Home / Science / Astronomers find Wolfe Disk, a galaxy that should not exist, in the distant universe

Astronomers find Wolfe Disk, a galaxy that should not exist, in the distant universe



This is an artist’s impression of Wolfe Disk, a massive rotating disc galaxy in the early universe.

A light yellow “twist” near the center of this image shows where a planet can be formed around the AB Aurigae star. The image was captured by the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope.

This artist illustration shows paths from two stars and an invisible black hole 1

000 light-years from Earth. This system includes a star (small path seen in blue) orbiting a newly discovered black hole (path in red), as well as a third star in a wider orbit (also in blue).

This illustration shows a star core, known as a white dwarf, being drawn into orbit around a black hole. During each orbit, the black hole rips off more material from the star and pulls it into a glowing disk of material around the black hole. Before its meeting with the Black Hole, the star was a red giant in the final stages of stellar evolution.

This artist’s illustration shows the collision of two 125-mile-wide icy, dusty bodies orbiting the bright star Fomalhaut, which is 25 light years away. The observation of the aftermath of this collision was once considered to be an exoplanet.

This is an artist’s impression of the interstellar comet 2I / Borisov as it travels through our solar system. New observations discovered carbon monoxide in the comet’s tail as the sun warmed the comet.

This bow pattern is the trajectory of a star, called the S2, around the super-massive black hole in the center of our Milky Way.

This is an artist’s illustration of SN2016aps, which astronomers believe is the brightest supernova ever observed.

This is an artist’s illustration of a brown dwarf, or a “failed star” object and its magnetic field. The brown dwarf’s atmosphere and magnetic field rotate at different speeds, allowing astronomers to determine the wind speed of the object.

This artist’s illustrations show a black hole with a middle mass torn into a star.

This is an artist’s impression of a big star called HD74423 and its much smaller red dwarf buddy in a binary star system. The big star only seems to be pulsed on one side, and it is distorted by the star weight of its companion in a tear form.

This is an artist’s impression of two white dwarfs in the merging process. While astronomers expected this to cause a supernova, they found an example of two white dwarf stars that survived the merger.

A combination of space- and ground-based telescopes has found evidence of the largest explosion seen in the universe. The explosion was created by a black hole located in the central galaxy of the Ophiuchus cluster, which has blasted out rays and cut a large cavity in the surrounding hot gas.

The red supergiant star Betelgeuse, in the constellation Orion, has undergone an unusual haze. This image was taken in January using the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope.

This new ALMA image shows the result of a fantastic fight: a complex and amazing gas environment that surrounds the binary star system HD101584.

NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope captured the Tarantula Nebula in two wavelengths of infrared light. The red represents hot gas, while the blue regions are interstellar dust.

A white dwarf, left, pulls away material from a brown dwarf, to the right, about 3000 light years from Earth.

This image shows the trajectories of the six G objects in the center of our galaxy, with the super-massive black hole indicated by a white cross. Stars, gas and dust are in the background.

After stars die, they expel their particles into space, which in turn forms new stars. In one case, Stardust was embedded in a meteorite that fell to the earth. This illustration shows that stardust can flow from sources such as the egg bulb to create the grains recovered from the meteorite that landed in Australia.

The former North Star, Alpha Draconis or Thuban, is circled here in a picture of the northern sky.

Galaxy UGC 2885, nicknamed the “Godzilla Galaxy”, may be the largest in the local universe.

The host galaxy in a newly tracked repetitive rapid radio shortage acquired with the 8-meter Gemini-North telescope.

The winter region’s central region was imaged using the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope.

This is an artist’s illustration of what MAMBO-9 would look like in visible light. The galaxy is very dusty and it has not yet built most of its stars. The two components show that the galaxy is merging.

Astronomers have found a white dwarf star surrounded by a gas disk created from an ice giant planet torn apart by its gravity.

New measurements of the black hole in the center of the Holm 15A galaxy reveal that it is 40 billion times more massive than our sun, making it the heaviest known black hole that can be measured directly.

