Something bad happens March of the week, which can cause problems for one of the robbers who explore the rocky surface. A sudden dust size of 15.8 million square kilometers – approximately in North and South America – has hit the red planet, which reduces the visibility and sunlight needed to keep the little explorer alive.
Darkness has prevented solar power Ability to charge the batteries sufficiently, and the rover has become quiet as a consequence.
"We should be able to ride this storm," said John Callas, project manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "We're worried, but we're hopeful that the storm will clear and the rover will start communicating with us."
The probe called Opportunity has explored the planet for more than 1
A storm of small dust particles has embarrassed much of Mars over the last two weeks and urged NASA's Opportunity robbers to postpone their passage. Another rover, NASA's Curiosity, which lies almost on the other side of the planet, seems to be unaffected by the great storm and continues to study the Marshal of the Gale Crater seeking signs of ancient life.
While the possibility is driven by sunlight, which is exposed by dust at its present location, Curiosity has a nuclear powered battery that runs day and night. Still, the atmospheric blowing sunlight, called "rope", is now over 8.0 at Gale Crater and the highest rope mission has ever recorded at that location. The rope value of the suspended Opportunity was over 11 and sufficiently thick that accurate measurements are no longer possible.
Unique weather patterns on Mars have been recorded from earth-based observatories for centuries. The Mars even has an atmosphere first drawn by William Herschel, the Discoverer of Uranus, who published a paper in 1784 on the observation of Mars that occludes stars in his journey around the sun. Since Herschel had built one of the finest telescopes in the world at that time, he was the first to observe the ice in the polar regions, the slope of his axis, the planet's diameter and its atmosphere. When Mars seemed to pass close to the two weak stars without affecting their brightness, Herschel found that there was a small atmosphere around the planet to disturb the light.
Honore Flaugergues, distinguishing astronomer from Viviers, France, discovered "yellow clouds" on the surface of Mars, which is considered to be the first known observation of the mart's dust storm. He is also remembered to be the first to notice the seasonal shrinkage of the polar ice caps during March spring. It was not until 1870 that these yellow clouds were explained by the Greek astronomer Eugène M. Antoniadi to be the only wind-blown sand or dust in the thin atmosphere.
Previous astronomers also discovered blue clouds on the planet as well. These were high-density thin seas and were generally considered as composed of water ice crystals, or given the thin, small carbon dioxide crystals of the atmosphere as an alternative possibility. It is now known from the probes who landed on the planet for the past 40 years that the blue color is not caused by clouds of ice, but by the pond itself. The dust in the atmosphere absorbs blue light, giving the sky its red color, but also spreads some of the blue light in the area just around the sun due to its particle size.
Marsh storms are common, especially during the southern hemisphere spring and summer, when the planet is closest to the sun, allowing a warmer atmosphere and the possibility of large surface wind. At this time, polar ice cubes lose much of their carbon dioxide, which allows the gas to increase the pressure in the atmosphere where dust particles accumulate. In some cases, the dust coast reaches 40 miles or more in height. Although dust storms may appear rare on Earth, all you need to look up to is the terrible dust bowl area in the 1930s when much of the United States central region was a continuous dust storm.
On Mars it is quite dry planet, local dust storms seem to be common. By contrast, the current storm, if it were on earth, would be sweeping news. This will be a danger that people will need to prepare for when we travel to this world in the 2020s.