share (MA) for technically less complex electric cars, the greater the loss of work. If Elektro-MA rises to 25 percent by 2030, the highly specialized German car industry will lose 74,000 to 80,000 jobs, predicts the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering (IAO). If he climbed to 40 percent it would be 80,000 to 90,000 jobs. With an (unlikely) E-share of 80 percent, Fraunhofer IAO predicts as much as 107,000 to 125,000 job losses.

Up to 360,000 jobs could be eliminated

A new model calculation of BUND's nature conservation association goes a long way: Up to 360,000 jobs threaten to be lost to the show industry. According to this bill, productivity gains can cost 150,000 jobs, an additional 160,000 can be eliminated, since e-cars are far from as complex as burners and therefore can be produced by fewer employees, and up to 50,000 jobs can be lost in sales. mobility services and public transport improvements

Currently, four percent of all jobs in Germany are in the automotive industry. It may be over soon. The transformation to electromobility will shake the industry well, politicians, managers and researchers agree. The first precursors are already evident today, especially among the technology groups in the delivery industry.

By the end of 2022, Bosch will have reduced more than 2,000 jobs in Germany, particularly at diesel sites; There are currently around 50,000 Bosch jobs still used in diesel engine technology. Schaeffler announced a reduction of another 1,300 jobs, ZF Friedrichshafen is moving jobs overseas on a large scale, and 2,000 employees are worried about their livelihood at the Lake Constance. Only on Continental there are about 2,600 jobs on the strike list in Babenhausen, southern Baden.

E-mobility is an investment in the future

Whether e-mobility actually comes with the strategically expected – and politically induced – strength in Germany is still an investment in the future. After all, the number of new registrations of electric cars has almost tripled since 2015. According to the German Federal Motor Transport Authority (KBA), 47 & # 39; 903 new electric vehicles have already been registered during the current year (from September 2019), an increase of 94.9 percent compared to the same period. last year. In addition, there are 163 & # 39; 352 hybrid cars (plus 67.9%), including 26 & # 39; 487 plug-in hybrids (plus 3.6%), which can charge their battery at the outlet.

Globally, there are undoubtedly modest figures: In 2018, three major Chinese manufacturers BYD, BAIC and SAIC together sold approximately 485,000 electrified cars (mainly) on the domestic market. Tesla, the world's largest manufacturer of e-cars, achieved 234,000 units worldwide last year alone. Demand in other markets exists. And there the German manufacturers would soon have a strong statement, provided there are no bottlenecks in the batteries.

BMW plans to have a total of 25 models with electrified unit by 2023, including twelve clean electric cars. Mercedes-Benz will have 20 electrified models at the end of this year. Audi plans to have five clean electric cars in its portfolio in early 2021, and by 2025 there will be more than 30 models with charging plugs. As part of the 2025 strategy, Volkswagen will no longer offer clean combustion models from 2026 onwards. Currently, Wolfsburg with 54 & # 39; 000 electrical units 2018 is in second place by the German e-car manufacturer. First goes to BMW with 87,000 e-cars and PHEV 2018.

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