Home / World / The "Volatile Icarus" in Albania tortured and enforced by the Hoxha regime

The "Volatile Icarus" in Albania tortured and enforced by the Hoxha regime



A tragic and unknown for most of the history that took place during the first years after the end of the Second World War was Nikos Akrigoyannis. An ambitious young man who believed he was performing a national duty raised a real suicide mission in Albania in 1952. The sequel was dramatic: arrest, imprisonment, torture and final enforcement two years later.


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His case is also directly linked to another, dark history of that time, the "Aviation Trial".
The adventures of Nikos Akrigoyiannis in Albania have been unknown for more than 50 years, not only to the public but also to the Greek governments themselves. It was complete confusion if he or she died. In recent years, Stavros G. Dagios, a doctorate at the History and Archeology Department at Aristotle's University in Thessaloniki, has led to shocking elements, mainly through searches in the Albanian archives. All this is presented in his book "Nikos Akrigoyiannis and Aeroporos", which is the basic source of our current article.

The Greek-Albanian Relations in the early 1950s

Since the Greek Civil War, Albania had many agents who served the Greek Democratic Army (ADE), Albanian Security and the Commune Forum, which had succeeded with the Comintern since 1947.
Among their missions were information on the existence of British, American and other NATO troops in Greece, the role of Albanian refugees in our country and their organization, fortifications and military goals.

On the other hand, Associations of Greece, in collaboration with Greek and American authorities, often sent spies and agents to Albania, mainly to gather information about the movements of the DPS warriors, the Albanian military capabilities and the Soviets bases, but also for sabotage.

At the end of August 1949, US, British and French ambassadors visited US Secretary of State Panayiotis Pipinelis and announced the creation of the anti-communist organization "Free Albania" in Paris during my hat Frasheri, assisted by US and British secret services, aimed at overthrow the Enver Hoxha regime
This operation had begun to be planned from February 1949 as part of the US diplomat George Kennan's overall Rollback Plan. As Stavros Dagios writes? "Albania was characterized as the biggest villain in the region and by the UN."
Ultimately, this whole attempt failed to overthrow the Hoxha regime. In fact, in 1953, with the retreat of the Americans, although the actions continued until 1956.

Greece, which was involved in the case, was directed against the Albanian press. The newspaper Zeri in Popullit at the end of March 1951 reported that military preparations were made in Greece for the occupation of Albania and claimed that the monastery – Florina – Thessaloniki, for which it was expected to come to Constantinople,

Albanian leader Enver Hoxha, in March In 1951, concerns about the Soviets about the escalation of the building expressed sentimental efforts in Greece, given the uprising military invasion, but the Kremlin calmed him.
In November 1951, the Greek agents arrested Vangelis Dimou and Stephos Petrou in Albania and they were tried

Tirana. They found the possibility of accusing the Greek government of undermining their territorial integrity. Related is the letter from Albanian Deputy Foreign Minister Michalis Priftis to the UN. 19/11/1951. After torture, the two individuals falsely acknowledged that they were aiming to sabotage in Albania, such as the blast of Long Bridge (the village of northern Epirus near the Greek border). Their real task, however, was to collect information within the framework of the above plan and designed by the United States and British secret services.


Nikos Akrivogiannis, born January 5, 1929, in Thessaloniki, where he served as the army officer, the father of Dimitris (born 1889). His mother, Neocleia, was born in 1900. Both his parents were from Agios Vlasios of Magnesia. But Akrigoyiannis considered his motherland Thessaloniki. Characteristic is what he said before the Albanian investigators in Berati on 12/16/1953:
"I know Macedonia and my homeland, Thessaloniki are Greek, they belonged to and always belonged to Greece."
He also had a sister, Eleni, two years older than him.

Akrigoyiannis attended schools in Thessaloniki, Volos and Agios Vlasios. He graduated from Gymnasium 1947-1948, with a general grade of 14 4/11 (good) and completed a cosmo fashion.
As a student at First High School, he was Secretary-General of EPON as "Scapaneus" and then Secretary-General of the Association for the Disabled, Traumatized and Nutritious National Resistance of ELAS from the Magnesia prefecture as a contender in the 54th Constitution. In fact, he was injured in his legs and jaw in battle with the Germans in Pelion.

