Top Categories : Trump made seven false claims last week about Democrats, five about China and trade and four about North Korea or South Korea.
Where he did them : Trump made 12 false statements in exchange with reporters, six on Twitter, three in remarks during his visit to El Paso.
The Most Unhappy False Statement: Fallen Soldiers
Trump could have joined Vice President Mike Pence to truthfully talk good news last week about the Korean War soldiers' remains back from North Korea. As Pence announced, 25 other US service members have been identified from the remains that North Korea delivered last year.
However, Trump did not mention it. Instead, he falsely claimed, again, that it will still be returned "as we speak" ̵
1; that "they will return to and through Hawaii."
No remains have come through Hawaii since last year. The Pentagon announced in May that North Korea has stopped cooperating with the recovery initiative and that the effort has been suspended for this year.
Trump has repeatedly tricked families into lost soldiers about what is happening.
The most revealing false statement: China's misery
Trump said exactly
two weeks ago that China had just published its worst economic growth in 27 years. Last week he seemed to decide that this was insufficiently impressive.
"China has had its worst year in 35 years now. It was 26 years, but now it is 35 years," he told reporters.  Nothing had changed since the previous tweet. There was no basis for "now it's 35 years." But as we have discussed before, Trump does not stick to exact numbers even when the exact numbers make his point.
The most absurdly false statement: O & # 39; Rourkes cro w d
Trump took time off to visit an El Paso hospital to not only boast the size of his crowd during a meeting one night six months ago and to mock the former Texas congressman Beto & # 39; Rourke's audience size that night, but he also constituted a fictitious number for O & # 39; Rourke's audience – "which 400 people "- which wasn't even close to accurate.
Here is this week's full list of 21:
North Korea and South Korea
Remaining from North Korea
"We came back, and we come back, as we talk, we get back many of our fallen heroes. You know they are coming back in and through Hawaii. "- August 9 exchange with reporters
Facts First : While North Korea returned some remains last year, it does no longer there. The US military announced in May that the residual program had been suspended for the remainder of the 2019 fiscal year because North Korea had stopped communicating with the US agency responsible for the effort.
Trump Could Exactly Turn Off Remnants of the Past: North Korea returned 55 cases of possible remnants in the summer of 2018. But the remnants are no longer being returned. The Pentagon's Defense POW / MIA Accounting Agency said in May that no more remains will come back this fiscal year. The agency said that North Korea had not talked to the agency at all since the February summit in Hanoi between Trump and Kim Jong Un, which ended abruptly.
Trump could have correctly said that recent progress has been made in identifying the remains of the cases returned last year. The week before Trump made those comments, Vice President Mike Pence and the Defense POW / MIA Accounting Agency announced that 25 additional service members had been identified. Seven identifications had been previously announced.
North Korea's missile testing
"… I say it again: No nuclear tests have been made. The missile tests have all been short distances. No ballistic missile tests. No long-range missiles." – August 9, exchange with reporters
Facts First : North Korea has been testing ballistic missiles, although they have really been of short range.
Trump, perhaps confused, seemed to be suggesting that only long-range missiles are "ballistic." It's not true. The two short-range missiles that tested Trump's remarks were also ballistic missiles, as were the missiles it tested at the end of July.
Troops in South Korea
"As you know, we have 32,000 soldiers on South Korean soil, and we have been helping them for about 82 years." – August 7 exchange with reporters
Facts First : As of March, there were 29,048 US defense personnel in South Korea, 25,884 of them active personnel, according to the latest update from the military's Defense Manpower Data Center.
It was not clear what Trump meant by "82 years." Korea was a united country until the end of World War II in 1945, 74 years ago.
South Korea's payments
"South Korea has agreed to pay significantly more money to the United States to defend itself against North Korea. In recent decades, the United States has been paid very little by South Korea, but last year, at President Trump's request, paid South Korea $ 990,000,000. "- August 7 tweet
Facts First : While South Korea agreed earlier this year to pay more for the expenses of having US troops stationed there , Trump put the $ 990 million figure is wrong for both this year and last year.
