A tragic and unknown for most of the history that took place during the first years after the end of the Second World War was Nikos Akrigoyannis. An ambitious young man who believed he was performing a national duty raised a real suicide mission in Albania in 1952. The sequel was dramatic: arrest, imprisonment, torture and final enforcement two years later.
His case is also directly linked to another, dark history of that time, the "Aviation Trial".
The adventures of Nikos Akrigoyiannis in Albania have been unknown for more than 50 years, not only to the public but also to the Greek governments themselves. It was complete confusion if he or she died. In recent years, Stavros G. Dagios, a doctorate at the History and Archeology Department at Aristotle's University in Thessaloniki, has led to shocking elements, mainly through searches in the Albanian archives. All this is presented in his book "Nikos Akrigoyiannis and Aeroporos", which is the basic source of our current article.
The Greek-Albanian Relations in the early 1950s
Since the Greek Civil War, Albania had many agents who served the Greek Democratic Army (ADE), Albanian Security and the Commune Forum, which had succeeded with the Comintern since 1947.
Among their missions were information on the existence of British, American and other NATO troops in Greece, the role of Albanian refugees in our country and their organization, fortifications and military goals.
On the other hand, Associations of Greece, in collaboration with Greek and American authorities, often sent spies and agents to Albania, mainly to gather information about the movements of the DPS warriors, the Albanian military capabilities and the Soviets bases, but also for sabotage.
At the end of August 1949, US, British and French ambassadors visited US Secretary of State Panayiotis Pipinelis and announced the creation of the anti-communist organization "Free Albania" in Paris during my hat Frasheri, assisted by US and British secret services, aimed at overthrow the Enver Hoxha regime
This operation had begun to be planned from February 1949 as part of the US diplomat George Kennan's overall Rollback Plan. As Stavros Dagios writes? "Albania was characterized as the biggest villain in the region and by the UN."
Ultimately, this whole attempt failed to overthrow the Hoxha regime. In fact, in 1953, with the retreat of the Americans, although the actions continued until 1956.
Greece, which was involved in the case, was directed against the Albanian press. The newspaper Zeri in Popullit at the end of March 1951 reported that military preparations were made in Greece for the occupation of Albania and claimed that the monastery – Florina – Thessaloniki, for which it was expected to come to Constantinople,
Albanian leader Enver Hoxha, in March In 1951, concerns about the Soviets about the escalation of the building expressed sentimental efforts in Greece, given the uprising military invasion, but the Kremlin calmed him.
In November 1951, the Greek agents arrested Vangelis Dimou and Stephos Petrou in Albania and they were tried
Tirana. They found the possibility of accusing the Greek government of undermining their territorial integrity. Related is the letter from Albanian Deputy Foreign Minister Michalis Priftis to the UN. 19/11/1951. After torture, the two individuals falsely acknowledged that they were aiming to sabotage in Albania, such as the blast of Long Bridge (the village of northern Epirus near the Greek border). Their real task, however, was to collect information within the framework of the above plan and designed by the United States and British secret services.