One week to the day after the outbreak, the Turkish offensive against the Kurdish Militia (YPG) of the People's Protection Units has already thrown cards in northern Syria, the new episode of the conflict that has torn this country apart since 2011.
Thanks to an agreement with the Kurdish forces, the regime has indeed returned to regions that had been difficult to capture for several years and Moscow began to fill the void left by the US forces.
Washington was heavily criticized in Washington for appearing to give green light to the Turkish operation. The US president has since urged Ankara to stop its offensive and sanctioned sanctions against Turkey.
In this context, Trump decided to send his Vice President Mike Pence and his Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to Turkey with the mission to secure a ceasefire. Mr Erdogan must receive them on Thursday.
The US billionaire still has blurred signals by stating Wednesday, before MM's departure. Pence and Pompeo, that "if Turkey goes to Syria, it is a matter between Turkey and Syria, that is not our problem". "The Kurds are not angels," he added.
With regard to a ceasefire, Mr Erdogan has already ruled out "sitting at the table of terrorists", an expression of the YPG, arguing that in order for the offensive to cease, it would be necessary for Kurdish forces to disarm and retreat.
"Immediately, tonight, all terrorists put down their weapons and equipment, destroy all their fortifications and withdraw from the security zone that we have set," he said.
The stated goal of the Turkish operation is to create a "security zone" 32 km deep along its border, which would separate it from the YPG areas and repatriate some of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees settled in Turkey.
Battle of Ras al-Ain
Ankara considers the YPG as a "terrorist organization" for its links with the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which supplies bloody guerrilla war in Turkey.
But Western countries support the YPG militia, which dominates an Arab-Kurdish coalition known as the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) for its leading role in the fight against the Islamic State (jihadist organization).
A week after the start of the operation, the fighting continues to rage, especially in Ras al-Ain, a city on the Turkish border where Kurdish fighters try to fight back the attack from the Ankara forces.
An AFP reporter near Ras al-Ain saw smoke columns rise from the city as the overwhelming thunderstorm from the Turkish artillery filled the air. To blind Ankaras aircraft, the Kurdish fighters burned tires.
An SDF official said the Kurdish warriors were "ready to fight to the end" in Ras al-Ain. "We have not yet made the attack (…) The real battle has not yet begun," he warned.
Accused Trump, whose decision to withdraw American soldiers left the field open to the Turkish attack, to betray them, the Kurdish forces demanded the rescue of Damascus, which deployed troops to Minbej and Ras al-Ain, among others.
Kurdish fighters, backed by Syrian forces, entered a base recently emptied by the Americans, ahead of the Ankara-backed rebels who wanted to seize it, according to an NGO, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. man (OSDH).
Taking advantage of the withdrawal of the Americans and to avoid a major confrontation between the Damascus forces and the Turkish military with the support of their Syrian counterparts, the Russian military police is conducting a patrol in the Minbej sector, according to Moscow.
million. Erdogan, who condemned on Tuesday the "dirty market" closed between the Kurdish forces and the regime of Bashar al-Assad, declared on Wednesday that it did not matter to him "who from the Russians or from the regime" made "YPG from Minbej".
The Kremlin announced on Tuesday that Russian President Vladimir Putin had invited Erdogan to Russia. The latter indicated that he would go "very likely".
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In addition, the offensive caused an exodus of 160,000 people in northern Syria, according to the UN.
In addition, the United Nations Security Council on Wednesday worried about the "risk of proliferation" of jihadists captured in northeastern Syria, without, however, demanding the Turkish military offensive towards the Kurds.
In Brussels, two Belgian deputies told AFP that two Belgian jihadists imprisoned in northeastern Syria had escaped "the last days".