To the left you can see a close-up of an interstellar comet passing through our solar system. On the right, astronomers used an image of the earth for comparison.

The galaxy NGC 6240 hosts three super-massive black holes in its core.

Gamma-ray bursts are shown in this artist’s illustration. They can be triggered by collision or neutron stars or the explosion of a super-massive star, collapsing into a black hole.

Two gaseous clouds similar to peacocks have been found in the neighboring dwarf galaxy the large magellanic cloud. In these images of the ALMA telescopes, red and green indicate molecular gas while blue shows ionized hydrogen gas.

An artist’s impression of the Milky Way’s large black hole that casts a star from the center of the galaxy.

Jack-o’-lantern Nebula is on the edge of the Milky Way. Radiation from the massive star in the middle created frightening gaps in the nebula that make it look like a carved pumpkin.

This new NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope image captures two galaxies of equal size in a collision that looks like a ghostly face. This observation was made on June 19, 2019 in the visible light of the telescope’s Advanced Camera for Surveys.

A new SPHERE / VLT image of Hygiea, which may be the smallest dwarf planet in the solar system yet. As an object in the main asteroid belt, Hygiea immediately meets three of the four requirements to be classified as a dwarf planet: it orbits the sun, it is not a moon, and unlike a planet, it has not cleared the neighborhood around its orbit. The final requirement is that it has enough mass that its own weight pulls it into a rough spherical shape. This is what VLT observations have revealed about Hygiene.

This is an artist’s rendition of what a massive galaxy from the early universe might look like. The representation shows that the star formation in the galaxy ignites the surrounding gas. Image by James Josephides / Swinburne Astronomy Productions, Christina Williams / University of Arizona and Ivo Labbe / Swinburne.

This is an artist’s illustration of gas and dust disk around the star HD 163296. Slots on the counter are probably the place for baby planets formed.

This is a two-color composite image of comet 2I / Borisov captured by the Gemini North telescope on September 10.

This illustration shows a young, forming planet in a “baby-proof” star system.

Using a simulation, astronomers shed light on the faint gaseous filaments that make up the cosmic orbit in a massive galaxy cluster.

The Hubble Space Telescope’s Wide Field Camera observed Saturn in June as the planet made its closest approach to Earth this year, about 1.36 billion kilometers away.

An artist’s impression of the huge bursts of ionizing radiation that exploded from the center of the Milky Way and affect the Magellan Current.

The Atacama Large Millimeter / Sub Millimeter Array captured this outstanding image of two circumstellar discs, where baby stars grow and feed material from their surrounding birth disk.

This is an artist’s illustration of what a Neptune-sized moon would look like orbiting the gas giant planet Kepler-1625b in a star system 8,000 light-years from Earth. It may be the first exomoon ever discovered.

This infrared image from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope shows a cloud of gas and dust full of bubbles, inflated by wind and radiation from massive young stars. Each bubble is filled with hundreds to thousands of stars, formed from dense clouds of gas and dust.

This is an artist’s impression of the trajectory of the rapid radio shortage FRB 181112 traveling from a distant host galaxy to reach the earth. It passed through a galaxy halo on its way.

Having gone too close to a super-massive black hole, the star of this artist’s view is torn into a thin stream of gas, which is then drawn back around the black hole and melts into itself, creating a light shock and emitting more hot material.

Comparison of GJ 3512 with the solar system and other nearby planting systems with red dwarfs. Planets around a solar mass star can grow until they begin to take on gas and become giant planets like Jupiter in a few million years. But we thought that small stars like Proxima, TRAPPIST-1, the star of the Teegarder and GJ 3512, could not form Jupiter mass planets.

A collision of three galaxies has put three super-massive black holes on orbit with one another in a system a billion light years from Earth.

2I / Borisov is the first interstellar comet observed in our solar system and only the second observed interstellar visitor to our solar system.

KIC 8462852, also known as Boyajian’s Star or Tabby’s Star, is 1,000 light years away from us. It is 50% larger than our sun and 1000 degrees warmer. And it does not behave like any other star, dims and glows sporadically. Dust around the star, depicted here in an artist’s illustration, may be the most likely cause of its strange behavior.

