Tension and cholesterol levels can warn you if you are prone to heart disease, blood sugar measurement can detect a hidden diabetes and osteodensitometry can cause osteoporosis. Cancer can be detected in early stages through specific tests (Pap smear, mammography, rectal stroke). Measurement of body mass index, cholesterol and blood pressure determines cardiovascular risk and Pap pain and rectal evidence identify specific cancers for men and women
1. Body Mass Index
The value of this index indicates if you have a normal weight and is calculated as follows: body weight in kg divided by the height in m to square. An index between 1
2. Blood pressure
Normal tension should be about 120/80 mm / Hg. "If the voltage drops below 9/6 cmHg, hypotension is considered and if it passes 14/9 it is considered high blood pressure" says cardiologist Florin Mitu
3. Low Cholesterol (LDL)
High levels of LDL ("bad cholesterol") can cause fat deposits on arterial walls, favoring atherosclerosis and heart attack . "The value of LDL cholesterol should be less than 100 mg / dl, values above 160 mg / dl require treatment", adds the cardiologist Mitu
4. Cardiovascular Risk
The physician can calculate the risk of cardiovascular disease based on cholesterol, triglycerides and blood pressure, taking into account age, weight, possibly diabetes
5. Density Mineral Legs
osteoporosis is recommended for women after menopause and men after age 50. "The doctor recommends such a test based on the patient's sex, associated diseases, subsequent treatment, diet and exposure to the sun", explains the family doctor Calin Ciubotaru
A blood glucose value above 126 means the presence of type 2 diabetes. These tests are recommended at least every three years. If there is a person with this disease in the family, it is advisable to perform the test at a younger age.
7th Testicle Testing can help identify nodules or changes. These studies are especially indicated if you experience a scrotal sensation, abdominal pain, alteration of the testicle shape
8. The breast examination is important for identifying breast nodules. The optimal period of self-control is 5-10 days after the menstrual period.
ninth Skin Examination helps detect suspected molar and inflammation
. Colorectal Examination . The appearance of blood in the stool should be followed by a consultation and probably a colonoscopy.
eleventh Screening of the cancer. For men, screening for prostate cancer is the digital rectal test that enables prostate analysis and tumor detection. The PSA antigen is recommended after the age of 40-50 years. For women, the recommended tests are the Pap test for cervical cancer and mammography. "Pap smear test should be performed every three years after starting sexual life and in women taking ceptic anticonvulsants – more often. Mammograms should be performed every two years after age 40-50" adds doctor Ciubotaru.
12th Test for Sexually Transmitted Diseases: HIV, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea
13. Spirometry and X-rays : Smokers should monitor the risk of diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer.
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