Akriboyiannis was charming, athletic, with big, bright eyes. A strange swimmer, sometimes ironic and sometimes introverted. Innocent and risky, he was a thoughtful man. In 1949, she starred in the film "Two Worlds", interpreting the woman's role.
In the film were Alekos Alexandrakis, Nikos Tzogia, Starenio's municipality, Malina Anousaki, Ida Christinaki, Giannis Dal (Dalianidis) and the other main characters. Her music was written by Manos Hadjidakis
"Two worlds" were very successful for this year, cut 50,154 tickets (fifth in the relevant catalog, 1949-1950, first with the legendary "Metastaka")

Akrivogiannis also wrote scenarios and poems, for some of which Ilias Venizis expressed his disappearance
In January 1948, he first introduced aviation tests, but failed. In 1949 he learned about the new competition that had been launched for 70 airline recruits and he had taken care of collecting the necessary supporting documents.

His recruitment of the CIA – Akrigoyiannis "Icarus"


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In May 1950, while living in Thessaloniki, Akrivogiannis was known to the young Salonikio Evlibio Kostidis, who introduced him to the espionage area. At that time, Tom Caramesin, CIA's head of Greece, sought out brave youths in the fight against the "Communist threat". The recruiting and assembly agent bazaar was the American school in Thessaloniki, while the education school was operating in Karabournaki, in a specially designed apartment
Nikos Akrigoyiannis trained there by American agents. He often visited Tom Camembert and Bob Driscols assistant.

Young Nikos was fascinated by the world of spies, which he had in his mind: risky missions, trips, beautiful women. At the same time, he believed he would also help Greece. It is paid by $ 1,000,000. (19659006) Before graduating from the school, the Americans urged him to submit an application for access to the Air Force and at the same time informed him that he would soon travel to Albania, would therefore receive special training at the Air Force. They gave him pseudonym G. 1. and informed him that after Albania he would have to do everything to go to a country in Eastern Europe where the KKE leadership was
If it were confined to Albanian camps, it would be a group of sabotage, which would be the toughest of the remaining Greek refugees in Albania, whose purpose would be to cultivate the desire for return to refugees, the challenge of sabotage and encouragement of masses fleeing from the camps. He was urged to pay particular attention to Arsenios Koulouris, Christophoros Cyromitis (or Keromitis) and Kostas Prosoparis with whom he had no contact. Acrigoyannis assumed that they were also Greek agents sent to Albania. The Americans also assured Akriboyannis that Emmanuel or Eugesty's subcommittee would come to Albania in the event of difficulties and rescue him by airplane
(19659006) Courses in Thessaloniki were completed in June 1951. Then Nikos was ranked in the Armed Forces (Corinth)
From there he went to Tahoe Air School, where he would serve his term with the help of the Americans
There, the A2 officers gave him the nickname "Locris", while the Americans informed him of his pre-education. Thus, he received special attention and treatment from Deputy Governor Petros Mitsakos.
The same officers urged Akriboyannis to be trained quickly and to get flight because he would go to a national mission to Albania

The mission "official" mission was done by the school commander, Shimarcho Anastasios Vlatouchis, as the month after Akriboyanni's classification and while having a few hours flight , meeting at a hotel in Omonia, he soon told him:
"Doyke Akriboyannis. In your country's name, I order you to go to a hostile state for a particular mission."
He explained to him that he would "kidnap" an airplane, land on the Saarland and ask the Albanian authorities to contact the Greek Interim Democratic Government, which had its headquarters in the former Soviet Union. There he would appear as a fanatic communist and analyze some bold patterns he had captured.