This is an artist’s impression that the pulse of a massive neutron star is delayed by the passage of a white dwarf star between the neutron star and the earth. Astronomers have found the most massive neutron star to date due to this delay.

The European Southern Observatory’s VISTA telescope captured a stunning image of the Large Magellanic Cloud, one of our closest galactic neighbors. The near infrared capability of the telescope shows millions of individual stars.

Astronomers believe that Comet C / 2019 Q4 may be the second known interstellar visitor in our solar system. It was first discovered on August 30 and imaged by the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope on Hawaii’s Big Island on September 10, 2019.

A star known as S0-2, represented as the blue and green object in this artist’s illustration, made its closest approach to the supermassive black hole in the middle of Milky Way 2018. This provided a test for Einstein’s theory of general relativity.

This is a radio image of the Milky Way galactic center. The radio bubbles detected by MeerKAT extend vertically above and below the galaxy’s plane.

A kilanova was captured by the Hubble Space Telescope in 2016, seen here next to the red arrow. Kilanovae are massive explosions that create heavy elements such as gold and platinum.

This is an artist’s depiction of a black hole on the way to swallow a neutron star. Detectors signaled this possible incident on August 14.

This artist’s illustration shows LHS 3844b, a rocky nearby exoplanet. It is 1.3 times the mass of the earth and orbits around a cool M-dwarf star. The planet’s surface is probably dark and covered with chilled volcanic material, and there is no detectable atmosphere.

An artist’s concept of the explosion of a massive star in a dense star environment.

The Galaxy NGC 5866 is 44 million light years from Earth. It seems flat because we can only see its edge in this image captured by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope.

The Hubble Space Telescope took a dazzling new portrait of Jupiter and displayed its vibrant colors and swirling cloud features in the atmosphere.

This is an artist’s impression of the ancient massive and distant galaxies observed with ALMA.

Glowing gas clouds and newborn stars form the Seagull Nebula in one of the Milky Way’s spiral arms.

An artist’s concept of what the first stars looked like shortly after the Big Bang.

The spiral galaxy NGC 2985 is located about 70 million light years from our solar system in the constellation Ursa Major.

Early in the history of the universe, the Milky Way collided with a dwarf galaxy, left, which helped to form our galaxy’s ring and structure as it is known today.

An artist illustration of a thin disk embedded in a super-massive black hole in the center of the spiral galaxy NGC 3147, 130 million light years away.

Hubble captured this view of a spiral galaxy named NGC 972 that appears to be flourishing with new star formation. The orange glow is created when hydrogen reacts to the intense light that flows outward from nearby newborn stars.

This is the jellyfish JO201.

The Eta Carinae star system, located 7,500 light-years from Earth, experienced a major explosion in 1838 and the Hubble Space Telescope still captures the aftermath. This new ultraviolet image reveals the warm glowing gas clouds that resemble fireworks.

‘Oumuamua, the first observed interstellar visitor in our solar system, is shown in an artist’s illustration.

This is an artist’s reproduction of ancient supernovae that bombarded the earth with cosmic energy millions of years ago.

An artist’s impression of CSIRO’s Australian SKA Pathfinder radio telescope that finds a rapid radio shortage and determines its exact location.

The Whirlpool Galaxy has been captured in different light wavelengths. To the left is a visible light image. The next image combines visible and infrared light, while the two to the right show different wavelengths for infrared light.

Electrically charged C60 molecules, in which 60 carbon atoms are arranged in a hollow sphere similar to a football, were found by Hubble Space Telescope in the interstellar medium between star systems.

These are enlarged galaxies behind large galaxy clusters. The pink glosses reveal the gas surrounding the distant galaxies and its structure. The gravitational lensing effect of the cluster multiplies the galaxy’s images.

This artist’s illustration shows a blue tassel in the center of a galaxy.

The NICER detector at the International Space Station recorded 22 months of X-ray data for the night to create this map of the entire sky.

NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope captured this mosaic from the star-forming Cepheus C and Cepheus B regions.

Galaxy NGC 4485 collided with its larger galactic neighbor NGC 4490 millions of years ago, leading to the creation of new stars seen on the right side of the image.

Astronomers developed a mosaic of the distant universe, called the Hubble Legacy Field, which documents 16 years of observations from the Hubble Space Telescope. The image contains 200,000 galaxies that span 13.3 billion years to just 500 million years after the Big Bang.

A ground-based telescope’s view of the large magellanic cloud, a nearby galaxy in our Milky Way. The insert was taken by the Hubble Space Telescope and shows one of the star clusters in the galaxy.

One of the brightest planet nebulae in the sky and first discovered in 1878, nebulon NGC 7027 can be seen against the constellation Swan.

Asteroid 6478 Gault is seen with the NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope and shows two narrow, comet-like tails that tell that the asteroid is slowly undergoing self-destruction. The bright streaks surrounding the asteroid are background stars. The Gault asteroid is located 214 million miles from the Sun, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

The ghostly shell in this image is a supernova, and the glowing groove that leads away from it is a pulse.

Hidden in one of the darkest corners of the Orion constellation, this cosmic bat spreads its hazy wings through the interstellar space of two thousand light years away. It is illuminated by the young stars embedded in their core – despite being enveloped by opaque clouds of dust, their bright rays still illuminate the nebula.

In this illustration, several ponds ring around the sun. These rings are formed when the gravitational forces of the planets pull dust grains in orbit around the sun. Recently, scientists have discovered a dam ring at Mercury’s orbit. Others assume that the source of Venus’ dimming ring is a group of never-before-discovered co-orbital asteroids.

This is an artist’s impression of ball stars around the Milky Way.

An artist’s impression of life on a planet in orbit around a binary star system, visible as two suns in the sky.

An artist illustration of one of the most remote solar system objects yet observed, 2018 VG18 – also known as “Farout.” The pink hue suggests the presence of ice. We have no idea yet what “FarFarOut” looks like.

This is an artist’s concept of the small moon Hippocamp discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. Just 20 miles across, it may actually be an interrupted fragment from a much larger adjacent moon, Proteus, seen as a crescent in the background.

In this illustration, an asteroid (bottom left) breaks down under the powerful gravity of LSPM J0207 + 3331, the oldest, coldest white dwarf known to be surrounded by a ring of dusty debris. Scientists believe that the system’s infrared signal is best explained by two distinct rings consisting of dust supplied by crumbling asteroids.

An artist’s impression of the oblique and twisted milk road plate. This happens when the rotational forces in the large center of the galaxy are towing on the outer disk.

This 1.3 kilometer (0.8 mile) radius Kuiper Belt Object discovered by scientists on the edge of the solar system is believed to be the step between balls of dust and ice and fully formed planets.

A selfie taken by NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover on Vera Rubin Ridge before moving to a new location.

The Hubble Space Telescope found a dwarf galaxy that hid behind a large cluster of stars found in our cosmic neighborhood. It is so old and untouched that scientists have called it a “living fossil” from the early universe.

How were massive black holes formed in the early universe? The rotating gaseous disc in this dark matter halo breaks down into three clumps that collapse under their own weight and form super-massive stars. These stars will quickly collapse and form massive black holes.

NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope captured this image of the large Magellanic cloud, a satellite galaxy for our own Milky Way galaxy. Astrophysicists now believe it can collide with our galaxy for two billion years.

A mysterious bright object in the sky, called “Ko”, was captured in real time by telescopes around the world. Astronomers believe it could be the birth of a black hole or neutron star or a new class of objects.

An illustration shows the discovery of a repetitive rapid radio shortage from a mysterious source 3 billion light years from Earth.

Comet 46P / Wirtanen will pass within 7 million miles of Earth on December 16. It’s a spooky green coma the size of Jupiter, though the comet itself is about three-quarters of a mile in diameter.

This mosaic image of the asteroid Bennu consists of 12 PolyCam images collected on December 2 by OSIRIS-REx spacecraft from a range of 15 miles.