In February, South Korea and the United States signed a one-year agreement for South Korea to pay 1.04 trillion won, or about US $ 854 million at Monday's exchange rates, against the cost of maintaining a US military presence in the country, an increase of about 8% from the previous annual amount. (The $ 1.04 trillion was worth about $ 925 million in the US at exchange rates as of February.)
Negotiations on cost sharing for 2020 have not yet formally begun.
Impact on House of Representatives
Question: "Mr. President, you expressed support for background checks after Parkland. Why is it different now?" Trump: "Time goes by. I don't think I'm different, but I think the Senate is different. I think other people in the House are different. I think people who might have had their arm up a couple of years ago, maybe they feel different. I don't think I feel different. I believe with much success that we have, I think I have a greater influence now over the Senate and across the House. "- August 9 exchange with reporters
Facts First : We give Trump broad latitude to express opinions, but this one is simply wrong. He has no greater influence over the House of Representatives today, while it is under Democratic control than he did in early 2018, while it was under Republican control.
"I mean, I'm very happy. In the Republican Party, I have 94% approval, so it helps." – August 9 exchange with reporters
Facts First : Trump is extremely popular with Republicans, but 94% is an exaggeration. We couldn't find a single new survey where his approval value with Republicans was 94% or higher.
Trump was 89% with Republicans in a Gallup poll conducted July 15 to July 31, 86% in an Ipsos poll conducted for Reuters from August 1 to 5, and 90% in a Quinnipiac University survey conducted July 25-28.
The figure "94%" has also been an exaggeration when he has done so in previous months.
China, trade and customs
"Now China has had its worst year of 35 years now. It was 26 years, but now it is 35 year." – August 9 exchange with reporters
Facts first : China's growth rate did not suddenly go from the worst in 26 years to the worst in 35 years. As reported generally in July, its official GDP growth rate during the second quarter of 2019 was the worst in 27 years.
China's official rate for the quarter, published in July, was 6.2%, the lowest since 1992. Official Chinese figures are often inaccurate, but there is no evidence that "it is now 35 years."
Derek Scissors, an expert on US economic relations with Asia at the conservative American Enterprise Institute idea, said, "Twenty-six years is a reasonable claim from the president, 35 years is not." He noted that the 35-year claim skipped the period 1989-1992, where China's growth slowed after its crackdown on protests in Tiananmen Square.
China and currency manipulation
"So, we" We do very well with China. We talk to China. We are not ready to make a deal, but we will see what happens. But you know we have been hurt by China for 25, 30 years. Nobody has done anything about it. And we have no choice but to do what we do. It works very well, as you know. We called them manipulation and they took their numbers back, and they took them back quickly. And they could do it because they were manipulating. "- August 9 exchange with reporters
Facts first : While the value of the Chinese yuan is not depreciated much longer after the Trump administration was appointed it was a currency manipulator last On Monday, China did not "return" the yuan – at Trump's remarks, it was still trading lower than it was before the first depreciation.
Last Monday, the yuan fell past the seven-point per US dollar for the first time since 2008. On Friday, the day of Trump's remarks here, the official midpoint set by China's central bank, were still weaker than the 7-per-dollar level, but stronger than analysts had expected, reported CNBC.
Brad Setser, senior economist of the International Economy at the Foreign Relations Council, called Trump's He said: "It is true that the move (last) Monday was not really replicated later in the week. Many would say that it was because China did not think it would go down quickly. "
Customs payments to farmers
" See, as I said, our people do not pay for these billions and $ 16 billion that came in, $ 16 billion that I gave the farmers because they were directed by China. And that's only a small fraction of what we've taken. "- August 9 exchange with reporters
Facts First : Trump's support for farmers affected by his customs battle with China not only amounts to a" small fraction "of customs revenue – revenue that, again, comes from Americans In fact, his $ 28 billion pledge to farmers exceeded last month's total customs revenue.
