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Emergence of dominant toxigenic M1T1 Streptococcus pyogenes clone during increased scarlet fever activity in England: a population-based molecular epidemiological study



Introduction

Scarlet fever is a classic exanthem of childhood caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus) which was associated with frequent life-harm among human children until the early 1900s.

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Developed microbes and recurrent streptococcal disease.