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Fairs are swelling. Last week, the US registered 90 cases, making the year's outbreak the second largest in more than two decades.
So far this year, the United States has confirmed 555 measles cases, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, announced Monday. It is 50 percent higher than the total number registered last year, even though we are only about a quarter of the way up to 2019.
And the virus does not slow down.
"The number of cases is accelerating," said Dr. Amanda Cohn, a senior adviser to the CDC vaccines. The majority of the new cases are linked to outbreaks in New York, says Cohn.
"This is a very big outbreak," she says. brass everywhere in these societies. that parents vaccinate their children, or they may receive a $ 1,000 fine.
The CDC pointed to four other sites with ongoing outbreaks in the United States: Clark County, Wash. Oakland County, Mich.; and a handful of California counties.
Health managers say there are two main reasons for the virus's surplus: more international travel and lower vaccination rates.
Several countries around the world are currently experiencing massive measles outbreaks. Madagascar has recorded more than 100,000 cases since the fall, with more than 1,200 deaths. Ukraine has registered about 37,000 cases this year. And the European Union counts 1000 cases a month.
Globally, the World Health Organization reports that measles cases in the first quarter of 2019 almost quadrupled from those reported at this time last year.
More American families bring measles home after traveling abroad, says Cohn. And when the disease lands stateside, it has a better chance of gaining a foothold because the vaccination rates in some places have fallen below 93 to 95 percent, the threshold being required to protect the entire community.
"When you make the decision not to vaccinate your child, please understand that you also make that decision for the people around your child," said New York City Deputy Mayor of Health and Human Services, Herminia Palacio, at the NPR on Wednesday.
Fairs can be an extremely serious illness. About 25 percent of infected children are hospitalized. About 10 percent of children develop ear infections, which can cause permanent hearing damage. In about 1 in 1000 cases, the infection becomes life-threatening. In these cases, the virus moves to the brain and causes encephalitis and convulsions. Children can be left deaf, blind or with intellectual disabilities – if they recover.
Before the development of measles vaccine in the 1960s, the United States registered nearly half a million cases each year, the CDC says. Approximately 48,000 children were hospitalized and about 500 people died each year.
"We eliminated measles from this country in 2000 and … I think we eliminated the memory of that virus," Paul Offit of Children's Hospital in Philadelphia told the NPR's Sunday issue. "People don't remember how sick it could make you."