The month of November is devoted to raising awareness of men's health, especially in prostate cancer. This is the second most common type of tumor among them, behind only skin cancer that is not melanoma. Like other cancers, their cure is directly related to early diagnosis.
Patients diagnosed early have a 90% risk of cure. If detected when cancer is locally advanced, it drops to 60%. In cases where there is already progress to 30%.
Specialist Center for Urology at the German Hospital Oswaldo Cruz, Carlo Passerotti advocates periodic examinations for disease prevention. “Men need to be aware of the importance of being protagonists of their health. When it comes to prostate cancer, preventative medical follow-up is crucial, in addition to adopting healthy habits, such as balanced diet and physical activity that prevent the disease, ”advised the professional.
There are several tests to identify prostate cancer ̵
There are also periodic surveys on people without signs, called tracking. They consist of the touch test and PSA. They are listed for men from 50 years. Those with previous cases in the family should begin at age 45, and very strong family history of the disease is likely to begin at age 40.
But screening across the population is not a consensus. The reason is that prostate enlargement and indications of PSA changes can occur for a variety of reasons, and accurate diagnosis depends on performing a biopsy – this can lead to infections, pain, fever, blood in the urine and sperm.
also the ability to identify a cancer that is not aggressive and does not require treatment. In such cases, the doctor may choose active monitoring. The vast majority of tumors in this region develop slowly and take about 15 years to reach 1 cm³.
However, screening enables the identification of aggressive tumors that can grow rapidly and spread to other organs. and can lead to death. These are pros and cons that should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis, but the important thing is that men often consult their urologist.
Carlo Passerotti advocates screening and points out that more access to further investigations is needed. modern as resonance. “Early diagnosis is very important and must be done routinely as it increases sensitivity. The man who does that often knows what his PSA level changes from year to year is already a wake-up call, he said.
Listen more about it with the oncologist at the Instituto Oncoclínicas, Dr. Ariel Galapo Kann, who gave an interview to LIBERAL No Ar, broadcast by FM Gold (94.7) and DU (AM 580) radio stations:
https://liberal.com .br / wp-content / uploads / 2019/11 / 08.11.19-DR-ARIEL-GALAPO-KANN-NOVEMBER-BLUE.mp3
The Inca (National Cancer Institute) estimates that 68,000 new cases of prostate cancer was registered last year in Brazil. The Brazilian Society of Urology estimates that 20% of cases are diagnosed late and that 25% of patients die as a result of the disease. In 2017, there were more than 15,000 deaths from the disease in the country, according to Inca.
Myths and Truths about Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer has no early symptoms
The Truth – At an early stage it has no symptoms and when some signs start to appear it is about 95% of the tumors are already advanced, which makes healing difficult. In the advanced phase, the symptoms are bone pain, painful urination, frequent urination, presence of blood in the urine and / or semen.
Rectal touch is crucial for diagnosis
] Truth – Diagnosis is done through a clinical examination (rectal examination) in conjunction with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. In suspected cases, prostate biopsy is indicated.
Low PSA is a sign that I do not have prostate cancer
Myth – There are 15% of men with normal PSA levels and the test is useful for diagnosis. However, for a complete analysis of the case, rectal examination and prostate biopsy are important.
Magnification of the prostate is a sign of cancer
Myth – When Man Ages, Your prostate begins to enlarge. This process is called benign prostate hyperplasia and is not related to prostate cancer.
Source: Oswaldo Cruz German Hospital.