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God does not dice with the universe, writes Einstein in letters up for auction



Letters from the famous physicist Albert Einstein have become hot real estate for auction houses recently. The latest movement, auctioned by Christie's, provides further insight into Einstein's ideas of quantum physics, including his criticism of other scientists for their lack of understanding of the subject.

Handwritten by Einstein in 1945, 10 years before his death, the letters were directed to the theoretical physicist Paul Epstein, Caltech, with Einstein who gave his "private opinion" on the boundaries of quantum theory. In one of the letters, handwritten in German, Einstein said that "God does not play dice with the universe," which gives insight into his thoughts on the randomness of quantum mechanics.

"In response to Epstein's own paper on EPR [Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen] The problem in the June issue of the American Journal of Physics writes Einstein to clarify why he exactly sees quantum mechanics as an" incomplete "theory," wrote Christie in the description. "Einstein and others had argued in the EPR paradox that an objective physical reality could be more accurately illuminated than Heisenberg allowed, unless information was transmitted from one particle to another faster than the speed of light ̵

1; what Einstein would later describe as "haunting action at a distance".

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The principle is now known as quantum intrusion, which has become the basis for quantum computation.

As defined by IB M research , quantum utilization "the quantum mechanical phenomena of superposition and entanglement to create states that are exponentially scaled with the number of qubits or quantum bits." Applications include scientific breakthroughs, including the development of new drugs, faster diagnosis of diseases, as well as more efficient units and economic retirement strategies.

The letters provide extra detailed information to Einstein's thoughts on the subject, a total of 8 pages in length with several hand-drawn diagrams from the acclaimed physicist. According to LiveScience, Einstein repeatedly fought with the physicist Niels Bohr on the subject.

Einstein believed that "the physics would try to describe objective facts", according to the letters, adding that the alternative is not helpful. "This is like saying that a difference between dream and reality rests on nothing but a metaphysical prejudice," he wrote.

EINSTEIN'S FAMOUS "GOOD" LETTER SELL AT AUCTION FOR CUSTOM TAX

Despite his contempt for quantum theories in the letters, Einstein gave some praise for it and wrote: "My private opinion is this: Quantum theory in its present form is a very successful experiment, carried out with insufficient means (concepts). "

The letters were able to retrieve north of $ 200,000 by auction, according to a calculation from Christie's.

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