In a crisis, the global recycling circuit lies after China's decision to stop garbage from the planet
To stop being a destination of material for recycling in the world Beijing banned the import of plastic and a number of other waste categories recovered in early 2018.
The recycled plastic of the developed countries began to move to the Southeast Asian countries, where Chinese recycling companies have transported their activities. "It was like an earthquake," says Arno Brunei, director of BOB, located in Brussels.
"China was the first recyclable market for waste recycling. Its closure caused shocks throughout the world."
In Southeast Asia, Malaysia was the largest. The country, which hosts a large Chinese society, has become a target for industry seeking to transfer its activities from China, as explained by AMP. As a result, plastic imports to Malaysia were imported from 201
In the town of Gendzarom, near Kuala Lumpur, reprocessing plants have emerged as fungi and released toxic fumes
The plastic mountains compose the landscape. We find all kinds of debris, food packaging, dishwashing detergent, plastic bag coming from France, Germany, USA, Brazil …
Soon, residents began to complain about the smell coming from recycling facilities and according to environmental protection organizations the burial of plastic materials which are not recyclable. "People are disturbed by toxic smoke. There are some who crash without interruption," said Pope Liang Ping, a 47-year-old resident, to AFP. "I could no longer sleep or rest, I was still tired."
He searched together with other residents and in mid-2018 he identified about forty factories, many of which were not even licensed. After many complaints that were left unanswered, the authorities finally acted. Factories were closed and the import of plastic waste was temporarily frozen.
As the industries recycling consider that the cost of reprocessing is very high, the search for new destinations for the recovery of large volumes of garbage is a major headache
. high in their countries of origin, some use landfill and incineration in the absence of another "Within a year, we have the consequences, but we have not made a solution," said Garr Lamb, chairman of the Australian Association of Recycling and Waste Processing
. Some have, however, managed to adapt. Adelaide's city, in southern Australia, which sent most of its refusal to China, now processes 80% of the material in place. Everything that remains is sent to India. "By helping local agents, we have been able to find similar prices to those that were in place before the Chinese ban," said Adam Fokner, responsible for North Adelaide waste management
The solution lies in the consumption of fewer plastics  In China, Imports of plastics with 600,000 tonnes per month in 2016 to 30,000 per month in 2018, according to a new survey by Greenpeace and the non-governmental organization Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives
In the city of Singh, in southern China, where the sector flourished, "recycling plants have left, buildings have been hung on a" banner "banner and there is" Chen Liuen, founder of Zero Waste Alliance in China,
explains, like Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam, the first countries to which industries have turned recycling took measures to limit the import of plastic, the flow then directed to countries with looser r hedgehogs such as Indonesia and Turkey, according to Greenpeace's research.
But while only 9% of the plastic is recycled, the only long-term solution is the production and consumption of smaller plastic according to the organization.
"Recycling circuits will not cover plastic production," warns Katie Lin, head of the organization's campaign to protect. U environment