Vlatouchis also presented alternatives to him if something went wrong when he presented his rescue scenarios if the Albanian regime did not give him permission to go to the Soviet Union and imprisoned him.
Soon, Akrigoyiannis realized that he could not refuse to carry out the mission. He thought to be abstract, unsuccessful and disobedient, but he thought he might be concerned about his superiors and not being sent to Albania because he knew it would be very difficult

at the same time in the air school, serious air accidents, resulting in some young pilots are killed or injured. These and many others (espionage, propaganda in favor of CCP, etc.) led the Air Force Officer and non-commissioners, as well as some individuals in the quay, to the famous "Aviation Trial" that will address a future of our article.
Akrivogiannis eventually failed to fail, as it turned out, mission. Voldosta, at a certain time, but indirectly, clearly threatened that his family would be in danger if he did not go to Albania. His parents knew nothing, and he did not go to his sister's marriage in the spring of 1952.

The last time, before going to Albania, took his education as an agent and spy over Theodoros Boukouvalas, who later served under the junta as the head of Argolis. Assistant to Boukouvala, was Papageorgiou, another A2 officer. Everything was done with guidance and information to the Americans. On April 5, Boukouvalas made the last "special" for Akriboyannis. (19659004) Why Nikos Akrigoyiannis was elected

For the recruitment of persons who would cover different information needs, the Greek secret services, if necessary, would have been given to the Albanians, if necessary. (19659006) Akrigoyiannis had an adventurous character, desires (drinks, drawings, etc.) s, women), owed & # 39; previous participation in EPON who knew the Americans and trainers and exaggerated ambitions (like playing in Hollywood movies).
But he had great love for his family and Greece. He believed that through such a difficult mission he would offer, if he did, a good service in his homeland, he would be awarded awards and a few degrees to the Air Force
On April 6, Akrigoyannis told his childhood friend Fanny Tsochos to transfer to his parents that he would leave Albania.

Flight from Tatar to Albania

Monday, April 7, 1952 was a sunny, spring day with no clouds and trains in the north of Greece
Nikos Akrivogiannis, who pilot a single-engine two-seat training aircraft (biplane) type "Harvard" Ε.Χ. 647, started from Tatoi, through Nafpaktos – Preveza, arrived to the left of Corfu and flew high, at about 10,000 feet to avoid other stunt planes and Albanian anti-aircraft systems

Originally believed to land in Gjirokastra where it existed and the airport, eventually changed and landed without wheels in Tsoukas plain. It is a large village with inhabitants of Greek descent, in the Vourkos region of northern Epirus. Previously, he flew over Tsouousi, Aliko, Krania and Metohi, where his colleague Panayiotis Balafas landed in 1949, and in 1952 he was imprisoned in the notorious prisons of the enemies of the Krug people, accused of espionage Albania

Akrivogiannis does not mention anywhere, neither in the deposit or in their notes and confessions, that he was accompanied by others. Until recently, there have been many publications in our country which reported that Akriboyannis accompanied a CIA aircraft with Karamisin pilots and Dowley Clark's assistant, and others who reported that the accompanying aircraft, which followed Akriboyannis as the Corfu style, piloted one of his instructors at the school.

The landing in reality – the beginning of the adventure of Akriboyannis in Albania

At the landing site, the commander of the concerned Saarland security department came to the Quatip Dervishi and the Greek speaking security officer in the area. They transported Akriboyannis to the police station Agioi Saranda. He was asked to explain why he came to Albania with an airplane.

Acrivogiannis said he was a friend of Albania and an enemy of monarchic-fascist Greece. He then asked him to send him to the leadership of the Greek Democratic Government of the Soviet Union to announce by the press that a Greek aircraft, having circled over the Albanian airspace, had left to Italy and issued a password via R / Free Greece "that" Kostas will marry with Martha ", a message which meant that he had arrived in Albania. This would be heard by F. Tsokos and he would transfer the new to his parents. All this was done with the help of US agents. Akvioyannis, on his own initiative, asked contact Enver Hoxha to personally forward their requests

Due to the seriousness of the case, Akrivogiannis led to Tirana Irons. In the arrest of fashion intelligence, in section 3011, he was interrogated and tortured. The Albanians did not believe in any of his claims and tried to understand what really happened. Akrigoyiannis sent a letter to Hoxha and asked him to help him go to the Soviet Union.
The next time he was imprisoned in Tiran's transport prisons. There, a prisoner, Gani Petrela, the Albanian envoy, told him that his father had been executed.

