According to World Health Organization data – WHO, Panic Syndrome affects about 2% to 4% of the world's population, with a peak between 20 and 24 years, persons over 14 years of age. "It's, it's very rare in old age," explains psychologist Cyro Masci.
The specialist, author of the book Panic Syndrome: Psychiatry with an integrated approach, asks a question: "Why this disease, whose crises during sleep can occur in 40% of patients, it occurs in some people and not in others?" him the development of neuroscience has led to a greater understanding of what is happening in panic.
According to Masci, Panic Syndrome, or Panic Disorder, is the result of an imbalance in brain areas responsible for automatic survival reactions . "It has a characteristic of intense fear, a huge fear, accompanied by very unpleasant body symptoms."
The problem, according to Cyro Masci may also be accompanied by other psychiatric disorders such as depression, generalized anxiety, phobias and even chemical abuse, since alcohol consumption may increase to try to alleviate the symptoms.
The psychiatrist also says that our brain has regions to detect and react to dangers. "And what neuroscience has discovered is that in panic disorder these regions issue false signals, giving rise to false information that there is a great danger going on."
And there are good reasons that the brain has such characteristics. Masci recalls that this part of the brain arose during human evolution to meet the basic survival needs and required some essential functions. "For example, put the body in motion to look for food and also trigger an emergency alarm in the face of dangers in the environment, such as running away from other animals not to become food."
Panic Syndrome would thus be the result of the regions warning us of dangers . "This result is an intense fear, a scary, paralyzed fear, as if death were to happen at any time," adds Cyro Masci.
One feature that distinguishes this problem from other diseases is that they are recurrent symptoms. "The crisis happens with a certain frequency, not once or occasionally." Another feature of the disease is that this fear occurs in specific situations in about half the time. "In the other half comes" nowhere. "The person is very good or simply sleeps and starts to react."
Situations that trigger the panic crisis are also explained by neuroscience, according to Cyro Masci. "We include information in the brain that difficult regions are dangerous. So crises are often related to situations where the person is in some way heard, without any easy place to escape, such as being in traffic, in a subway, theater, cinema or inside. an aircraft, especially when the doors close. "
The doctor emphasizes the importance of proper psychiatric treatment . "Without proper follow-up, it is difficult to cure Panic Syndrome satisfactorily. There are few expectations for spontaneous healing." This psychiatric disorder compromises serious social, professional and affective relationships. "This commitment often leads to what we call disabling, with significant loss of quality of life, autonomy, and ability to track their own path," Masci explains.
The good news is that there are effective treatments and the goal is, according to the psychiatrist, to modulate, that is to regulate the areas of the brain that have been deregulated "It is not just about eliminating the symptoms without interfering with the areas of the brain so that they can respond properly to real dangers ".
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