Then. Cory Booker said in a panel that the United States had to deal with "persistent inequalities" that African Americans experienced by discussing repairs, the idea that slaves should be compensated for the injustice and cruelty their ancestors experienced.
Booker said the nation has "yet to truly acknowledge and seize racism and the white superiority that troubled the nation's foundation and continues to cause lasting and deep racial differences and inequalities. These differences not only harm black communities, they harm all societies" .  A Judicial Judgment Committee debated the HR 40, a bill that would study how the United States would carry out repairs to black Americans, among a national conversation about what the federal government is committing to offspring of slaves. Booker, author Ta-Nehisi Coates and actor Danny Glover were among the witnesses who testified before the panel.
The panel took place at "Juntionde", a holiday celebrating the day of liberation for slaves in Texas on June 1
The panel took place the day after the Senate Majority leader Mitch McConnell said he believed the rights of black Americans had been advanced enough to make repairs unnecessary.
"I do not believe that repairs for something that happened 150 years ago, for which none of us living today are responsible, is a good idea. We tried to deal with our original sin of slavery by fighting a civil war by passing Marking civil rights law We chose an African American president, said McConnell, McConnell once again made his mission to make President Obama a single president and worked to block Obama-backed legislation throughout his mission.
As a witness in the first panel, Booker emphasized the importance of HR 40.
"This is a very important hearing. It's historic. It's in a hurry, "Booker, who introduced the Senate version of the bill, said he claimed that black Americans deserve compensation not only for slavery but for the inheritance of domestic terrorism against black people after civil war, segregation, and for redlining, a practice used by "We as a nation must deal with these persistent inequalities," said Booker. "It is time we find common and common purpose to deal with this ugly story."
Booker's proposed US Opportunity Bill, commonly known as "Child Bonds", would give every US child a $ 1,000 bond saving regardless of race, and the child would receive an additional government deposit each year, with those in the poorest families up to $ 2,000. The child could access the account at the age of 18, and only for permitted uses, such as education and housing The idea behind the proposal is to help reduce the difference between breed income differences.
The second panel contained several experts on repairs to testify. Coates wrote the seminal 2014 essay in the Atlantic, "The case of repairs", which concerned interest in repairs among reporters and politicians.
"It is impossible to imagine the United States without the inheritance of slavery," said Coates, noting so much of the economy of the early US was dependent on slavery, which required "torture, rape and child trafficking."
"A century after the civil war, black people were the subject of a relentless campaign of terror," Coates continued, saying that while "it is tempting to separate from this modern terrorist campaign, by looting, from slavery", the heritage of slavery and discrimination was tied and justified compensation. He also argued that "federal government was deeply complicated," not only in slavery, but also in conducting policies such as rescue and segregation.
Coates specifically condemned McConnell and noted that the Senate majority leader was living too much of the violence against black Americans during civil law, and so could not regard discrimination as a previous problem.
"Majority leader McConnell quoted civil law law yesterday, as he should, because he lived to witness harassment, imprisonment and treason by those responsible for the law of a government that responded to protecting them. He lived to save Chicago and raises black homeowners at about $ 4 billion, Coates says. "The victims of this plunder live today. I'm sure they would love a word with the majority leader. "
Glover also testified and said he was the grandson of a woman who was enslaved and freed by emancipation proclamation, which he met as a child." This hearing is yet another important step in the African Americans' long and heroic struggle "to achieve equality, says Glover.
" White America must admit that justice for black people cannot be achieved without radical change in the structure of our society, Glover continued.
Other witnesses included Katrina Browne, a white woman descended from the largest slave trading family in the United States. Browne said most White Americans are unaware of how impressive the North and the Midwest were in slavery and instinctively wanting to avoid a sense of shame associated with their ancestors and their countries.
Another witness, a black freelance writer Coleman Hughes, said he was against compensation for all the offspring of slaves. He suggested that allowances be paid to those who lived under Jim Crow.
"The people who are guilty of slavery are no longer here," Hughes said. His testimony got Boos from the blackest audience. After his testimony, a man in the audience stood up and loudly expressed his opposition when he left.
"It's time to go. I can't listen to it. It's rubbish," said the man.
