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Sunday is the National Day of Headache; see trigger factors

The national day for fighting headaches remembers on May 19, this Sunday, an initiative of the Brazilian Society for Headaches (SBCe), to alert the population to headaches. According to the estimates, migraines of 15% of the world population are estimated at some point in their lives and 2% suffer from chronic migraine, a disabling disease and compromise the quality of life. In Brazil, at least 30 million people face the problem, which is three times more common in women than men.

Chronic migraine is characterized by seizures of headaches that occur for 15 days a month for three months. Symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, photophobia (photosensitivity) and phonophobia (discomfort caused by sound) are reported by patients, in addition to unilateral pain, intense pain, pulsatil or motion and / or physical activity pain marking. The episodes can range from 4 to 72 hours.

Despite the discomfort, many do not seek specialist and self-medication. "This behavior can be detrimental to the diagnosis and can help to make headaches chronic," explains neurologist Murilo Schaefer, of Curitiba, a specialist in clinical neurology and cephaliatri ̵

1; a science responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of headaches. According to him, patients with recurrent headaches usually take 5 years to seek a doctor because of headaches and 11 years to look for a specialist, something that contributes to chronic migraine.

Campaign SBCe # 3emais

In May, SBCe releases a video of the campaign "3 is too much" with a simple, simple message: "Even if you have good explanations for your pain, if you feel 3 or more headaches per month, for more than 3 months, seek medical attention. "

Triggering factors

Environment: bright light and sun exposure; sounds and strong smells like perfume and gasoline;

Psychological: Stress, Loss or Change in the Routine

Psychological: Stress, Loss or Change in the Routine

Each person is sensitive to certain types of triggering factors. Therefore, the orientation is to observe headaches, in addition to frequency, intensity and length, in order to report to the neurologist. "This is the only way to diagnose and prescribe appropriate treatment for this disease, which has a strong impact on patients' personal and professional lives," says Dr. Murilo Schaefer. The key is that the patient does not trivialize the pain, does not self-medicate and is looking for the neurologist, which is the specialty indicated for treating the disease, is considered one of the most incapable in the world

Types of treatment for migraine
A migraine can be treated at a preventative and non-medicated way. Changes in patient habits, relaxation techniques, physiotherapy and psychotherapy are positive. Exercising physical activity, avoiding stress spikes, regular sleep also helps to reduce the images. If the drug treatment is necessary, it can be done in a preventive manner, to reduce the frequency or emergency targeted to take the patient as soon as possible from the crisis.

New medicine
The good news for those who depend on action to manage the disease is that from July there will be available a new specific drug for the treatment of chronic migraines – already approved by the FDA and Anvisa, which will to constitute a new era to improve the quality of life of the carriers of the disease.

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