You recently said that in addition to the construction of a new nuclear unit in Dukovany, the debate on the construction of the unit in Temelín should begin within five years
Yes, it is. The analysis of CEPS showed how we, like the Czech Republic, will be in surplus or lack of electricity after 2030. Not only in terms of how we stand as we continue to check out and strengthen renewable sources, but also with regard to wherever it will be possible to take electricity in the European Union. From 2030, the situation in Europe will become serious and almost critical after 2040.
This is due to decarbonisation, in particular the withdrawal of Germany from nuclear power and coal. Eastern Europe is in a situation where it will not only have no place to take, but it will not have sufficient production capacity.
If the core is to be compromised, we cannot guarantee the planned decarbonisation.
The only chance is to extend the life of the first four blocks of Dukovany, build a fifth block and continue to strengthen renewable resources. But even that is not enough if we are to have coal production by 2040 at a quarter of the current level. So we have to start talking seriously about Temelin in five years
When could a new block in Temelín be operational?
We talk about running between 2040 and 2050 because what we have to pair with other blocks in Dukovany. We will extend the life of the existing four units until 2045 to 2047. In the meantime, 205 to 2040 will launch a new fifth unit. But when the first four blocks arrive, we must restore them in the late 1
If the decision is to be made in Temelín, it must fall by 2023 or 2024, so that it will be operational by 2043.
So after a new block in Dukovany, do you want to restore even the existing ones, or at least part of it? Their longevity is technically possible and really essential.
Later we will be smarter, even in the case of small modular reactors to be commissioned for the first time in Idaho 2025-2026. , which has entered into a cooperation agreement with CEZ and considers us to be the most literate European country in the energy field it is negotiating with today.
They literally and to the point said that the US and the Czech Republic are priorities for them. I'm not saying clearly that it will be so, but small reactors can make sense.
Prime Minister Babiš recently said that we will build blocks even if we violate European law.
What the Prime Minister said was to some extent an exaggeration in the sense that the EU cannot determine our energy mix. For example, the EU sometimes provokes us by saying that the core can be seen as an unclean source, which is very wrong, of course because financial houses respond to it.
The European Union must not push us into the corner. to start acting like coal, when it comes to interest rates or lending, so it destroys the energy concept for not only ours but also other countries in Europe. It was a response that the EU will comment on the essence, but it must not push us to the corner.
How are the preparations for the Dukovany block?
Everything goes according to the plan EIA, we conclude with CEZ all contracts that will be prepared before the end of the year. We will discuss them with the Standing Committee on Construction of New Nuclear Power Plants in the Czech Republic in November, while we are already considering everything with the European Commission and neighboring countries, a significant hearing will be held in mid-November.
is becoming the center of energy in Europe. We are generally considered to be a strong energy country that can make demanding constructions. Finally one of the last big buildings was Temelin, we participated in Slovak Mochovce, we participate in Hungarian Paks. We clearly say that we will do Dukovany, now we say that we may still have Temelín. We have both delivery and technical capacity. Today we are in the role of one of the leaders of nuclear energy in the EU
Of course, virtually everyone we thought could be a supplier to us. We are completely impartial when someone wants to meet, we welcome him, we always listen to his opinion with the participation of several other individuals, whether it is absolutely impartial, and we say the same to everyone.
So the schedule is a fair offer and we will not beat anyone forward. It must be decided on the basis of economic, security and technical parameters and on the basis of references. However, this will only be done by CEZ under another government
How do you think energy prices will develop, will their retreat from coal affect them?
There will probably be no dramatic change next year. We look at what will happen in the medium to long term and in a pan-European context. The situation will begin to deteriorate, the first problems are expected after 2025.
We must strengthen renewable sources and accept that if we follow the decarbonisation and closure of power plants as a preliminary agreement, we will no longer be a net exporter. ] We will have an extreme amount of resources for a smart and at the same time green state.