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Chandrayaan-2 will carry Nasa payload too, will calculate Earth-Moon distance India News



NEW DELHI: Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has for the first time revealed that Chandrayaan-2 lunarcraft, to be launched in July, will carry a NASA passive experimental instrument to the Moon. The US space agency will use this module to calculate the distance between the Earth and the Moon.
Besides the solitary foreign experimental module, Chandrayaan-2, involving an orbiter, lander 'Vikram' and rover 'Pragyan' will also carry 13 Indian payloads that will be used to conduct different scientific experiments and for taking images on the Moon, as reported by TOI earlier.
Giving details of the Nasa module to TOI, Isro chairman K Sivan said, "The laser reflector arrays from NASA will just be a passive experimental module onboard Chandrayaan-2. US scientists will use the measurements of the distance between the Earth and the Moon. The instrument, which has been attached to the lander, will be able to precisely mention the location of the land on the Moon's surface. "He told TOI that" last year ”. During the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference held at Texas, US, in March, Nasa had confirmed that Chandrayaan-2 and Israeli-lander Beresheet, which crashed on the Moon's surface on April 1
1 this year, would each carry Nasa-owned laser retroreflector arrays. However, Isro did not disclose about the Nasa instrument until now.
The 13 Indian payloads, which are provided by Indian institutes, are large area soft X-ray spectrometer (LASS) from Isro Satellite Center (ISAC) and solar X-ray monitor (XSM) from Ahmedabad-based Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), imaging IR spectrometer (IIRS) from Ahmedabad-based Space Applications Center (SAC), Ahmedabad, synthetic aperture radar in L and S band (SAR) from SAC, neutral mass spectrometer (CHACE-2) from Thiruvananthapuram center , terrain mapping camera-2 (TMC-2) from SAC, Vikram lands sensor complement, radio anatomy of Moon bound hypersensitive ionosphere and atmosphere (RAMBHA), Chandra's surface thermo-physical experiment (ChaSTE), instrument of lunar seismic activity (ILSA), laser reflector array (LRA), rover sensor complement (APXS, LIBS) and laser induced breakdown spectroscope (LIBS).
Chandrayaan-2 craft weighing 3.8 tonnes is scheduled to be launched between July 9 and July 16 and is expected to land on the Moon on September 6. Last time, Chandrayaan-1 mission, launched in 2008, carries five foreign payloads ( three from Europe and two from the US. Once Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft reaches the lunar orbit, Vikram will separate from the orbiter and soft-land at a predefined site close to the Moon's south pole, which has been explored by other countries.
Talking to TOI earlier, Isro chairman K Sivan said, "Once Vikram landed on the lunar surface on September 6, robber Prayan will come out of it and roll out on the lunar surface for 300-400 meters. The rover will analyze the content of the lunar surface and send data and images back to the Earth through the orbiter within 15 minutes, said.

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