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Havlíček: It will be coal with no core

You recently said that in addition to the construction of a new nuclear unit in Dukovany, the debate on the construction of the unit in Temelín should begin within five years

Yes, it is. The analysis of CEPS showed how we, like the Czech Republic, will be in surplus or lack of electricity after 2030. Not only in terms of how we stand as we continue to check out and strengthen renewable sources, but also with regard to wherever it will be possible to take electricity in the European Union. From 2030, the situation in Europe will become serious and almost critical after 2040.

This is due to decarbonisation, in particular the withdrawal of Germany from nuclear power and coal. Eastern Europe is in a situation where it will not only have no place to take, but it will not have sufficient production capacity.

If the core is to be compromised, we cannot guarantee the planned decarbonisation.

The only chance is to extend the life of the first four blocks of Dukovany, build a fifth block and continue to strengthen renewable resources. But even that is not enough if we are to have coal production by 2040 at a quarter of the current level. So we have to start talking seriously about Temelin in five years

When could a new block in Temelín be operational?

We talk about running between 2040 and 2050 because what we have to pair with other blocks in Dukovany. We will extend the life of the existing four units until 2045 to 2047. In the meantime, 205 to 2040 will launch a new fifth unit. But when the first four blocks arrive, we must restore them in the late 1


If the decision is to be made in Temelín, it must fall by 2023 or 2024, so that it will be operational by 2043.

So after a new block in Dukovany, do you want to restore even the existing ones, or at least part of it? Their longevity is technically possible and really essential.

Later we will be smarter, even in the case of small modular reactors to be commissioned for the first time in Idaho 2025-2026. , which has entered into a cooperation agreement with CEZ and considers us to be the most literate European country in the energy field it is negotiating with today.

They literally and to the point said that the US and the Czech Republic are priorities for them. I'm not saying clearly that it will be so, but small reactors can make sense.

Prime Minister Babiš recently said that we will build blocks even if we violate European law.

What the Prime Minister said was to some extent an exaggeration in the sense that the EU cannot determine our energy mix. For example, the EU sometimes provokes us by saying that the core can be seen as an unclean source, which is very wrong, of course because financial houses respond to it.

The European Union must not push us into the corner. to start acting like coal, when it comes to interest rates or lending, so it destroys the energy concept for not only ours but also other countries in Europe. It was a response that the EU will comment on the essence, but it must not push us to the corner.

How are the preparations for the Dukovany block?

Everything goes according to the plan EIA, we conclude with CEZ all contracts that will be prepared before the end of the year. We will discuss them with the Standing Committee on Construction of New Nuclear Power Plants in the Czech Republic in November, while we are already considering everything with the European Commission and neighboring countries, a significant hearing will be held in mid-November.

is becoming the center of energy in Europe. We are generally considered to be a strong energy country that can make demanding constructions. Finally one of the last big buildings was Temelin, we participated in Slovak Mochovce, we participate in Hungarian Paks. We clearly say that we will do Dukovany, now we say that we may still have Temelín. We have both delivery and technical capacity. Today we are in the role of one of the leaders of nuclear energy in the EU

Of course, virtually everyone we thought could be a supplier to us. We are completely impartial when someone wants to meet, we welcome him, we always listen to his opinion with the participation of several other individuals, whether it is absolutely impartial, and we say the same to everyone.

So the schedule is a fair offer and we will not beat anyone forward. It must be decided on the basis of economic, security and technical parameters and on the basis of references. However, this will only be done by CEZ under another government

How do you think energy prices will develop, will their retreat from coal affect them?

There will probably be no dramatic change next year. We look at what will happen in the medium to long term and in a pan-European context. The situation will begin to deteriorate, the first problems are expected after 2025.

We must strengthen renewable sources and accept that if we follow the decarbonisation and closure of power plants as a preliminary agreement, we will no longer be a net exporter. ] We will have an extreme amount of resources for a smart and at the same time green state.

Everything will depend on how well we do with new resources and the process of building additional nuclear resources. I immediately say that if the core is to be compromised, we cannot guarantee decarbonisation as planned today. It would be living suicide.

Being a mild importer after 2025 will not be a big deal. This will happen in the mid-1930s, as Germany will feel not only the decommissioning of the core, but also decarbonisation, and by 2038 they want to stop using coal. We are ready by 2050, but only if we succeed in launching new resources. But it is similar in Germany, so if they do not succeed with renewable sources and at the same time ensure security of supply, they cannot decolonize.

The topic today is also electromobility. Talk about lower operating costs. But can the rising electricity price not cancel this advantage?

Partly possible. With the lack of electricity, the price will fly up, the market will be more strained and tense. For electric vehicles, it depends on how the market develops. So far, we expect that by the end of 2030 there can be up to 250,000 of these cars in the Czech Republic and by the end of 2040 about 800,000. Today, about 5.5 million cars are driven on Czech roads, so it will still not be the dominant driving. Much also depends on how and where people will get electricity.

What do you mean?

It depends on whether we succeed in promoting our concept, which we will intensively support for the next ten years also within the national economic strategy. It is a concept of renewable energy, accumulation and chargers. At a family house, solar panels produce electricity, which will accumulate, and in the evening, you partially consume something while charging your car. This can be done on the roofs of many family homes as it is financially interesting. I am convinced that people will think first economically and then ecologically

In addition, we will have an extreme amount of resources from the European Union for a smart and at the same time green state. Of course, the money will not just be for houses. Photovoltaic panels can also be placed on prefabricated houses, industrial or agricultural areas. We will be able to use this money throughout the 1920s

How much will it be?

In my opinion, the money is too much. During the following period, the Czech Republic should receive approximately SEK 520 billion from European Structural Funds. Of this, 75 percent should go to green and smart solutions, ie. approximately SEK 400 billion.

We are already discussing this with the Ministry of Environment, Transport and Regional Development regarding chargers. Chargers, which should be around 25,000 by 2030, must be addressed both from the family's perspective and from contractors, municipalities, transport, road chargers.

Škoda Auto proposes measures to support electromobility, such as SEK 5 billion for the design of chargers or acceleration of depreciation for the purchase of electric vehicles …

We defend one thing, namely the direct support for electric vehicles. We can imagine that the pressure from the government and municipalities is partly compulsory, perhaps over time compulsory for cars of the public sphere.

However, we are completely against giving individuals or business-specific subsidies for the acquisition of these vehicles or more depreciation. Rather, we want to go into building infrastructure, that is the role of the state. Today we are gathering resources and it will surely be more than five billion to create 25,000 stations in the Czech Republic comfortably. for hydrogen. The pure electromobility advocated by the Volkswagen Group is one way, but we must not forget that here are Asian players represented by Toyota, which belongs to Volkswagen in the first world three. They, in turn, convince us to build the hydrogen infrastructure as a resource.

So how can you imagine gas stations in the future, when you have the choice of electricity and hydrogen instead of gasoline and diesel?

Yes, I even think it would be an interesting solution. We also like hydrogen. But it should be noted that the most important European manufacturer Volkswagen has clearly invested in a clean electromobility card, will invest tens of billions of euros in its support. you can read an interview with Karel Havlíček in Saturday's issue of LAW daily

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