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Two Koreas in the Atonement



The carpet is blue, the white armchairs, the oval table. And on the wall represents a panoramic image of Mount Kumgang, a symbol of reunion, cooperation for the whole peninsula. It is here in Panmunj's Peace House in the demilitarized zone (DMZ) that the two Koreans will meet again on Friday for a third meeting, as described historically before they have begun. Since the Army on July 27, 1953, no North leaders had believed the land to the south. This summit comes in an unexpected climate, at the end of an unprecedented diplomatic head to tail (see also page 5). A few months ago, North East Asia was on the brink of a conflict after Kim Jong-ounce nuclear and ballistic tests and Donald Trump's tweeted rantings. And everything has changed. The North has taken the hand that the South has given him for months, the US President has responded to the conversation.

Hope for a "Permanent Peace"

"It is finally the end of assured Libération, and undoubtedly a shadow, the great author and the militant pacifist Hwang Sok-yong. At the moment of the moment, the schoolchildren had to follow the event on the television channels, which will send pictures of the ceremonies planned from morning to evening. A text statement by Pan Jongj? ̵

1; was to be initialed by Kim Jong-un and the southern moon Jae-in after a double discussion and dinner competition.

The third edition of the Korean Reunion is also historical, as it is very different from the previous ones. In June 2000 and again in October 2007, the South Korean presidents Kim Dae-jung (Nobel Peace Prize winner 2000) and the Roh Moo-hyun trip to Pyongyang to meet Kim Jong-il, the father of Kim Jong-un. They had been reunion engines promising unification, humanitarian and family exchanges and lanserin genes of an embryo-crossing partnership with the economic zone in Kaesong.

However, this policy called the solar beam is no longer appropriate, although the current South Korean president, Moon Jae-in, was one of the main pointers eleven years ago. Seoul has chosen to evacuate the economic issue from the discussion table. In order to better focus on the dual urgent of the moment: peace and nuclear power. The first question is the most consensual. Technically still in war, North and South could agree "Establish permanent peace and light tensions" said Thursday's Im Jong Seok, the head of the South Korean president. But what looks like a formality is part of the legal fighter's way. For a peace agreement, in this case, the creation of a bilateral institution and participation of the states in the state of violence, in this case China and the United States, is required. Not to mention the border control issues …

The second question is, the source of all misunderstandings. By the end of March, Pyongyang had taken the lead to elicit "denuclearization" on the peninsula. On Saturday, he announced that he suspended his nuclear test and his shooting of intercontinental ballistic missiles and dismantling his Punggye-ri nuclear test center. But what should Kim and Moon decide? The South Korean president says he favors a "long process" beginning with the freezing of fire

"The summit would be considered a success if we could clearly express the intentions of denuclearization [du Nord] and indicating the complete denukarization of the Korean Peninsula for the next step " declines Im Jong seok. "In addition to the symbols, the warm and welcoming climate in front of the cameras, do not expect too much from the meeting judge by his side Andrey Lankov, Russian historian and specialist at Korea at Kookmin University of Seoul. P ] Yongyang will not get rid of his weapon at any time, and Moon, who does well, has very few cards in hand to make a real decision. South's optimism is surprising. "

Towards a lift of sanctions ?

It is compulsory for Pyongyang to decide to join the discussion table. "They realized that they had an unpredictable US president in front of those who pushed up the pressure. They approached the Russians and American thoughts to ask about Trumps intentions and risks of action." Go Myong-Hyun's analysis of the Asan Institute of Political Studies. The specialists of the Pyongyang regime at the Sejong Institute do not rule out Cheong Seong-chang a dramatic twist. "The new sanctions are likely to create a blockade of the northern economy that is very threatening to the regime. He could decide to exchange the nuclear card against a lifting of sanctions and a peace treaty." A summit that would be real historic.


Arnaud Vaulerin's Messenger in Seoul


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