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In Libya, Marshal Khalifa returns the fear of a power vacuum

The strong man in Cyrenaica returned Thursday Benghazi after two weeks hospital stay in Paris. His absence was the fear of peacekeepers in his camp.

His hospital stay and the silence that followed for two weeks had thrown the tension in Libya, where rumors about his legacy were packed. Marshal Khalifa Haftar, ruler of Cyrenaica and head of the Libyan National Army (ANL) finally returned on Thursday, April 26, Benghazi, the metropolitan region of Eastern Libya as he made his capital. He was hospital on April 11 in a Parisian hospital for cardiac complications.

Ages 75, where Haftar, the central protagonist in the efforts to resolve the Libyan crisis, welcomed ANL's generals on the asphalt at Benghazi Airport, as his camp prepares to celebrate the fourth anniversary of the military campaign "Karama" (dignity ) launched in spring 201

4 against armed Islamist groups in this region. Dressed in a black suit and tie and smile, Mr. Haftar showed an apparently ill health that radically insulted the most upset speculation that he was dead or unable. The apparently intentional lack of any photo or video document confirming his medical recovery has contributed to the dissemination of incorrect data.

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The absence of Marshal Haftar exposes uncertainties about the future of Libya

Marshal's return to Benghazi puts an end to the confusion that had settled in his own camp, influenced by the prospect of a sequel crisis. Bilbom attack attacked near Benghazi on April 18, Abdulrazzak Al-Nazuri, ANL's Human Resource Manager, illustrated the risk of a power vacuum. In the diplomatic chancellors, especially the western, the worry is to see Cyrenaica switch to fratricidal confrontations real.

Very powerful personality in eastern Libya, but animated by national ambitions, Haftar incarnates a current militarist and authoritative United Nations and European capitals had to contend, especially after winning the oil center (the main Libyan crude oil export platform) the fall 2016. Haftar is strongly supported by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)

A political military configuration in question

Since a year ago, Ghassan Salamé, Head of UN Support Mission, joined Libya (Manul), multiplied the commuters to try to get closer to the views between Haftar and Faïez Sarraj, Head of the "National Agreement ", established at T ripoli (West) and supported by the international community. Marshal Haftar has always refused to acknowledge the legitimacy of Sarraj's government, which he considers to be illegal and supported by simple "milis" .

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In Libya, the strategic challenge of the approach between the rival cities Zintan and Misrata

million. Salamé tries to solve this fracture between Libyan West and East by trying, first and foremost, reuniting their respective military institutions. His plan contains future legislative and presidential elections, originally planned for this year, in order to restore the legitimacy of a reunited power.

The major issue that now arises by handing back is the political-military configuration on its own. Will the latter be unharmed from the episode, while the rumors about the health of the hospital-made marshal could release unprecedented aspirations so far? In particular, it will be necessary to monitor the development of the relationship between Haftar and Aguila Saleh, Parliament's Speaker (elected in June 2014), which was expelled to Tobruk in the wake of the Civil War's outbreak in 2014 between the Marshal's NNA Haftar and the dominant military block in Tripolitania (West) where the Islamists exercised a significant influence. Mr Saleh has long been an insignificant supporter of Haftar, but their relationship has deteriorated in recent months.

Another uncertainty lies in the alliance's future that Haftar had formed with the great tribes of Cyrenaica, especially with that of Awagir showing historical claims in the city of Benghazi. The relations between Awagir and Haftar's spinal cord, from the Ferjani strain – originally from Tripolitania – had deteriorated in 2017. Finally, Haftar managed to control his Salafist allies called "madkhalist" (no jihadists), become influential in Cyrenaica to play a role as a moral police who is very obsessive, will weigh on the political-military landscape of this region.

A lack of communication harmful

Was it more clear in his own camp that Marshal Haftar refused to send any testimony of his true state of health during his hospital stay? Although it would have been easy for him to kill the rumor by responding positively to media inquiries, which failed, or by allowing his communications services to send images or video recordings confirming the improvement of his health, M Haftar chose a long silence

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Marshal Haftar, stronger in Libya, in hospital in Paris

" He wanted to let the image clear to see who was strong and who was weak " trusted World one of his relatives who met him in Paris three days after his hospital stay. The Marshal's communication strategy made it possible to ask for the "after-hafts" issue in Libya for the first time. The episode will obviously cover the track.

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