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How do I recognize rheumatism? Manifestations and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

Although it usually occurs after the age of 40, however, younger people are often treated with rheumatoid arthritis – it also affects children, a third of whom are ill even at preschool age. And women have up to three times higher risk of outbreaks. The causes include impaired immunity, genes and lifestyle

What is rheumatoid arthritis

About 100,000 Czechs suffer from the disease. It is an autoimmune disease that affects the synovial fluid (= joint sebum that fills the joint capsule). It irreversibly disrupts both cartilage and joints and affects other parts of the body. "Arthritis can damage tissues in vital systems such as cardiac or respiratory tract or eye tissue," says physiotherapist Tereza Novotná

Patients have due to widespread inflammation in the body are more prone to high pressure, heart attack and lung disease. Rheumatism is to some extent hereditary, but it is not yet possible to say who is more likely to have the disease. So far, no obvious circumstances have proven to be a real risk for the development of arthritis, except one: smoking. What are the manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis

. Special pain

How do you distinguish rheumatism from other joint diseases ? “Rheumatoid arthritis is recognized by a patient having multiple joints – never one. The disease usually does not affect the end joint of the fingers, that is, before the last articles and there is no redness instead of pain, ”explains MUDr. Petr Werner from the ambulance from Stráž nad Nežárkou. There is also swelling, heat and reduced functionality – people sometimes cannot perform basic tasks due to pain, inflammation can even deform joints. Difficulties and pain usually increase and the condition gets worse without treatment. But hips are no exception

2. Rigidity and pain that does not go away during the day

Problems can occur on the small joints in the hands, but also on the hips, knees or shoulders – and even on the spine. One of the most important symptoms of rheumatism is stiff aching joints in the morning, especially younger people mistakenly suspect what is strained after physical performance – but this usually resolves within a week. Some in turn exchange rheumatism for osteoarthritis, but this can be distinguished, among other things, by the length of the pain: arthritic pain subsides during the first morning half an hour, rheumatic pain lasts most of the day. ( Do you know how to practice joint disease? )

3. Eye problems

Illness affects the eyes Patients tend to lack tears, dry eyes or a foreign body. Artificial tears and discontinuation of drugs that aggravate dryness of the eyes, such as allergies and drainage pills, or hormonal contraceptives, can help. Another problem may be sclerosis, inflammation of the whites. Symptoms include redness, severe pain and tearing, and increased sensitivity to light. If the sclerosis is not resolved the eye can be punctured! anemia

A manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis is also anemia or anemia – affecting about one fifth of patients. In addition to pale skin, symptoms include fatigue and drowsiness

5. Skin Problems

Rheumatoid nodes also indicate that there is something wrong with the joints. They look like subcutaneous lumps, usually located near affected joints and measure a few millimeters to centimeters. Most often they occur only in the more advanced stage of the disease and usually damage palpation. “The treatment consists of regimen measures such as rest or spa treatment, physical treatment – such as laser application, medication and surgical treatment. Some people can help with pain relief through rehabilitation, another with laser and in more severe cases it is necessary to continue with joint replacement, concludes Petr Werner. Preventing synovial fluid from drying out is a gentle exercise – pilates or yoga .

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