Donald Trump sent his Vice President Mike Pence to Turkey to rescue a ceasefire from Turkish President Recep Tayyip, who on Wednesday called on the Kurdish forces to drop their weapons and withdraw from northern Syria.
One week to the day after the outbreak, the Turkish offensive against the Kurdish militia of the People's Protection Units (YPG) has already returned the cards in northern Syria, the new episode of the conflict that has torn this country since 2011.
Thanks to an agreement with the Kurdish forces, the Damascus regime has truly returned to regions that have been difficult to capture for several years and Moscow has begun to fill the void left by the US forces.
Washington was heavily criticized for appearing to give a clear signal to the Turkish operation. The US president has since urged Ankara to stop its offensive and sanctioned sanctions against Turkey.
In this context, he decided to send Deputy President Mike Pence and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to Turkey with the mission to secure a firearm. Erdogan will receive them on Thursday.
"Our mission is to see if we can get weapons, see if we can negotiate," Pompeo told reporters before boarding his
According to US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, other US sanctions are being prepared in the event of disagreement.
The US billionaire has still blurred the signals by saying the Wednesday before MM's departure. Pence and Pompeo, that "if Turkey goes to Syria, it is a matter between Turkey and Syria, that is not our problem". "The Kurds are not angels," he added.
With regard to a wave of arms, Erdogan has already ruled out "sitting at the terrorists' table", an expression pointed out by the YPG, arguing that in order for the offensive to cease, the Kurdish forces would have to disarm and retreat.
"Tonight, let all terrorists put down their weapons and equipment, destroy all their fortifications and withdraw from the security zone that we have set," he said.
The stated goal of the Turkish operation is to create a "security zone" with a depth of 32 km along its border, which would separate it from the YPG areas and return some of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees who settled in Turkey.
Ankara considers the YPG as a "terrorist organization" for its links with the Kurdistan Workers & # 39; Party (PKK) a bloody guerrilla war in Turkey.
But Western countries support the YPG militia, which dominates an Arab-Kurdish coalition called the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), for its leading role in the fight against the jihadist Islamic State (IS) organization.
A week after the start of the operation, the fighting continues to rage, especially in Ras al-Ain, a city on the Turkish border where Kurdish fighters are trying to fight back the Ankara forces.
An AFP reporter near Ras al-Ain saw smoke columns rise from the city as the crushing thunder of the Turkish artillery filled the air. To blind Ankara plan, Kurdish fighters burned tires
An SDF official said Kurdish fighters were "ready to fight to the end" in Ras al-Ain. "We have not yet made the attack (…) The real battle has not yet begun," he warned.
Accuses Trump, whose decision to withdraw the US military left the field open for Turkish attack, to betray them, the Kurdish forces demanded the rescue of Damascus, which deployed troops to, among others, Minbej and Ras al-Ain.
Kurdish fighters, backed by Syrian forces, entered a base recently cleared by Americans before the Ankara-backed rebels who wanted to seize it, according to an NGO, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH). 19659002] – Meet Erdogan-Putin –
Take advantage of American withdrawal and to avoid a major confrontation between the Damascus forces and the Turkish military supported by their Syrian counterparts, Russian military police conduct patrol in the Minbej sector, according to Moscow
M. Erdogan, who condemned on Tuesday the "dirty market" closed between the Kurdish forces and the regime of Bashar al-Assad, declared on Wednesday that it did not matter to him "who of the Russians or regime" made "YPG from Minbej". The Kremlin announced on Tuesday that Russian President Vladimir Putin has invited Erdogan to Russia.
The meeting between the two men will take place on October 22 in the resort of Sochi, the presidency said in a statement Wednesday.
In seven days, 71 civilians, 158 FDS combatants and 128 protesters were killed, according to OSDH. Ankara lamented the deaths of six soldiers in Syria as well as 20 civilians by firing rockets by Kurdish fighters in Turkish cities.
In addition, the offensive caused the emigration of 160,000 people in northern Turkey. Syria, according to the UN
In addition, the UN Security Council on Wednesday concerned the "risk of proliferation" of jihadists captured in northeastern Syria, without, however, claiming the end of the Turkish military offensive against the Kurds
Spoke separately to the press, the US ambassador for the UN, Kelly Craft, also insisted on the jihadist danger: "Military offensive by Turkey in northeastern Syria undermines campaign to defeat ISIS, jeopardizes innocent civilians and threatens peace, security and stability in the region."
In Brussels, two Belgian MPs told AFP that two Belgian jihadists imprisoned in northeastern Syria had escaped "in recent days."