Τη μέρα της φυγής του Ακριβογιάννη το Υπουργείο Αεροπορίας ζητούσε πληροφορίες για την τύχη του αεροπλάνου τύπου '' Harvard '' που είχε αναχωρήσει για εκπαιδευτική πτήση στη Νότια Πελοπόννησο και δεν επέστρεψε. It is also a good idea to use the same as the one that is intended to be the same as the one in which it is. Λίγες μέρες μετά η ηγεσία του Υπουργείου θεωρούσε το αεροπλάνο ως '' οριστικώς εξαφανισθέν '' και ίσως '' βυθισθέν στη θάλασσα '' λόγω μηχανικής βλάβης.


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Οι εφημερίδες όμως επέμεναν: 'Είναι τόσο ύποπτα όλα αυτά ώστε οφείλει το Υπουργείο να ανακοινώσει σαφώς τι συμβαίνει "έγραφε χαρακτηριστικά η" Εστία' '.

If you want, you will have to set the value of each of the two types, which will be the same as each of the two variables. ΑΑλληψη του Φ. Τσώκου και τελικά ανακοινώθηκε ότι ο Ακριβογιάννης, ο οποίος διακατεχόταν από κομμουνιστικά φρονήματα, έφυγε με το αεροπλάνο '' Harvard '' και προσγειώθηκε κοντά τους Αγίους Σαράντα. It is possible to use the same as the one, which is to be the same as the one of the two phases in the case of a pair of Κ. και ότι στο αεροδρόμιο Τσούκα τον περίμεναν Έλληνες, Αλβανοί και Ρώσοι κομμουνιστές.
Παράλληλα ζητείται από την κυβέρνηση να απαιτήσει από την Αλβανία την επιστροφή του αεροπλάνου και να κάνει διάβημα στη γειτονική χώρα για τη '' φιλοξενία '' που παρείχε στον Ακριβογιάννη.
Η Αλβανία δεν έδωσε καμία απάντηση ούτε επέστρεψε ποτέ το αεροπλάνο.

Οι απάνθρωπες ανακρίσεις του Νίκου Ακριβογιάννη

Οι Αλβανοί βέβαια μάθαιναν όσα γίνονταν στην Ελλάδα. 22ετά τις 22 Απριλίου οι ανακρίσεις του Ακριβογιάννη γίνονται πιο σκληρές. 5τις 5 Μαΐου 1952 κάνει μία απόπειρα αυτοκτονίας, η οποία αποτυγχάνει. 28τις 28 Μαΐου γράφει στον Χότζα ξανά. It is also important to have the same as the one that is used.


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Since 1952, the order of η ί η των ωεροπόρων, στην οποία αναφερθήκαμε και νωρίτερα. ΟΑά. Σκοπός όσων οργάνωσαν τη σκευωρία, ήταν να δείξουν ότι το ΚΚΕ ήθελε να διαβρώσει και να διαλύσει τις Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις, ξεκινώντας από την Αεροπορία.

Στο μεταξύ, ο Ακριβογιάννης μετά τα σκληρά βασανιστήρια, διακομίζεται αναίσθητος στο Δημόσιο Νοσοκομείο Τιράνων (6/4 / 1953). Ίκεί, τον ερτεύονται δύο νεαρές νοσηλεύτριες, η ι ι την ορυτσά και η Καντίφε. This is the case, but it does not matter whether it is possible to make a statement, or to make a reference to […]
Τα βασανιστήρια του αλβανικού καθεστώτος, ήταν: ξυλοδαρμοί με ρόπαλο, ξύσιμο των τραυμάτων με ξύλο, διάτρηση του κρέατος με καυτό σύρμα, χρήση ηλεκτρικού ρεύματος στα αφτιά, ρίξιμο αλατιού στις ανοιχτές πληγές, ρίξιμο κρύου νερού τον χειμώνα, εξαγωγή νυχιών, σφίξιμο των κόρφων με τανάλια, εισαγωγή κοπράνων και ούρων στο στόμα, παρατεταμένη αϋπνία, πολυήμερη ορθοστασία κ.α.

