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Gun control laws in New Zealand are reviewed after the Christchurch massacre

Until Friday, the largest massacre in the country's history happened 30 years ago, when a man named David Gray went on a sliding ramp and killed 13 people.

After the attack, the nation's arms laws – which were first passed in 1983 – came under scrutiny. The subsequent debate led to an amendment from 1993 on the regulation of semi-automatic firearms in military style.

Despite the legislation, New Zealand's arms legislation is considered more relaxed than most western countries outside the United States. Gun owners need a license, but they are not required to register their weapons – unlike in neighboring Australia.

While authorities do not know exactly how many legally or illegally owned firearms are currently circulating in New Zealand, the figure is estimated to set up about 1

.2 million, according to the New Zealand Police. This figure is roughly equivalent to a third-party gun – a rate considered high compared to Australia, which has 3.15 million guns, about one in eight people.

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As mentioned, gun-related deaths are still relatively low in New Zealand. The number of acts of violence per year for the decade up to 2015 was in dozens, according to figures compiled by the University of Sydney. This corresponded to an annual rate of about one death per 100,000 people – in contrast to the United States, which had 12 deaths per 100,000 people in 2017.
Potential gun owners in New Zealand must be over 16 years of age and pass a Sydney police background check Morning Herald.

Weapons legislation in Australia

Weapons laws in Australia were tightened after a media in 1996 where 35 people were killed by a lone gunman in Port Arthur, Tasmania. Within two weeks, Australian lawmakers banned rapid firearms and shotguns and introduced tighter laws governing the ownership of other weapons. New applicants must undergo thorough background checks and present a "justified cause" for ownership – with self-defense not applicable.

The laws have had a dramatic impact on the frequency of mass shootings, as well as murder. Over the years after the Port Arthur massacre, the risk of dying with shots in Australia fell by over 50% – and stayed there. A 2012 study by Andrew Leigh of Australian National University and Christine Neill of Wilfrid Laurier University also found the two nationwide, federally funded gun buybacks and voluntary firearms repurchases led to a nearly 80% reduction in suicide rates over the next decade. 19659012] Using these measures, Australia collected and destroyed more than a million firearms, perhaps one third of the national stock, according to Professor Philip Alpers of the University of Sydney, editor of gunpolicy.org. The national government also banned the import of new automatic and semi-automatic weapons. And the repurchase was paid with a special one-off tax on all Australians.

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New Zealand police support pistols

New Zealand police officers are not routinely armed, but recent figures suggest more officers are positive to wearing weapons.

A 2017 survey from New Zealand Police Associated showed that 66% of its members support armed officials, according to TVNZ.

That figure has increased significantly for a decade ago, when 48% of officers supported general upgrading in 2008.

New Zealand also has a low murder rate, with a total of 35 murders in 2017 – fewer than the number of people who died in Friday's double mosque attack.

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