Deadly bacterial viruses such as anthrax could be transmitted to the atmosphere after the frozen city of Yakutsk in northeastern Russia begins to melt. The Eastern Siberian city usually remains frozen for 12 months of the year and regularly reaches temperatures of minus 60 ° C during the winter months. But during the permafrost – which is frozen for two consecutive years – the score is of dangerous diseases that are still alive and have contributed to the eradication of many species, including the wool moth.
Biologists fear that the fatal disease might recur if the snow and ice continue to melt and be transmitted to humans through plants and water.
In 2016, the first recorded outbreak of anthrax diseases in the Arctic region of Yamal in 70 years after the temperature reached outstanding levels of 35 C. [1
Boris Kershengolts, a Yakutsk biologist, told the telegraph: "People with bursts can stay in the permafrost for up to 2500 years.
" It is scary with the thief of animal burial grounds from the 19th century.
"When taken out of the permafrost and put into our temperatures, they revive."  He added, "It would be a disaster not just for the Arctic."
"The disaster could exceed Chernobyl."
At the current rate, the permafrost levels in Yakutsk decrease by 2 inches (5 cm) per year.
Not only is melting bad for the planet with increased risk of rising sea levels and flooding, thawing of permafrost releases gases like methane and CO2 that damage the ozone layer.
Russian President Vladimir Putin warned of "disturbing trends" facing the world in terms of global warming.
A particular issue highlighted by Russian research data was that the temperature in Russia is increasing two and a half times more than any other place in the world.  Putin told the fifth international Arctic forum: "According to our records, the Arctic is warmed four times faster than the rest of the world, and Russia warms 2.5 times faster than the rest of the world."
"These can be different calculations, but both of these are really disturbing trends."