Who is Blaise DIAGNE?
He was born on October 13, 1872 in Gorée, son of Niokhor Diagne and Gnagna Antoine Preira. Contrary to what is said regularly, on October 14, 1872, he gave his father Niokhor him the name "Blaise", as evidenced by his birth certificate, which was established on Monday, October 14, 1872 at 7:30. which is on page 57 of the following link:
He worked successively in Dahomey (1892-1897), in Gabon (1897-1898), where he established a strong friendship with the honorable Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba, Senegal (1
In 1914, he became the first black African to be elected to the French National Assembly and will be there for five legislators from 1914 to 11 May 1934, the day of his death.
In 1920, in 1924 he was elected Mayor of Dakar. He is still the first black-African elected mayor of the city of Dakar.
He was also a governor. From January 26, 1931 to February 19, 1932, he worked as:
Republic of France's commissioner in France
Commissioner-General of the Black Troops of the French Republic
Chairman of the Colonial Committee of the Alternate Chamber,
State Secretary for the colonies of the French Republic's governments in three consecutive cabins. Let's note that with him, for the first time in France, a black man has joined the high ministerial functions, he had only 59 years and 17 years' legislative mandate
Member of the Trans-Saharan French Committee, which was a project to establish a railway system from Dakar to Tangier
During his and her sixty two years, Blaise Diagne described himself in his life as an official, politician and citizen.
Under all the laws he has to live "he knew he was a black deputy and represented more than the four municipalities in Senegal, but a whole race and a whole policy." Delavignette testified that "until his death he held the mandate to defend and illustrate the blacks of Africa."
Blaise Diagne fought through his military obligations to get political rights in favor of Africans. Ten years later, in his political will, he delivered these words on July 11, 1927: "It is permissible for all the minds to consider that one day comes when the black races in full maturity can be dear ones of their fate. But with a background of education that will have made them such a mentality that a sense of close solidarity will be between you and them. "
On April 4, 1960, Senegal will achieve its independence and until today, thirty-three later after such a declaration, let us note that there is close solidarity between the Senegalese and the French. He contributed strongly. He was the protector of his ex-president Léopold Sédar Senghor, the first president of Senegal and the outstanding judge Isaac Foster, the first president of the Supreme Court of Senegal, who was a judge at the International Court of The Hague
The Vision and Method of the Man
He was insulted by the behavior of some officials whom he condemned in the columns of the newspaper "La France Coloniale" about a building contract of the Touba mosque that "it is a matter of not accepting that European or domestic officials use or abuse their administrative position in order to earn money, even with the voluntary compassion or not by some leaders who do not have the uninterested or the moral height of serigne Amadou Bamba ". Such remarks earned him an attempt in assizes. He came out acquitted.
His intervention, in the deputies, about the injustice that Battling Siki suffered from his victory against Carpenter shows enough resistance to injustice, and he explained that I quote: "… Of two boxers, one black, the other white, it does not suit me, It is not my dignity to choose. What I defend and what I intend to defend is the point of view of justice … The intervention I do here is a conscience to me – I would have done for a white boxer too – I'll do it for the black the boxer less because it's interesting in itself than because I'm forbidden to support injustice. "
In the case of the Colonial Fact, January 30, 1930, he declared that I cited: "I am essentially even those who acknowledge that the traditional policy in France …. can only find its final conclusion in the unity of both concepts and doctrine and in the unity of the soul between the metropolitan region of France and the people or races spread across our overseas domain.
By saying that, in my opinion, the colonization period is unanimous, I must add that every native character must be respected in its line, in its traditions and in its habits. "
The second Pan-African congress was led by Blaise Diagne, assisted by his lieutenants Lamine Gueye and Amadou Dugay Clédor, in the presence of many supporters of Garvey and WEB Du Bois. Congress insisted on the idea of racial equality as the basis for which national self-determination can be built. Diagnosis opposes Garvey's supporters of a black multinational community driven by black foreign to Africa. He says that "isolating the black breed and letting it work for its own development is a ridiculous profession". For his part, "it is not appropriate to compromise with an unnecessary ruthless gesture, a fair cause" and he proposed setting up a parliamentary representation of all the "non-native Native" government of the colonial empire, which will be stated in the Constitution on 27 October 1946, which gives citizens the quality to all citizens of overseas territories.
His vision is summarized in what he explains: "It is permissible for every reason to think that one day comes when it is full ripe, the black races will control their destiny."
The descendants of Blaise DIAGNE?
Blaise Diagne had 5 children.
His eldest son Alassane was born out of wedlock.
His second son, General Inspector Adolphe Diagne, the first Black Director General of the French Army, benefited from the following decorations:
Companion of Liberation
Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor
Grand Cross of the French Merit
Commander of the Senegal Lion's National Order
War Cross with Palm 1939-1945
Medals of the wounded
Medal of the fighter
Foreign and African medals
He is, on behalf of Senegal and Jean Colin, in the French name who signed the transfer of the Main Hospital in Senegal.
Raoul Diagne, third son of Blaise Diagne, becomes the first black player, in France and Europe, to be chosen in a national team. Until 1940, with the name "Black Diamond", he wears the tricked thirteen eighteen times. He was a coach of Senegal's countryside and also in the Gorée Sports Union.
His career as a player completed, he passes his coaching diploma and takes Belgium's leadership to take his first step in his new role. He is responsible for the Flemish club KSV Oudenaarde 1949-1950, since Gallia Sports of Algiers who won the North African championship on June 17, 1951.
Senegal coach in the national team in the early 1960's was Raoul Diagne in the post of Senegal's victory at Friendship Games in Dakar in 1963 and signed the first Senegal victory against the team in France on a score of 2 goals to zero.
The father of Senegalese football died at the age of 92 on November 12, 2002 and was buried in Creteil, France. The Senegalese authorities paid him a living tribute.
His fourth son, Roland, an employee of the Overseas Railways, will finish his career at the Régie des Chemin de Fer du Sénégal. He is the founder of GDR and President of the Republic of Guinea.
His daughter Sophie died at the age of 8 years of meningitis, a test that will affect huge Blaise Diagne and, as my father says, will reduce her life for twenty years.
The end of his life
On 6 July 1933 one can remember these words from their last speech, and so many values of value: "The time has come to resist learning." These are the circumstances that lead us and when we are lucky enough to pre-empt them we hurry … "Blaise Diagne died poor, despite the attacks and the pain, of which characters are often the object. Calumny and attacks that continue today. But we his descendants retain from him a man of values and principles; a man in love with justice and who maintains as a principle of differentiation between men only their intelligence and in no way the color of their skin, their religion or their origin.
At his death, he held 250 titles of land marked with a note stating: "It would have been wrong for me not to accept them but dishonest to match them. Please return them to the legitimate owners.
We can not share his vision, his politics, and God knows he had many opponents among whom we can mention Garang Kouyate, Lamin Arfan Senghor, Marcus Garvey and many others. Let us, however, acknowledge the conviction of ideas, honesty in his actions, humility in his actions, humanity and especially his contribution to giving back to the black race and all Africans, from Algeria to Madagascar, from Dakar to Nairobi, his pride
Alassane Blaise Diagne