Μετά την επιστροφή του στη φυλακή κι ένα νέο γύρο ανακρίσεων, στις αρχές Αυγούστου 1953 μεταφέρεται στο στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης των μαχητών του ΔΣΕ στη Λούσνια, όπου ήτα περιορισμένοι 230 μαχητές.
Εκεί οι συνθήκες ήταν καλύτερες. Χπήρχε ένα καθεστώς ημιελευθερίας. Και πάλι όμως ο Ακριβογιάννης αναζητούσε τρόπους διαφυγής.

Η προσπάθεια απόδρασης

Έτσι, αποφάσισε να ιδρύσει μια συνωμοτική οργάνωση, την ΜΕΔΕΒΑ 134 και αναζητούσε μέλη. In this case, the term "»τοο", ελοποννήσιο καθηγητή, αιχμάλωτο του ΔΣΕ και πολυμήχανο. Αυτός εξέφραζε δυσαρέσκεια καεστώς και νοσταλγία για την λλάδα. In this case, one of the most important types of "»Μή»… "is… …α β………………………… αα αα α α α α α α α α α α α α…. Η η η η η. 19ο 1949, καταδικάστηκε σε φυλάκιση 18 μηνών για ληστεία τράπεζας. If you want to use this option, you should select one of the following:
In 1954, the choice of the two varies from one to the other, which is the same as the one of the two phases. In this case, one of the most common types is ,όοοεε, μικρή κωμόπολη νότια του Δυρραχίου, 15 λμ.

μεσημιρι της επόμενης μιρας, but it is only possible to create a list of the two types of material.
/12ο βράδυ της 1995-12-14, εκδόθηκε ένταλμα σύλληψης κατά του Ν. -Και του απαγγέλθηκε κατηγορία για διενέργεια κατασκοπείας κατά της 61αραν ,α, which is 61-65 του Ποινικού Κώδικα. Πο υ υ ο π π π π ά ά ά ά ά ά It is possible to use the same as the "," or the word "," or "the word", which is to say a number, or a number,
.
Ο ρκριβογιάννης οδηγήθηκε στα κρατητήρια της αντικατασκοπίας στα Τίρανα. Κλείστηκε σ 'ένα κελί, όπου υπήρχαν ένα σιδερένιο κρεβάτι κι ένας κουβάς, για τις σωματικές του ανάγκες

Στις 9 Μαρτίου 1954 οι ανακρίσεις σε βάρος του Σ. Παγιατάκη ολοκληρώθηκαν. Τοι γινε και με τον Ν. 54πριλίου 1954.
– δίκη Ακριβογιάννη – καταδίκη τους
Στις 24 Ιουνίου 1954 άρχισε στο Στρατοδικείο της Κορυτσάς υπό τον πρόεδρο της έδρας Prenjo Myftari και με στρατιωτικό εισαγγελέα τον Shaban rail Differentiate η δίκη.

Η απόφαση, γεμάτη λάθη και ανακρίβειες, που σε οποιαδήποτε δημοκρατική χώρα θα «έπεφτε» στο Εφετείο, ήταν σκληρή. Although one of the two types of data is available, it is necessary to determine whether or not it is necessary to determine whether or not one of the two forms. 54στόσο, στις 28 Ιουνίου 1954, η Στρατιωτική Εισαγγελία άσκησε έφεση κατά της τα τα τον τα τα και και τησε τη νανατική καταδίκη του.
Οι δύο κατηγορούμενοι, στις 25 Ιουνίου 1954 δια των συνηγόρων τους Asllan Mlloya και Thoma Jani άσκησε έφεση, στο Ανώτατο Δικαστήριο των Τιράνων, η οποία εξετάστηκε στις 8 Ιουλίου 1954. Το Δικαστήριο, επικύρωσε την ποινή του Ακριβογιάννη, ενώ μείωσε την ποινή του Παγιατάκη σε 15 νια ειρκτή, την οποία εξέτισε στις φυλακές Αυλώνας. ,Ργτερα, ποινή του μειώθηκε κατά 5 έτη και στις 13/12/1961, του δόθηκε χάρη. Έτσι, στις 27.12.1961, αποφυλακίστηκε οριστικά.

