Home / Science / Cygnus takes E. Coli, sixteenth and a cold atomic lab to the International Space Station

Cygnus takes E. Coli, sixteenth and a cold atomic lab to the International Space Station



Check out the "strange" scientific experiments that Orbital ATK's travel car will bring to ISS on May 21 launch.

Orbital ATK's Cygnus spacecraft is bound to the International Space Station (ISS) to deliver more than 3 tons of load to the crew of Expedition 55.

Known as the OA-9 redemption mission, as it is the company's ninth delivery of NASA, Cygnus liftoff has been relocated for Monday (21 May) after the weather has forced Orbital ATK to scrape the May 20 launch as it had originally planned.

Even with this 24-hour delay, the Cygnus mission is expected and promises to be extraordinarily interesting, judging its unusual character.

Resumption The vehicle has the task of transporting 7,385 pounds (3,350 kg) of scientific experiments, crew and vehicle hardware intended to board the ISS. The science experiments that will soon enter a orbit above an Orbital ATK Antares rocket are particularly exciting, especially since NASA has included some of the strange things among them, notes Space.com .

The media outlay lists the "strange" science that will make the journey to space, also detailed by NASA earlier this week, both in a press release and in the video below.

E. Coli Experiment ]

First, as Inquisitr previously reported, the Space Agency sends a selection of E. coli bacteria to ISS to test the antibiotic resistance to zero -g. The purpose of this experiment is to identify which bacterial genes make E. coli immune to antibiotics and to find ways to protect astronauts from contracting antibiotic resistant bacteria.

BEST Sequencing RNA of ISS Microbes

Also related to the study of bacteria, the biomolecular expression and sequencing technology (BEST) experiment extends up to ISS to investigate how microbes respond to zero gravity and whether space flow affects the path in which they mutate.

The project will test a new technique for sequencing the genome of microbes contained on the ISS using their DNA and RNA. This eliminates the need to grow the organisms first, explains main researcher Sarah Wallace.

"In this way we can identify microbes that can not be detected by traditional farming methods, and we do not increase the number of potential pathogens that may be present at the station."

Playing around with sects

Cygnus spacecraft comes to deliver the crew of Expedition 55 with old-fashioned sixths as part of a scientific experiment intended to find out if these instruments can be

The Sextant Navigation experiment aims at determining whether the century-old instrument can be used as a handheld navigation tools to help astronauts find themselves in space by looking at the angles between the moon, stars and plans.

Such a technique would be useful to astronauts who are Potentially left without communication or sufficient computational capacity, says Greg Holt, the project's main researcher.

"No need to reinvent the wheel when it comes to celestial navigation. We want a rugged mechanical backup with as few parts and as little power needed as possible to get you home safely."

Someone orders some ICE kubar?

Last year, the ISS IceCube released the mini satellite and sent it on its runway. This year, the space station takes on another type of ICE Cube. Officially dubbed ICE Cube Service, where the acronym stands for the International Commercial Experiment, this scientific project represents the first European commercial opportunity to conduct research on board the ISS.

This new experiment is based on a "unique laboratory" consisting of modular containers that are no bigger than a microwave oven nicely decorated in a laboratory shelf as part of a plug and play model, explains NASA.

Developed by the European Space Agency in collaboration with Space Application Services (SpaceAps), ICE Cubes will be installed in the Columbus Space Station and will contain another experiment ranging from "Pharmaceutical Development to Stem Cell, Radiation, and Microbiology Experiments, fluid science and more "reveals NASA.

According to Space.com one of the ICE cubes will be dedicated to an experiment investigating how methane can be produced in microgravity by using bacteria while another will keep different plant seeds to study how they sprout in different space conditions.

Hilde Stenuit, from SpaceAps, comments on the nature of the project and reveals that it would free up access to space for a large number of companies wanting to conduct scientific research aboard the ISS.

"The idea is to provide quick, direct and affordable access to space for research, technology and education for all organizations or customers."

CAL, Atomic Refrigerator It will turn the ISS into the coldest place in the universe

The glaze of the soon-delivered science cake is undoubtedly the NASA's Cold Laboratory (CAL), a physics research facility that acts as an atomic refrigerator and aims to study ultrasound atoms in microgravity.

The reason NASA sends this experiment to space is because the zero-g environment aboard the ISS will allow CAL to study these atoms for a longer time than it would do on Earth.

To investigate these atoms, CAL first creates a location within the plant that is 10 billion times colder than vacuum space, making the space station the coldest known place in the universe, Motherboard reports.

Then, the atomic refrigerator uses "lasers and magnetic forces to slow down atoms until they are almost non-tubular," said NASA's press release. The goal of this unprecedented experiment is to find answers to some of the most puzzling questions about quantum physics.


Source link