Researchers have identified a new strain of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the first detected after 2000, the Press Association reported Wednesday.
M-group viruses are responsible for the global pandemic, and its origins have been identified by researchers in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Sub-Saharan Africa.
Researchers have noted that the new discovery helps them be one step ahead of a mutant virus and prevent new pandemics.
Before a virus is unusual in determining a new subtype, it is necessary that three cases be detected independently.
The first two samples of the new HIV M group 1, subtype L, were discovered in the DRC in the 1
The Abbott Company Discovery, published in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JAIDS).
Carole McArthur of the University of Missouri-Kansas City, one of the study's authors, said: & # 39; & # 39; In an increasingly connected world, no one we can still believe that viruses can be restricted in one area. This discovery reminds us that in order to end the HIV pandemic, we must continue to take on the ever-changing virus and use the latest technological advances and resources to monitor its development. & # 39; & # 39;
Existing Diagnostic Tests and Medications Antiretroviral drugs that suppress HIV development are designed to target areas of the virus common to all groups, the Press Association notes.
The HIV virus causes AIDS, which gradually attacks and destroys the body's immune system. The disease is manifested by serious infections that cause weight loss, the brain and central nervous system.
To reproduce, HIV must enter a cell in the immune system. The virus enters the body through sexual contact, through contamination with the infected blood or from the infected mother to the fetus, during pregnancy, birth and breastfeeding. HIV can be found in biological fluids, such as blood, sperm, vaginal secretions and breast milk.
An HIV positive person does not necessarily show signs of the disease. However, it is a virus carrier and therefore susceptible to transmission.