Home / Health / Is depression genetic? Here's what experts have to say

Is depression genetic? Here's what experts have to say



If your parent or sibling had depression, you might be worried that you will have it too. Or maybe you are worried that because you had depression, you will send it to your child. Anyway, you may be wondering: Is depression genetic?

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1

.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses in United States. About one in six adults will have depression at some point in their lives, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. . Anyone can get depressed, regardless of age, gender, race or background. " -reactid = "19"> Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses in the United States. About one in six adults will have depression at some point in their lives, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Anyone can get depressed, regardless of age, gender, race or background.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "There is evidence that depression can occur in families, suggesting that genetic factors contribute to the risk of developing depression, says Natalie Dattilo, PhD, director of psychology services at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Health . However, research is in the early stages and Much is still unknown about the genetic basis of the condition. Studies indicate that variations in many genes rather than a single gene are combined to increase the risk of developing depression. " data-reactid = "20"> There is evidence that depression can occur in families, suggesting that genetic factors contribute to the risk of developing depression, says Natalie Dattilo, Ph.D., psychologist at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston Health . However, research is in the early stages, and much is still unknown about the genetic basis of the condition. Studies suggest that variations in many genes rather than a single gene are combined to increase the risk of developing depression.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " RELATED: 12 types of depression, and what you need to know about each "data-reactid =" 21 "> RELATED: 12 types of depression and what you need to know about each

<p class =" canvas- atom canvas text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm "type =" text "content =" Depression does not have a clear inheritance pattern in families, according to National Institutes of Health [19459006Itistruethatpeoplewhohaveafirst-degreerelative(suchasaparentorsibling)withdepressionaretwotothreetimesmorelikelytodeveloptheconditionOntheotherhandmanywhodevelopdepressiondonothaveafamilyhistoryofthediseaseandmanypeoplewithanaffectedrelativeneverdevelopit"data-reactid="22">DepressiondoesnothaveaclearinheritancepatterninfamiliesaccordingtoNationalInstituteofHealthItistruethatpeoplewhohaveafirst-degreerelative(suchasaparentorsibling)withdepressionaretwotothreetimesmorelikelytodeveloptheconditionOntheotherhandmanypeoplewhodevelopdepressiondonothaveafamilyhistoryofthedisorderandmanypeoplewithanaffectedrelativeneverdevelopit

Depression can be caused by a number of factors, says Dattilo. "When I work with people to help them understand where their depression came from, we think about it from a biopsychosocial perspective," she says. "It's biological, psychological and social. All these things have to be taken into account."

For some people, depression can largely be biological, which means they inherited the propensity for the condition, says Dattilo. The biological component of the biopsychosocial (BSP) model looks at how things like genetic vulnerability, physical health, and gender affect mood. The psychological component focuses on self-esteem, clear skills and emotionality. And the social component describes family situations, socioeconomic status, equality relations and level of education, among others. Any of these can contribute to the risk of developing depression.

Having a family history with the condition can also increase the risk because children can learn the way of thinking from the people around them, says Dattilo. If a child witnesses a parent or sibling battling depression, it is possible that they may develop a pessimistic outlook on life, which is a risk factor for depression. "Your outlook on life can be greatly influenced by the people you spent a lot of time with," she says, "and it can shape your outlook on the world and how you expect things to be."

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " RELATED: How you know if your bad mood is actually depression "data-reactid =" 26 "> RELATED: How to know if your bad mood is really depression

<p class =" canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm "type =" text "content =" Since family history can contribute to depression in more ways than one, it is important to be aware if you do have family members Laura Honos-Webb, PhD, author of Listening to Depression tells Health that those who have a family history should try to pay extra attention to their own mood. Understanding what your normal m ood is like and being able to adapt to any changes is key. If you notice a change, even if it is minor e, you can consider seeking help. "Be proactive and protective," Honos-Webb recommends. "Data-reactid =" 27 "> Since family history can contribute to depression in more ways than one, it is important to be aware that you have family members who have struggled with Laura Honos-Webb, PhD, author of Listening to Depression tells Health that those who have a family history should try to pay extra attention to their own mood, an understanding of what your normal mood is and being attuned to any changes is key. "Although pro-active and protective," Honos-Webb recommends,

be aware of how family members with depression were treated and how they responded to that treatment. " better inform your doctor about the treatments that are most effective for you, "Dattilo says, explaining that family members often respond in the same way as the same treatments.

smile anyone w can a family member struggling with depression be worried? Dattilo doesn't necessarily say, but they should be aware. Depression can be caused by several factors, and many people with an affected relative never develop the disorder. It's something to think about – but don't worry too much.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " To have our top stories delivered to your inbox, sign up for Healthy Living newsletter "data-reactid =" 30 "> To get our top stories delivered to your inbox, sign up for Healthy Living newsletter


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