Belem, a 23-year-old woman, died alone under a bridge in Mexico City. She got depression after she was separated from her son at birth. He never received support from the government to take care of his mental health or to overcome his poverty situation.
He started living on the street at the age of 16 and before that he was in a home for eight years. No one could contact his family when he died, because he never wanted to talk about his past. Since no one could claim his body, he was buried in the mass grave.
According to the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), Belem spent his entire life without protection from the Mexican state, and there was no institution that could guarantee your right to life, health and to have a home. Their case is not exceptional, although there are no official records of the number of women living on the streets, their deaths and their causes, as no authority identifies them.
"The diagnosis of living conditions, the exercise of human rights and public policies available to women constituting the street population 201
Short life without rights
Since childhood, Martha Verónica has lived on the street at Plaza de la Soledad with her parents, he was a mother of fifteen and now when his son turned four he decided to process his identity documents to register him in a kindergarten, his account, women struggling to regain their lives
But the process of processing their documents was not simple, smooth or free. took three months to arrange and had to pay almost two thousand pesos to get their birth certificate. With that you can process there t voter card, register your child and go to school. His case is also not unique.
According to the CNDH report, one of the most important rights that female members of street people cannot exercise is identity, since at least one in four does not have a birth certificate, CURP and / or voter.
This lack of documents affects the exercise of other rights, such as access to health care services, health, education, registration of their children, shelters, justice, all work or the benefits of social programs, as the testimonials prepared by the Agency point out .
According to CNDH's analysis, the right to life, which means that all possible rights are guaranteed, is usually the most violated female members. of street populations, whose lifespan is 28 years, when the rest of the female population in the country is 79 years.
Women's life on the street is shortened by preventive situations, e.g. therefore, the Commission recommended that local and federal governments record the socio-economic situation of the street population in order to obtain a general diagnosis and strengthen measures in favor of it.
Women living on the streets are subjected to double discrimination for not having a home and for not following gender stereotypes of housework or raising children in private spaces, according to CNDH research. women, "insurmountable addicts, unsuitable to be mothers, irresponsible, ignorant and dangerous."
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The Commission documented this was reflected in the denial of services by public officials, mainly in health institutions, "Because they are interpreted as a lost cause or they deserve to be punished. "
He also found that there was a distinction between mothers and children at birth, without giving women opportunities to have them, and that they experienced threats and psychological violence from the authorities.
"The withdrawal of infants, as well as the internment of mothers or threats and psychological violence, have become a common practice in the assumption of performing functions performed by the authorities, hiding discrimination and gender stereotypes, since women are understood to be suitable only if they cover a series. moral and economic demands, "the report explains.
Poverty and social cleansing
Through surveys, CNDH found that the major problems faced by female members of street people in Mexico City, Guadalajara, Puebla, Acapulco and Tijuana are poverty, to
In Mexico City, various strategies have been implemented to remove street people from public spaces, within the framework of the Space Rescue Program, from the Pope's visit or through the discretionary application of the Civil Culture Act, the Commission notes.  Women living on the streets of that mexi perhaps the capital, which represents 27% of this population, is in poverty and two out of ten have been discriminated against.
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In Guadalajara, Jalisco, he found social cleansing records in 2011, in celebration of the Pan American Games , when street populations were removed from the city's first square.
In Puebla, CNDH explained that social cleansing was manifested through programs of more social enhancement of space and marketing of tourism.
In the case of Tijuana, Baja California, it noted that public policies to promote tourism were accompanied by social cleansing strategies and abuse rehabilitation centers were used to "eliminate young people, finance death groups."
In Acapulco, Guerrero, the Commission indicated that the implementation of tourism programs and the improvement of public spaces thrown out of the street, through "citizen patrol."  In addition to these situations, the agency found that none of these states, or the federal government, has social programs that serve women in the street, who are more at risk.
CNDH concluded its analysis that the state has not implemented measures that favor people's social, political and economic integration living in public space, especially women, with whom the guarantee of their right to housing, among other things, awaits.  For the Commission, it is important that institutions at all levels of government also receive training in raising awareness of the care of street people, so that non-discriminatory acts are not committed and / or the enjoyment of their rights to access public services.
He also called on non-governmental organizations, companies, authorities and the media "to take concerted and coordinated measures to establish a mechanism with sufficient human and material resources to coordinate the various levels of care and ensure access to services for female members of street people, to ensure that they do not die for preventive reasons. "
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