If this proves to be insufficient, the European Commission will ask Member States if they can contribute even more. If the income from the tour is also insufficient, countries may be forced to accept asylum seekers or provide a higher financial contribution. It can only be stopped by a qualified majority of countries, so that a minority cannot block it.
Commissioners Johansson and Schinas want a positive attitude. In previous proposals, the European Commission wanted to impose a fine immediately, now volunteering is crucial. But the jar goes in water until it breaks. “If you are stingy in the first phase, you may eventually become obligated,” said one concerned.
Asylum seekers must be informed within five days of arrival at the borders of the European Union whether they are eligible for asylum or have no chance. They are screened so that their identity can be established. It is also examined whether they pose a health risk.
Then a calculation is applied to the people. If they come from a country where a relatively large number of people have already been granted asylum in the past, they can continue to a reception center in the EU. The European Commission sets the limit at 20%.
If they come from a country where few or no people have been granted asylum before (so less than 20%), they must stay outside the European Union, at the border. Asylum seekers must wait for the procedure there. According to experts, temporary camps will arise there, which may become permanent.
The Netherlands in particular is quite critical of the 20% limit, as this idea was also discussed earlier and it was said at the time that only people from countries where 75% had a chance to get asylum were allowed to continue.
Asked for an answer, CDA MP Jeroen Lenaers said that this was far too low and that it should be much stricter.
There will also be new agreements on the return of rejected asylum seekers. The European Commission wants to take advantage of the special relations that some Member States have with the countries of origin. For example, Spain has a good relationship with Morocco and rejected asylum seekers from the country staying in the Netherlands can be deported to Morocco via Spain.
Frontex must organize return flights where the plane is full of people who have exhausted all legal remedies in the EU. No longer will every country try to deport people, which is happening now.
It is striking that there will be no proposal on legal migration, which was specifically called for by some political parties in the European Parliament. However, a round of consultations begins with citizens and interest groups where everyone can have a say.
The European Commission’s proposal has not yet been discussed by the Member States and the European Parliament has not yet debated it.