Foreign Minister S Jaishankar said that the relationship with Pakistan remains "difficult" because it is openly practicing terrorism against India, and if Islamabad seriously cooperates with New Delhi, it should surrender the Indians for terrorist activities living in Pakistan.
In a comprehensive interview with the French daily Le Monde, the minister said that Pakistan does not deny sending terrorists to India.
"The relationship has been difficult for many years, mainly because Pakistan has developed an important terrorist industry and is sending terrorists to India to carry out attacks. Pakistan itself does not deny this situation, "he said, in response to a question about Pakistan's Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi's recent statement that relations with India are" close to zero. "
"Say now: which country would be willing to talk and negotiate with a neighbor who openly practices terrorism against it … We need measures that show a genuine willingness to cooperate.
“For example, there are Indians who want terrorists living in Pakistan. We tell Pakistan: hand them over to us, ”he said in a clear reference to criminals like the underworld Don Dawood Ibrahim, who is believed to be hiding in Pakistan.
Dawood, originally from Dongri in Mumbai, is wanted for murder, blackmail, targeted killing, drug trafficking, terrorism and various other cases. His name was calculated in the United Nations Security Council's updated list of terrorists and militant groups 201
On the situation in Kashmir, Jaishankar said "the reforms" in August, when India recalled Article 370 to withdraw the region's special status, led to some precautions to avert the danger of violent reactions from radical and separatist elements, but that the situation now returns to normal. “These restrictions have gradually been reduced and when the situation is normalized, telephone and mobile lines have been restored, stores are open and apple harvesting is ongoing. The situation is back to normal, ”he said, adding that foreign journalists would be welcome to the region as soon as things are safe.
On the question of the tide of "nationalism" in India, Jaishankar reiterated that India's nationalism should not be considered through the Western lens.
"Each country has a different understanding of nationalism, a different history. In the United States, it has an isolationist connotation. In Asia, at least in India, nationalism is a positive word, "he said.
On a question related to tensions resulting from nationalism for minorities, he reiterated:" It is my country that defines my nationality, not my religion and not rather my caste or my language.
"The concept of the nation is different. In India, we are in a way a civilization state with natural, linguistic, ethnic and religious diversity. We have never considered uniformity as a necessity or an ambition. There are few places in the world where you will see so many people with so many beliefs that exist. “In the interview that covered a wide range of topics, from India-China relations to India and the US, the Foreign Minister was categorical about India's growing importance in a world where power will be spread more widely across a range of actors.
“We are in a completely different world. We tend to regard the bipolar world after 1945 and the American world after 1992 as the norm. But look at the history of the world. Things change, nothing is engraved in stone. This world will be different, power will spread more, there will be more actors, "he said.
When asked if Europe would be such an actor, he noted that India would be for it.
" We is a deeply democratic country … in a democratic world, Europe must have a bigger role, he said.
About India and China, the minister said that both countries had a common interest in making the world more inclusive and rebalancing the world requires rebalancing with Asia and in Asia, which mainly covers India and China.
"We are two big countries and it is in our mutual interest to have good relationships," he said.