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Study: High fiber diet and lots of whole grains can reduce the risk of chronic diseases Life



  Pulses as lenses are a rich source of fiber. - AFP pic
Pulses as lenses are a rich source of fiber. – AFP pic

NEW YORK, Jan 12 – New research established by the World Health Organization has found that including much fiber and whole grains in the diet can reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and colorectal cancer.

Investigated by researchers at the University of Otago, New Zealand and Dundee, Scotland, the new meta-analysis saw 1

85 observational studies containing data relating to 135 million person-years – taking into account the number of people in the study and how much time each person spends in the study – and 58 clinical trials with 4,635 healthy adult participants.

The researchers focused on the effects of dietary fiber and whole grains on the risk of premature deaths from and numbers of chronic heart disease, cardiovascular disease and stroke, as well as types of diabetes type 2, colorectal cancer and cancer associated with obesity: asthma, endometrial , oesophageal and prostate cancer.

The Find, published in The Lancet suggested that those who ate the highest fiber quantity, with a daily intake of between 25g and 29g, benefited from a 15 to 30 percent reduction in all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality. compared to people who ate the least amount of fiber.

In addition, eating fiber-rich foods also reduced the rate of cardiovascular disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and colorectal cancer by 16 to 24 percent.

In addition, there appeared to be a dose-response relationship suggesting that a higher dietary fiber intake over 25 g to 29 g per day could provide even greater benefits in protecting against cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and colorectal and breast cancer.

Increasing fiber intake was also associated with lower body weight and cholesterol compared to lower intake.

Higher intake of whole grains was also associated with w with a 13-33 percent reduction in the risk of developing chronic diseases and for each 15g increase in whole grains eaten per day reduced total deaths and rates of cardiovascular disease, type 2. – diabetes and colorectal cancer by 2 to 19 percent.

The whole grains were also associated with a decrease in body weight, with the researchers explaining that whole grains are high in dietary fiber, which can explain their beneficial effects.

However, the study found only limited support as diets with a low glycemic index and low glycemic load offered protection against type 2 diabetes and stroke. They explained that foods with low glycemic index or low glycemic load may also contain added sugars, saturated fats and sodium which could be health benefits of this type of diet are less apparent.

Most people worldwide consume less than 20g of dietary fiber per day. Rich sources of dietary fiber include whole grains, pulses, vegetables and fruits. – AFP-Relaxnews


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