On July 15, the New York Times reported that Trump's China tariffs had generated about $ 21 billion as of July 10 noted on August 2 that he has pledged a total of $ 28 billion in support to farmers over the past two years; the $ 16 billion he referred to here was the second of two announcements.
Who pays for Trump's duties on China
"Based on the historical currency manipulation from China, it is now even more obvious to everyone that Americans do not pay for customs duties – they are paid for r compliments from China, and the United States takes in tens of billions of dollars! "- August 5 tweet
" And I said, the US taxpayer doesn't pay for it. We had a big day on the stock market yesterday, but the US taxpayer doesn't pay for it. "- August 9 exchange with reporters
Facts First : US importers make the actual customs payments, and economic studies have found that Americans, not people and businesses in China, have borne most of the cost.
In a March article by economists in the Columbia, Princeton and New York Federal Reserve, it was found that "full occurrence" of Trump's duties has fallen domestic companies and consumers, costing them $ 3 billion a month at the end of 2018. The thesis also found that duties led to a decrease in US revenue by $ 1.4 billion per month.
A separate academic paper also found that the duties led to higher consumer prices, and it is estimated that tariffs will result in a $ 7.8 billion revenue decline per year.
White House economy The President's report also acknowledged that US consumers pay a portion of the cost of these duties. Domestic producers, according to the report, benefit from increases in tariffs, but "compensating for these benefits are the costs that consumers pay in the form of higher prices and reduced consumption."
Some Chinese suppliers may take on some of the burden of duty by lowering their prices to maintain a market in the United States, but these studies show that the burden falls sharply on American consumers and businesses.
Asian American unemployment
] "And I am the least racist person. Black, Latin American and Asian unemployment is the lowest (BEST) in US history!" – On August 6 tweet
Facts First : Trump was correct about the black and Latin American unemployment rates, but not for Asians.
We will ignore Trump's subjective suggestion that low unemployment rates are a valid refusal against allegations that he has been racist in words and actions unrelated to the economy.
Black and Hispanic Americans are about the lowest unemployment rate since the government began to track employment statistics for them using its current method (early 1970s for Black and Latin American Americans, 2000 for Asians). Both were slightly lower in the past during Trump's term, but he can still accurately say that they have not been lower during a previous president.
But the Asians' share was 2.8% in July, higher than 2.6% in December 2016, former President Barack Obama's last full month in office.
"… Our problem is a Federal Reserve who is too proud to admit their mistake of acting too fast and tightening too much (and I was right!). They have to lower. prices bigger and faster and stop their ridiculous quantitative austerity NOW. "- August 7 tweet
" If they quit quantitative austerity, we have a rocket ship. I mean, we can do well without it, but we will be handcuffed by the Federal Reserve. If they were to stop it, it would be incredible. "- August 9 exchange with reporters
Facts first : The Federal Reserve had already stopped the quantitative tightening process in Trump's tweet and comments.
The Fed announced on July 31 that it would stop shrinking its balance sheet from August 1, two months before the schedule. Trump himself praised this decision in a tweet on July 31: "As usual, (President Jerome) Powell let us go, but he ends at least quantitative austerity, which should not have started in the first place – no inflation."
Former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich's Punishment
"I thought he was treated incredibly unfairly. He received almost 18 years in prison. And a lot of people thought it was unfair, like many other things." And, "They put him in jail for 18 years, and he has many years left. And I think it's very unfair. "- August 7 exchange with reporters
Facts First : Blagojevich was sentenced to 14 years in prison for corruption, not 18 years.
Opinion for drug trafficking
"So Rod Blagojevich – I think very seriously about commuting his sentence so that he can go home to his family after seven years. You have drug dealers who get not even 30 days, and they have killed 25 people. "- August 7 exchange with reporters
Facts First : We could not find new examples where drug dealers who contributed to the death of many people were sentenced to fewer than 30 days in jail.
There may be a case somewhere where exceptional circumstances created an extremely short sentence for a productive drug dealer, but we couldn't find any. A penalty of less than a month would be far beyond the norm even for a retailer who is not accused of contributing to two dozen deaths.
