Climate change protesters have blocked roads across central London kicking traffic disruption.
Members of campaign group Extinction Rebellion parked on boat at Oxford Circus and blocked Marble Arch and Piccadilly Circus.
Protests Yen Chit Chong said: "This is the last best shot at survival. "
Three men have been arrested on suspicion of criminal damage after a glass revolving by the oil company Shell's HQ in Waterloo was smashed.
Police have advised people traveling to London to allow extra journey time.
Organizers claim protests are being held in over 80 cities across 33 countries.
Rebellion said protests would continue throughout the week "escalating the creative disruption across the capital day by day."
The group said it planned to "bring London to a standstill for up to two weeks", and wanted the Government to take urgent action to tackle climate change.
In Parliament Square, protesters unfurled banners, held up placards and waved flags as speakers took to the stage.
Who are Extinction Rebellion?
Since its launch last year , members have shut bridges, poured buckets of fake blood outside Downing Street, blockade the BBC and stripped semi-naked in parliament.
It has three core demands: for the government to "tell the truth about climate change", reduce carbon emissions to zero by 2025, and create a citizens' assembly to oversee progress.
One of the group's founders, Roger Hallam, believes that mass
By intentionally causing more than £ 6,000 damage to the shell headquarters activists aiming to get the case into crown court to put their case to a jury, the campaign said.
A Shell spokesman said: "We respect the right of everyone to express their point of view, we only ask that they do so with their safety and the safety of others in mind. "
Protestant Chay Harwood told the BBC: "We live in a very sick society at the moment. There is a lot of social issues and social ills that need curing.
" But at the moment the biggest threat we face is the threat of climate change. "
The With said it had "appropriate policing plans" in place for the demonstrations and officers from across the force would be used "to support the public order operation".
In November, activists blockaded the Department for Business, Energy
By Matthew Cannon, BBC News
The unusual sight of a pink yacht stands in the center of Oxford Circus, surrounded by protesters holding aloft a sea of colored flags.
The focus here is on the future of the planet ̵
Some are wearing red to symbolism "the blood of dying species ", one group wants to" save the bees ", while a man dressed as a centaur holds a placard which says" climate change is not a myth … different centaurs ".
Two young women tell me they They are not willing to have children due to their fears for the world they want l be bringing them into.
Another man, who plans to protest through the night, says the protests will be peaceful but he is willing to be arrested.
"The more the authorities will get fed up with us the more it brings us to their attention , "he said.
Organizers have encouraged people to set up camp in Hyde Park overnight in Monday – an offence under Royal Parks legislation.
A spokeswoman for The Royal Parks said Extinction Rebellion did not ask for permission to begin the Image copyright
Tolga Akmen / AFP