Another black opponent of repairs, former NFL player Burgess Owens, claimed that it was possible to achieve the American dream through hard work. He also briefly pointed out the influx of illegal immigrants across the border and said that illegal immigration "hurts our race".
But the high revolver Eugene Taylor Sutton, a bishop of the diocese of Maryland, said it was important to have the debate between conflicting opinions. He noted that his majority-white diocese had raised discussions on the role of the bishopric in the area of encouraging slavery, and if his society could get this debate, then the nation could.
"Repairs simply mean repairing it which is broken. It's not just about monetary compensation," says Sutton. Coates later did not agree that "cut check" would be part of the call.
Sutton also ran back to Owen's belief that black Americans must be in control of their own future and say that they only need Julianne Malveaux, economist and twin sister of rep. Karen Bass, argued that all white people benefited from the fruits of slavery, even if they or their ancestors did not "It is more than time for us to deal with the injustices that African Americans have not only experienced in history but continue to experience," Malveaux said. "Enslavement is the foundation of this country was built." Malveaux also claimed that it was not enough to simply provide compensation to low-income Americans of all races, but to specifically focus on economic inequality in The ashes
"Racism and slavery were our original sins, and we have to deal with repairs by dealing precisely with that," said Malveaux, arguing that repairs were necessary to be a separate problem from just helping all low-income Americans. "Let's not forget that race is central to everything we do in the context of economic inequality."
Later, Malveaux complained that not enough issues of racialism were directed to experts like her, an economist with deep knowledge in the subject area. She also said that the tone of the hearing was for "kumbaya".
"I want Congressmen to handle economic structure," Malveaux said. "I'm frustrated with the tone that some of this has taken."
Marveaux told CBS News after the hearing that she believed it was "a step forward" and added that she hoped that Wednesday's discussion would lead to legislation closing the wealth gap.
"I was frustrated by some of the Republican witnesses who would obviously make soft shuffling around," We pulled up "- everyone has pulled up. It's not the point. The point is to address economic structure issues ", she said.
The HR 40, named after the Civil War's promise of "40 acres and a mule" as a replacement for past slaves, has been deceived in the Chamber since John Conyers first introduced it in 1989. But Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee reinstated the bill in January. Repairs used to be a fringe idea – at least among white politicians – but it has received more attention from ordinary democrats in the 2020 presidential campaign . Many of the declared democratic presidential candidates have made a substitution or at least support a national conversation on the issue.
In her introduction, Jackson Lee said that HR 40 would be a "far too late" response to slavery.
"Slavery is the original sin. Slavery has never received an apology," said Jackson Lee, adding that "black people in America are descendants of Africans kidnapped and transported to the United States" under the direction of the government, which was segregation. Therefore, Jackson Lee said it was up to the federal government to provide repairs.
When Jackson Lee opened her question at the end of the panel, she got applause and cheers from the audience.
"Let this day June 19, 2019 be the marker of the commitment of each of you who have come to support (the bill)," said Jackson Lee. She urged Hughes and Owens to "read the bill."
In her questionnaire, rep. Karen Bass said that the denial of discrimination that black Americans face was harmful and claimed that remuneration was "trivialized" as black people wanted money
"Everyone understands the pain caused by the Holocaust destruction. Deep pain is caused by this, "said Bass.
Few Republican members of the Constitution Subcommittee, Civil Liberties and Civil Liberties participated in the hearing. The Subcommittee directing member, GOP Rep. Mike Johnson, said in its opening statement that would be difficult to provide financial compensation to black Americans for the actions of a "small" subset of slave-owned Americans, some of the audience screaming and asking, "Small?" Johnson also said that repairs would be "unconstitutional at their face ", evoke boos and hoists from the audience.
GOP Rep. Louie Gohmert used most of his question time to note that historical members such as the Democratic Party had supported slavery and implemented much of the policy under Jim Crow. The audience repeatedly interrupted Gohmert, once with a man shouting, "You lie!"
Separately on Wednesday later said Lindsey G raham that he didn't know "where it stays" if you carry out repairs.
I just think we are so far away from the event, that was the original sin in the country. I think we're just making it a more perfect union rather than looking back, because I don't know where it stops when you do it, "Graham said." We're not a perfect country, but we're trying to form a more perfect union and I don't think it helps. "