The Drug Enforcement Administration website lists the latest penalties ranging from dozens of months to many years for people convicted of trafficking heroin, fentanyl and other drugs.
The DEA does not list every drug case around the country, but its list gives a rough idea of what types of sentences are standard.
Blagojevich was convicted of corruption offenses in federal court. Many federal drug addicts – 45% in 2016 – are guilty of mandatory minimum sentences. The average sentence for a drug-related convict who was sentenced in 2016 for a crime with a mandatory minimum was 94 months in prison. For drug offenders who are not convicted of a crime with a mandatory minimum sentence, it was 42 months.
Sherrod Brown, Nan Whaley and the hospital visit
"Just in Dayton, Ohio, where I met the victims & families, law enforcement, medical staff and first responders. It was a warm and wonderful visit. Huge enthusiasm and to Then with love I saw failed presidential candidate (0%) Sherrod Brown & Mayor Whaley totally misrepresented what was happening at the hospital. Their news conference after I went to El Paso was a scam. It didn't look like what happened to the incredible people that I was so happy to meet and hang out with. They were all amazing! "- August 7 tweet
"The whole hospital – no different than we had in El Paso – the whole hospital was – I mean, everyone was so proud of the job they did because they did a good job. They did a great job here. And then I said goodbye. I brought them in, at their request. We did the tour. They couldn't believe it. She (Whaley) told people. He (Brown) told people. I go on Air Force One, where they have a lot of TVs. I turn on the TV, and there they are, saying, "I don't know if it was appropriate for the president to be in …" You know, et cetera, et cetera. You know, the same old line. And they are very dishonest people … "- Notes August 7 before meeting with ith law enforcement personnel in El Paso
Facts first : Neither Brown nor Whaley said it was" inappropriate "for Trump to visit the hospital. They said that Trump was received respectfully and warmly by patients and first responders.
At a joint press conference with Brown shortly after the hospital visit, Whaley said it was good that Trump did not visit the district where the mass advance happened because people there were angry with him. And both Whaley and Brown criticized Trump's earlier rhetoric, while Whaley called it "divisive" and Brown called it "racist."
But they did not criticize anything about the hospital visit itself.
Our full article on this claim is here.
Sherrod Brown and the presidency
"Then I saw failed presidential candidate (0%) Sherrod Brown …" – August 7 tweet
"… He got, think me, about 0% and he failed as presidential candidate "- August 7 comments before meeting with law enforcement personnel in El Paso
Facts First : Brown has never been a candidate for president.
Brown, a Democratic senator for Ohio, was considering a presidential run, and he conducted a "listening tour" of key primary states in January and February, but he announced in March that he had decided against starting a campaign.
Beto O & # 39; Rourke's audience
"I was here three months ago, we crazy e number … That place was packed, right? … There were a lot of people … And then you had this crazy Beto. Beto had like 400 people in a parking lot, and they said his audience was wonderful. "- August 7 comments
to medical staff at University Medical Center in El Paso
Facts First : Trump's rally speech in El Paso was barely six months before these remarks, not three months before. In addition, well over 400 people participated in Rourke's competing speech that night.
We do not have exact presence numbers for O & # 39; Rourke's speech on February 11, but photos and videos showed that Trump's "400" figure is not nearly accurate. The Texas Tribune reported that "about 7,000 people went to see O" Rourke speaks in the park, according to an aide, who cited law enforcement. "
We will not take the named assistant word as gospel, but the actual number was indeed higher than Trump's estimate. PolitiFact reached the same conclusion: Trump grossly underestimated the turnout of O & # 39; Rourke.
O & # 39; Rourke also participated in an anti-Trump march to the truth before his speech, in which thousands attended. Jennifer Epstein of Bloomberg News reported
at that time: "El Paso police estimate a crowd of 10,000 to 15,000 for anti-Trump, anti-wall, pro-O & # 39; Rourke march and rally tonight. " Trump had a capacity crowd of 6,500 at his El Paso rally plus a large audience outside.