According to the latest study by the High Commission for Planning (HCP), total water consumption must be taken into account when planning the UK’s productive economy in order to avoid shortages in this area, which could hinder multi-sectoral activities.
Number 14 in the “Briefs of the Plan” confirms the added value of a broader economic policy that takes into account production criteria for economic actors as well as environmental accounts.
According to the study by the High Commission for Planning, this policy would “make it possible to adopt a more cautious approach to the sectors, as their support could jeopardize the country̵
In this respect, HCP illustrates in “Brefs du Plan” that the country’s economic structure is based on sectors that directly and indirectly consume the largest amounts of water.
The study thus clarified that even the sectors that have achieved low direct consumption per unit produced, namely the food and tobacco industry, the textile and leather industry, other manufacturing industries excluding petroleum refining, hotels and restaurants and financial and insurance activities, make strong use of indirect water.
In addition, the analysis of the indirect water consumption indicator shows that water consumption in the industrial and service sectors has increased significantly.
In fact, the study reveals that the amount of water consumed by the primary sector (agriculture, fishing, mining activities, etc.) is much greater than that consumed by the industrial and service sector, with water consumption of about 9 billion cubic meters per year.
Through these results, HCP shows that agriculture is indeed the largest user of water resources in Morocco, with almost 87.8% of total consumption.
“Agriculture, the food and tobacco industry, trade, hotels and restaurants are the main triggers for water consumption following an increase in final demand corresponding to each sector.” we add from the same source.
In order to better manage total water consumption, the Haut Commissariat au plan recommends developing a calculable general equilibrium model, which is multiregional and makes it possible to understand in detail the relative internal economic mechanisms.