Home / Science / Super massive black hole found spawning stars at a "furious rate" of 500 per year, NASA says

Super massive black hole found spawning stars at a "furious rate" of 500 per year, NASA says



Super massive black hole found fun stars at a "furious rate" of 500 per year, NASA says

  • NASA says a distant black hole creates ideal conditions for star birth
  • Stars in the Phoenix Cluster are formed 500 times faster than the Milky Way [19659003] A weaker than usual supermassive black hole helps create ideal conditions

A super-massive black hole discovered by NASA has spawning stars at a "furious pace" and could help to explain the mysteries behind where the gaseous bodies come from.

Using observations from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Hubble Space Telescope, MIT scientists have taken in a distant galaxy cluster called the Phoenix cluster, which they say contains a super-massive black hole with the ideal conditions for constellation.

Unlike other super-massive black holes found in the center of other galaxies, scientists say the ones in the Phoenix Cluster are much weaker, causing large gas clouds in the galaxy to cool down and begin the process of forming a star. [19659014] Phoenix Cluster – a group of distant galaxies shown above – are birth stars that surpass the Milky Way with a ratio of 500 to 1 each year. Image credit: X-ray: NASA / CXC / SAO / G.Schellenberger et al .; Optical: SDSS ” class=”blkBorder img-share” />

Phoenix Cluster – a group of distant galaxies shown above – are birth stars that surpass the Milky Way with a ratio of 500 to 1 each year. Image credit: X-ray: NASA / CXC / SAO / G.Schellenberger et al .; Optical: SDSS

"This is a phenomenon that astronomers have been trying to find for a long time," said Michael McDonald, astronomer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), "who led the study.

" This cluster shows that in some cases the the energetic effect of a black hole can actually improve cooling, leading to dramatic consequences. "

NASA has searched for decades to search for galaxy clusters of robust nurseries of stars in the central galaxies – the ones that are closest to a central supermassive black hole – but have so far not found one.

In previously observed galaxies superheated gas flowing around their center was cooled down by X-ray exposure but then subsequently reheated by shortages of energy radiating from the supermassive black hole's center and interrupted the star-forming process, researchers say

  Above is a representation of a black hole nearly 8000 light years away from the earth as was ejected and released high velocity cloud of plasma earlier this year

Above is a representation of a black hole nearly 8,000 light-years away from the earth that were captured with high-velocity clouds of plasma earlier this year

air conditioning in your house on a hot day, but then start a wood fire. Your living room can't cool down properly until you put out the fire, said co-author Brian McNamara at the University of Waterloo, Canada.

"Similarly, when a black hole's heating power is turned off in a galaxy cluster, the gas can then cool down."

The anomalous conditions identified in the Phoenix cluster have been so effective that researchers say it turns gas into about 500 solar masses each year, compared to Milky Way which sees about one per year.

            

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