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Scientists suggest that they are close to capturing images of a black hole



Scientists have suggested that they might have captured the first image of a black hole in the Milky Way.

International astronomers have observed two primary goals including Sagittarius A *, in the middle of the Milky Way and M87

Observations on these black holes have been carried out by a project called the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), a series of telescopes that together are the size of Earth's spectacular "data during observations, which may include the first ever image of a black hole silhouette.

Image of the object would become" one of the most iconic "ever created by scientists, researchers say.

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  Scientists have suggested that they may have captured the first image of a black hole in the Milky Way, with international astronomers observing two primary targets including Sagittarius A *, in the middle of the Milky Way and M87 in the Virgo divide of galaxies (stock image)

Scientists have suggested that they may have captured the first ever image of a black hole in the Milky Way. International astronomers have observed two primary goals including Sagittarius A *, in the middle of the Milky Way and the M87 in the Virgo divide of galaxies (stock image)

The EHT collaboration is analyzing the results of the first full run of data from 2017, as expected be unveiled sometime this year.

A senior researcher on the project suggested the guardian that it could contain the groundbreaking picture, but could not comment further when he talked to MailOnline.

If the researchers managed to get a picture, it would be one of the most significant breakthroughs in the last 50 years of astronomy.

Sera Markoff, a professor of theoretical astrophysics and astroparticle physics at the University of Amsterdam, leads with the guidance of EHT's work group for multi-wave length.

& # 39; If the project manages to create an image of a black hole, it would be a great thing for physics and astrophysics. Researchers have been working for this goal for over 20 years, "she told MailOnline.

For all scientific results – related to data from Sagittarius A * – they must first undergo the peer review process before they are released 19659002] Professor Markoff said she Unable to confirm whether the observations had created the first direct image of a black hole's silhouette.

Seeing these black holes in the sky correspond to looking at the head of a New York pin from where I sit in Amsterdam, Professor Markoff Mail Online

  The EHT collaboration is analyzing the results of the first full-time launch in 2017 and is expected to be unveiled sometime this year, and if scientists succeeded in getting an image, it would be a significant breakthrough in the last 50 years of astronomy ( Stock image)

The EHT collaboration is analyzing the results of the first start-up in 2017 and is expected to be revealed sometime this year. If scientists managed to get a picture, it would be a significant breakthrough of the last 50 years of astronomy (stock image)

"We managed to get very high quality data at the very high resolutions required to observe the shadow, if it really is there , Professor Markoff told the guardian.

Professor Peter Galison, who also works on the project says that if the project succeeded, the image became the most "iconic image of science."

the image would be one of the most "significant in the last 50 the years of astronomy, "says Professor Galison, who is based at the Science History Department of Harvard University.

So far, a black hole has never been observed. The biggest obstacle is that they are so compact that a telescope's earth size would be needed to capture a picture of the closest to our planet

  From a theoretical point of view, researchers already have a very good idea of ​​what it should look like, d The earliest predictions of shape and size were actually made back in the 1970s. Professor Markoff said that Interstellar was very "ideal" but it is not far from what we expect. Pictured, a snapshot of the movie

Researchers already have a theoretical point of view a very good idea of ​​how it should look. The earliest predictions of shape and size were actually made back in the 1970s. Professor Markoff said that Interstellar was very "ideal" but it is not far from what we expect. Pictured, a snapshot of the movie

  More recently, researchers in both the EHT collaboration and in the field have made complex simulations using supercomputers to predict what a black hole would look like. Here is a silent from Interstellar

More recently, researchers in both the EHT collaboration and in the field have made complex simulations using supercomputers to predict how a black hole would look. Here, one still from Interstellar

Event Horizon Telescope, an international collaboration, uses between 15 and 20 telescopic dishes around the world to collectively observe black holes.

The telescope must all be pointed towards the black hole and measure radio waves stored on hard drives.

Each telescope is observed individually from each area, spanning the South Pole, Europe, South America, Africa, North America and Australia.

The collected radio wave data is then stored collectively on a supercomputer.

Professor Markoff said that the movie Interstellar contains an "idealized" wild of a black but it is not far from what she would expect to see.

Apart from providing insight into what black holes look like, data collected from the telescope can provide fascinating insights into how they work.

  Event Horizon Telescope, an international collaboration, uses about 15-20 telescopic dishes around the world that collectively observe black holes. The telescopes must all point in the direction of the black hole and measure radio waves. Image, one in Greenland

Event Horizon Telescope, an international collaboration, uses about 15-20 telescopic dishes around the world that collectively observe black holes. The telescopes must all point in the direction of the black hole and measure radio waves.

The black holes are so dense and their gravity pressure is so strong that no form of radiation can escape them – not even light.

They act as intense sources of gravity that dust up dust and gas around them.

Their intense gravitational traits are thought to have the stars of the galaxies circling around.

How they are formed is still poorly understood.

  Supermassive black holes are incredibly dense areas in the middle of galaxies with lots that can be billions of times that of the sun. They cause dips in space time (the artist's impression) and even light cannot escape their gravity.

Supermassive black holes are incredibly dense areas in the center of galaxies with lots that can be billions of times the sun. They cause dips in space time (the artist's impression) and even light cannot escape their gravity.

Astronomers believe they can be formed when a large cloud of gas up to 100,000 times larger than the sun collapses in a black hole. [19659002] Many of these black hole seeds merge to form much larger supermassive black holes located in the middle of each known massive galaxy.

Alternatively, a supermassive black-haired seed can come from a giant star, about 100 times the sun's mass, which ultimately forms in a black hole after it runs out of fuel and collapses.

When these giant stars die, they also go "supernova", a big explosion that derives the matter from the outer layer of the star in outer space.

For many projects starting with prototypes, the EHT team must constantly test and upgrade the system, first by combining just a few telescopes and eventually building up to the full ground size.

The greater the distance between telescopes, the more details you will see, said Professor Markoff.

From a theoretical point of view, scientists already have a very good idea of ​​what it should look like, the earliest predictions of shape and size were actually made back in the 1970s.

More recently, researchers in the EHT collaboration and in the field have made complex simulations using supercomputers to predict what a black hole would look like.

WHAT IS THE SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOAG SAGITTARIUS A *

Melkvåg's galactic center is dominated by a resident, the supermassive black hole called Sagittarius A *.

Supermassive black holes are incredibly dense areas in the center of galaxies with lots that can be billions of times that of the sun.

They act as intense gravitational forces that increase dust and gas around them.

Proof of a black hole in the middle of our galaxy was first presented by physicist Karl Jansky in 1931 when he discovered radio waves coming from the region.

Forbidden yet invisible, Sgr A * has the mass corresponding to about four million suns.

In just 26,000 light years from Earth, Sgr A * is one of the few few black holes in the universe where we can actually witness the flow of matter nearby.

Less than one percent of the material originally in the black hole's gravity affects the event horizon, or no return, as much of it is expelled.

Consequently, the X-ray emission from materials near Sgr A * is noticeably weak, as is that of most gigantic black holes in galaxies in the neighboring universe.

The captured material needs to lose heat and angular momentum before being able to run into the black hole. Emissions of matter allow this loss to occur.


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