(CNN) – NASA has big plans for 2024.
The Swedish Space Agency said that in four years it plans to land the first woman ever on the moon and the first man since 1972 through its Artemis program.
The program requires $ 28 billion in funding by 2025 for Phase 1, NASA said in its press release.
Artemis is named after the Greek goddess of the moon and Apollo’s twin sister. NASA’s Apollo 11 mission succeeded in landing the first humans on the moon on July 20, 1969.
Only 12 people, all men, have ever walked on the moon and they were all Americans, according to Bettina Inclán, NASA̵
“The last person went to the moon in 1972,” Inclán told CNN in a statement. “No woman has ever walked on the lunar surface.”
In December 2017, President Donald Trump signed Space Policy Directive 1, which called on NASA to send humans to the moon for the first time since 1972 for “long-term exploration and use” and missions to other planets.
NASA said it hopes more exploration of the moon will help the United States establish a strategic presence in space and grow its international partnerships.
One billion dollars of the budget will go directly to the development of a commercial human lunar system that takes humans to the surface of the moon, NASA said.
A $ 651 million allocation will be used to support the Orion spacecraft and the rocket that Boeing is building for the lunar mission – called the space launch system or SLS. NASA has already spent at least $ 11.9 billion on SLS, which should be ready in December 2017.
The spacecraft is ready, NASA said, and the nuclear stage and four attached rockets are undergoing final tests to prepare for a “critically hot fire test this fall.”
NASA’s Artemis I mission is about to start in 2021 with two test flights around the moon without astronauts. But NASA plans to send robots with commercial delivery services to “send dozens of new scientific studies and technical demonstrations” to the moon twice in 2021.
Artemis II is scheduled to be launched in 2023 with astronauts on board in preparation for Artemis III to bring astronauts back to the Moon’s surface.
The astronauts will be equipped with modern spacesuits that allow for greater flexibility and movement than the spacesuits used by other astronauts from the Apollo era, and they will be tasked with collecting samples and conducting a “range of scientific experiments for almost seven days.”
The Artemis program will search for and potentially extract resources such as water that can be converted into other useful resources such as oxygen and fuel, and NASA hopes to develop new motion features that will allow astronauts to explore new regions on the moon.
This story was first published on CNN.com. NASA describes the $ 28 billion plan to land the first woman on the moon in 2024