Home / World / Four mass graves dating from the 1994 genocide discovered in Rwanda

Four mass graves dating from the 1994 genocide discovered in Rwanda

These macabre discoveries are just a few days after the celebration of the infamous event. Four mass graves containing at least 200 bodies were discovered in a town outside Kigali. The information, which fell on Thursday, comes from the director of the Rwandan genocide's memorial.

The moment is certainly not well chosen for such discoveries. Only days after the memory of the worst massacre ever committed in Rwanda (April to July 1994), four mass graves were discovered last Sunday in the village of Rusororo.

The villages, dug for several days, had to descend to some 20 meters below ground level to track the remains of the unfortunate victims. Obviously, the bans have gone a long way to conceal the remains of their iniquities.

The bodies in Rusororo will not be the last one found.

Honore Gatera, Head of the Rwandan Genocide's Remembrance: "Hiding the bodies was one of the ways used to erase traces of the genocide committed. The bodies of Rusororo will not be the last ones found." ]

For Gatera, these macabre discoveries are not a surprise. He also adds that the discovered remains will be planted in one place "worthy" . The goal is that relatives of the victims should be able to hire them, which many survivors have not been able to do since 1


As such, relatives of victims have also tried to recognize their bodies during Sunday's growing up. To achieve this, they relied on clothes found on human remains drawn from the mass grave.

Ibuka is the largest organization of survivors from the Rwandan genocide. According to her, the 200 or so bodies discovered the 3000 people in a group that was put and massacred in Rusororo during the genocide. According to the official version, their bodies have never been found before.

The Rwandan Genocide, led by members of the extremist Hutu regime (at the time of power) caused the death of less than 800,000 people. Other sources mention the number of one million deaths, mostly Tustis (minority in Rwanda). Moderate Hutus is also among the victims

The Rwandan genocide, an evil incubated by an old ash

In 1894, Rwanda was conquered by Germany. Later in 1916, towards the end of World War I, the Belgians were right for the Germans who managed to reject this coveted territory and occupy the sites. Finally, on July 1, 1962, the former colony acquires its independence.

But we have to go back to the pre-colonial period to understand the concepts of Hutu, Tutsi and Twas. They are actually clans, not ethnic groups. All three clans share the same language, Kinyarwanda and observe rituals in common. But among the Rwandans, especially the pre-colonial era, you do not mix ", the marriage is made by people of the same" throw. "

It is the arrival of colonizers that will deeply raise the habits of the Rwandans, as in many other colonies of the African Hutus are farmers, Tutsis, herders and Twas, craftsmen. But this throwing system was not stiff. It was possible to change the social group

The first settlers, the Germans, classify Rwandans according to very specific characteristics, activities and physical appearance. In the end, the colonizers conclude that Tutsi (minority) is superior to Hutus and as a consequence is in some way born to dominate them. This attitude of the settler will sow the seed of visceral hat that divides the two groups to this day.

In 1962, when Rwanda became independent, Hutus was angry. They consider themselves to be marginalized and demand a position staganden in the new government. After a rumor of death by a Hutu, Tutsier is a victim of a hunt. They are massacred and the survivors have to fly their country, being foreigners, most of them in neighboring countries. Gregoire Kayibanda, a Hutu, takes power. The first Hutu Republic was born, but it does not end with the addictions committed to the tutors

The Assassin of Habyarimana, the triggering element of the people

It is 1973 as Juvénal Habyarimana (also Hutu), when defenders come to power through a bargain . He assumes a less rigid policy than Grégoire Kayibanda. But Tutsis is still affected by the abundance of Hutu's power; Only 10% of Tutsi can learn and work.

Finally, Tutsi and Hutu organized marginalized and relocated in Uganda and established the Rwandan Patriotic Front RPF ) in 1990. RPF launched an armed attack against northern Rwanda, but President Habyarimana (assisted by France, Belgium and DRC ) eventually repelled the attackers.

But in 1992 the tide and the opposition turned the general election. On the evening of April 6, 1994, Juvénal Habyarimana, Burundi President Cyprien Ntaryamira and several senior officials from Rwanda and Burundi were murdered when the plane that transported them was shot down when they landed at Kigali Airport. . The aircraft, a Falcon 50, is being hit by air by a flight missile.

This is the trigger for what will be called the Rwandan genocide. In fact, in the aftermath of the murders of the Rwandan President (assassination that has never been enlightened), the government's moderate elements are equally settled by Hutu extremists. Among these victims, Rwandan Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana, a moderate Hutu, was killed.

Tutsi populations, mostly civilians, as well as moderate Hutus who opposed genodics, were later killed. These crimes have often been extremely violent.

France's responsibility and UN's inaction in the Rwandan hell in 1994 are still being discussed. Accused of pro-Kagame about planning death of President Juvenal Habyarimana and then orchestrating the genocide that followed, Hexagon has always denied the facts.

Source link