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Meteorological increase of upper right prevents government formation in Spain

The Spanish Left Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE, center-left) won elections again, despite losing three deputies from April 28 (120 to 123), but the real election triumph of November 10 is, without appeal or complaint, Santiago Abascal, Vox leader. Further right-wing education became the third political force in the country with 52 deputies.

These legislators, the fourth since 2015, resulted from the entire political class's inability to reach government agreements. Going to the polls did not resolve, but (aggravated) the fragmentation of the Congress of Deputies. Forming government will become a Herculean task that requires generosity and vision for the entire national ideological spectrum . Spain is sleeping as divided today as yesterday, but much more inclined to the right and with the dark horizon for a third election.

"For this trip you do not need saddlebags," he lamented Sunday evening in front of the Madrid Socialist headquarters on Calle Ferraz, Juan Espinosa. This 54-year-old agricultural engineer is military at Chamartín PSOE, a middle-class area in the Spanish capital. Espinosa summarized the sentiment of many party followers who criticize Pedro Sánchez for leading elections that, in his opinion, gave way to the flourishing of a right-wing that had no weight in Spain a year ago and is now one of the strongest. from Europe.

Deputy Congress has become more fragmented than ever, with 1

6 parties represented: PSOE (120), PP (88), Vox (52), Unidas Somos (populist left, 35), Republican left in Catalonia (13), Citizens (center right, 10), Together for Catalonia (JxC, 8), Basque Nationalist Party (PNV, 7), EH Bildu (Basque Independence Left, 5), More Country (Split of the We, 3), Unity Candidacy Popular ( 2), Canary Coalition (2), Navarre Soma (Na +, 2), Galician Nationalist bloc (1), Cantabrian Regionalist Party (1) and debutant Teruel Exists, from an unpopular Aragonese landscape.

In the Senate PSOE will have 92 seats, PP 83, ERC 11, PNV 9, Na + 3, JxC 3, Teruel There is 2, Vox 2, La Gomera Socialist Group (Canary) 2, EH Bildu 1, Melilla Coalition 1. This last force At the end of the night there was an alternate with PP, who would win with just over 100 votes. The directly elected senators will be joined by the nominees of the regional parliaments of the 17 autonomous communities.

Euphoria at Vox

While Espinosa tried to homogenize the mix of satisfaction for victory in the bitterness with the bitterness of the difficult panorama, Again, to Spanish, the Vox leader spoke with his fierce supporters. Santiago Abascal spoke in a climate of great euphoria and with a disgusting display of Frankish symbols by followers of Vox. He said his party "played the biggest political gesture in Spanish history and gave votes to millions of Spaniards who did not."

Abascal made clear references to the situation of "rebellion" in Catalonia and the exhaustion of the remains of the dictator Franco of the Valley of the Fallen, questions that experts said helped Vox succeed in adding up to $ 3.5 million. Spanish, more than twice as much as it had in April. In his speech, the Vox leader had already received warm congratulations from Marine Le Pen, leader of the French right and from Matteo Salvini, Italy's ultranationalist leader.

Election Day gave way to another relevant fact: the citizens' spectacular debacle (C's, liberal center-right), which lost 47 deputies and now has a marginal representation in the Congress with ten seats. Several of the group's top leaders were left without parliamentary seats and the party is no longer represented in important autonomous communities, including some (Murcia, Castile and León) where C's supported coalition governments.

Most sources that Expresso has heard are waiting within the next few hours for the departure of Albert Rivera, C's president, who is accused of the Orange Party disaster. Rivera left that decision in the hands of an extra congress that met on Sunday night itself. In late April, when Rivera adopted the strategy of denying all cooperation with Sanchez's PSOE to end the Spanish political blockade, the sum of Social Democrats (123) and C's (57) deputies would have allowed a comfortable executive, with the support of 180 deputies. . , four more than the absolute majority.

No apparent majority

As predicted, none of the ideological arcs have results that allow them to merge and remove the blockage of the political connection where Spain has lived for months. On the left PSOE, Unidas Somos (UP, populist left) and Mais País (Split of Somos) reach 158 deputies, 18 being niggled than the parliamentary majority; to the right, the sum of the Popular Party (which missed the goal of 100 alternates, even if it wins 22 compared to April), Vox, C & # 39; s and Navarre Soma (PP-C's alliance in the region) add 152 alternates, 24 under the threshold for immediate investment.

Some analysts consulted this evening say that if PSOE can convince UP and C's to join a board project, it will be possible to solve a difficult government puzzle with the presence of Basque nationalists (PNV, not EH Bildu radicals ). ), The Canary Coalition, the Cantabrian Regionalist Party and the Galician Nationalist bloc (which returns after four years without alternates), without having to resort to Catalan independence.

UP leader Pablo Iglesias said tonight that "it is time to forget past repairs" and again reached the PSOE to form a coalition government, where the UP is sufficiently represented as support. obtained and is responsible for the administration of the "social articles" of the Spanish Constitution.

From April to September, the UP demanded a coalition government and even accepted that Iglesias was not a minister. The PSOE offered portfolios that the Left did not like, and they also refused to allow a minority of Sanchez executives.

Iglesia's party saves glory in these elections, even though it loses seven deputies (from 42 to 35). Three of them will have been taken by beginner Mais País, founded by Íñigo Errejón, once number two of Iglesias in Somos.

Sánchez, the prime minister in the leadership, sketches no self-criticism and prefers to appeal to "all parties" to block while I still prefer a "progressive government". By saying that there will be a "yes or yes" solution, it promises to avoid a third choice.

Anti-system debuts in Catalonia

In Catalonia, there are two facts to highlight: the lack of remarkable incidents, which severely black omens motivated by the ads violent boycott of the choices of agitation groups linked to the independent parties; and maintaining the status quo i.e. polarization in Catalan society.

The support of 42.38% of the electorate went to the various separatist forces, translated to 23 representatives at the Madrid Congress. Well below 57.07% (25 places) of anti-independent groups.

In this Spanish autonomous region, Vox wins two places it did not have; PP recovers further (gets two) and C's loses seven. The radical secessionists of the popular Unity Application (CUP) will also have two representatives in the Spanish capital. Its sole purpose is to "make the Spanish Parliament unmatched and to serve as an international speaker" on the situation of "oppression" in Catalonia.

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