ETA finished Friday's dissolution process during a "conference" in the form of the resignation ceremony in Cambo les Bains (Pyrénées-Atlantiques), "turning the side" of the last armed insurgency of Western Europe
The background is the beautiful Neo-Basque villa "Arnaga" built in the 20th century by author Edmond Rostand, elected, political and social actors in the two parts of the Basque Country met again on Friday 4 May in Cambo les Bains ( Pyrénées Atlantiques) and published an explanation "to proceed to the conflict resolution in the Basque country". With their international guests, they intend to extend the effective dissolution of ETA, read the day before in Geneva by Josu Urrutikoetxea, one of the leaders of the separatist organization.
A young woman symbolized by Gernika (the city of Biscay) was bombed in 1
Lack of self-criticism
This international summit was set up by Bake Bidea, a peace-based organization based in Bayonne, Social Forum based in Spain's Basque Country and experts from the International Contact Group. They had joined senators, deputies and mayors of the Pyrénées Atlantiques as well as officials from the Basque Autonomous Community and Navarre south of the border. And everyone demanding a new stage after Forum d'Aiete which had October 17, 2011 in San Sebastian, preceded the ETA termination of the armed struggle.
About the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), separatist left (EH Bildu), Podemos took the road to Cambo, other southern formations such as the Socialist Party Party or the Basque Socialist Party (PSOE) branch have marked their distances, as well as the autonomous governments in Euskadi and Navarre, both led by nationalists. The latter consider that ETA's statements about victims are incomplete and without self-criticism. They regret that the actions about its dissolution do not happen south of the Pyrenees (where the most tragic events took place).
"Fruit of Dialogue"
From a variety of backgrounds, the summit has participants close to analyzes. Jean-René Etchegaray, Mayor of the Bayonne UDI and President of the Basque Country Agglomeration, recalled that Aiete's first wish was ETA to stay the armed struggle "and she kept her word" ; the other who says to intervene to achieve peace. Failure to "social dynamics took place which ended on April 8, 2017 with delivery of ETA weapons" . So Arnaga is a new step in the way ahead, he concludes. An opinion that Irishman Gerry Adams raised (making peace is a journey) as Brian Currin from Contact Group: "Resolution is effective, and it's the fruit of the dialogue. Okay, the governments did not go along. The journey is not complete is up to us to build bridges to the victims and prisoners. "
Senator Republicans of the Atlantic Pyrenees, Max Brisson, says: " Atonement in the Basque Country passes through the recognition of all sacrifices, all suffering. on our face, without shadow. Let's think of the children of the victims and the prisoners, so that they do not keep a home of hatred and rancor – from "". Echoing both the 358 "unresolved crimes" condemned by the Covite Victims Association and actions against ETA members in French territory led by the Anti-Terrorist Liberation Groups (GAL) or the 4113 cases of police torture between 1960 and 2014 identified by the Basque government
French side, "We have so far received the approximation of a dozen prisoners in the southwest and we are working on it", welcomes Vincent Bru, MP MoDem and former mayor of Cambo. But the prospects outside the Pyrenees are different with a Spanish political situation marked by the rise of auctions between the People's Party and Ciudadanos.