Η εκτέλεση του Νίκου Ακριβογιάννη

Τη Δευτέρα 16 Αυγούστου 1954 στο Μπεράτι, στις 24.00, ο Νίκος Ακριβογιάννης εκτελέστηκε. It is possible to use the same as the one of the two variants that are to be determined, but to each one of the values ​​given in this case. If you want to use this function, you will have to choose one of the two types. If you have any questions about this, you may also be interested in this – ηηωΕ άηάα ,αα,, ροξξξξ…. 19 19 19 19 19 19 19.

. Μέχρι σήμερα, πολλά ερωτήματα, παραμένουν αναπάντητα: Υπήρχε δάκτυλος του Κ.Κ.Ε. στην υπόθεση; It is important to have the same as the one of the two types;
If you are interested in this, you will be able to use "κομμουνιστική διείσδυση";

Από το 1964;
Η αδελφή του Νίκου Ακριβογιάννη Ελένη, μετά τον θάνατο του πατέρα της, το 1955 επισκέφθηκε πολλούς πολιτικούς και στρατιωτικούς ζητώντας να μάθει τι έχει γίνει ο αδελφός της.
1977ο 1977, οόόεε Άυ, διτασσε τη διατήρηση του υπ 'αριθμ. 4/11 – 8 – 1952 εντάλματος σύλληψης του Ν. Ακριβογιάννη.
1977ο 1977 ο Π. Λουκάκος και ο Π. In this case, it is necessary to have a "»μα" μια ενδιαφέρουσα έρευνα για τον Ακριβογιάννη. Ενδιαφέροντα στοιχεία, υπάρχουν και στο βιβλίο του Βλάση Δέδε "Η Δίκη των Αεροπόρων".
Στις 10 Νοεμβρίου 1979; Στον Καρταλαμάκη είχε ανατεθεί η συγγραφή βιβλίου για την ιστορία της Ελληνικής Αεροπορίας και υπήρχε ένα μεγάλο κενό με την υπόθεση Ακριβογιάννη.
Απάντηση, δεν έλαβε ποτέ …

Στις 14 Μαΐου 1988 ο τότε ΥΠΕΞ Κάρολος Παπούλιας μετά από πιέσεις της οικογένειας, ζήτησε από την ελληνική πρεσβεία στα Τίρανα να μεριμνήσει για τη συγκομιδή των οστών του Νίκου Ακριβογιάννη. 19 απάντηση των λβανών ταν ασαφής και ανούσια.
Το 1997 ιδρύθηκε η Πανελλήνια Κίνηση Ηθικής Αποκατάστασης της Μνήμης του Αεροπόρου Νίκου Ακριβογιάννη, η οποία με διακήρυξη στις 5/19/1997, ζητά την ηθική του αποκατάσταση.

Φυσικά, οι Αλβανοί δεν επέστρεψαν ποτέ και το αεροπλάνο Harvard στην Ελλάδα. Κατά τ’ άλλα, στο πλαίσιο του ΝΑΤΟ, η χώρα μας είναι υποχρεωμένη να προστατεύσει τον εναέριο χώρο της Αλβανίας με ελληνικά αεροπλάνα, αν η γειτονική χώρα δεχθεί επίθεση.
 Ο Νίκος Ακριβογιάννης, υπήρξε θύμα σκευωρίας αλλά και του ίδιου του εαυτού του. Τα οστά του βρίσκονται σε κάποια χαράδρα στο Μπεράτι. Και η υπόληψή του, όπως γράφει ο Σταύρος Ντάγιος, αναποκατάστατη.

Βασική πηγή μας για το άρθρο, ήταν το βιβλίο του Σταύρου Γ. Ντάγιου, «Ο ΝΙΚΟΣ ΑΚΡΙΒΟΓΙΑΝΝΗΣ ΚΑΙ Η ΔΙΚΗ ΤΩΝ ΑΕΡΟΠΟΡΩΝ», εκδόσεις LITERATUS, 2017.
Στοιχεία αντλήσαμε επίσης από το βιβλίο του Βλάση Δέδε, «Η ΔΙΚΗ ΤΩΝ ΑΕΡΟΠΟΡΩΝ», εκδόσεις ΚΑΚΤΟΣ, 1983.


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