This image of a ball of stars from the Hubble Space Telescope is one of the most ancient stars known. The cluster, called NGC 6752, is more than 10 billion years old.

An image of Apep captured with the VISIR camera on the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope. This “pinwheel” star system is probably doomed to end in a gamma radiation of long duration.

An artist’s impression of the galaxy Abell 2597 showing the super-massive black hole exhibiting cold molecular gas as the pump from a giant intergalactic fountain.

An image of the Wild Duck Cluster, where each star is about 250 million years old.

These images reveal the final stage of an association between pairs of galactic nuclei in the moving nuclei of colliding galaxies.

A radio image of hydrogen in the Small Magellanic Cloud. Astronomers believe that the dwarf galaxy is slowly dying and will eventually be consumed by the Milky Way.

Further evidence of a super-massive black hole in the center of the Milky Way has been found. This visualization uses data from simulations of gas orbital motions of gas that swirl about 30% of the speed of light on a circular path around the black hole.

Does it look like a bat to you? This gigantic shadow comes from a bright star reflecting on the dusty disk that surrounds it.

Hi, Benny! NASA’s OSIRIS-REx mission, on its way to face primitive asteroid Bennu, is sending back images as it gets closer to its December 3 target.

These three panels reveal a supernova before, during and after it happened 920 million light years from Earth (from left to right). Supernova, called iPTF14gqr, is unusual because, although the star was massive, its explosion was rapid and weak. Scientists believe this is due to a companion who has stripped away its mass.

An artist’s illustration of Planet X, which could shape the trajectories into less extreme distant outer solar system objects such as the 2015 TG387.

This is an artist’s concept of what SIMP J01365663 + 0933473 can look like. It has 12.7 times the mass of Jupiter but a magnetic field 200 times more powerful than Jupiter. This object is 20 light years from Earth. It is on the border between being a planet or being a brown dwarf.

The Andromeda Galaxy cannibalized and shredded the once-large M32p galaxy, leaving this compact galaxy remnant called the M32. It is quite unique and contains a lot of young stars.

Twelve new moons have been found around Jupiter. This graphic shows different groupings of the moons and their orbits, with the newly discovered ones shown in bold style.

Scientists and observatories around the world could track a high-energy neutrino into a galaxy with a super-massive, fast-spinning black hole in the center, known as a blazar. The galaxy sits to the left of Orion’s axis in its constellation and is located about 4 billion light years from Earth.

Planets not only appear in the air – but they require gas, dust and other processes that astronomers do not fully understand. This is an artist’s impression of what “infant” planets look like formed around a young star.

These negative images from the 2015 BZ509, which are circled in yellow, show the first known interstellar object that has become a permanent part of our solar system. The exo-asteroid was probably drawn into our solar system from another star system 4.5 billion years ago. It then settled into a retrograde orbit around Jupiter.

A careful look at the diamond matrix in a meteorite that landed in Sudan in 2008. This is considered to be the first evidence of a proto-planet that helped form the terrestrial planets in our solar system.

2004 EW95 is the first carbon-rich asteroid confirmed to exist in the Kuiper Belt and a relic from the original solar system. This curious object probably formed in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter before being thrown billions of miles to its present home in the Kuiper Belt.

NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope celebrates 28th anniversary in space with this amazing and colorful image of Lagoon Nebula 4000 light years from Earth. While the entire nebula is 55 light years, this image reveals only part of about four light years.

This is a more star-filled view of the lagoon’s nebula, with Hubble’s infrared capabilities. The reason you can see more stars is because infrared can cut through dust and gas clouds to reveal the abundance of both young stars in the nebula, as well as more distant stars in the background.

The rosette nebula is 5,000 light-years from Earth. The distinct nebula, which some claim looks more like a skull, has a hole in the middle that creates an illusion of its rose-like shape.

This inner slope of a Martian crater has several of the seasonal dark streaks called “recurrent slope lineae,” or RSL, which a November 2017 report interprets as granular flows, rather than darker due to running water. The image is from the HiRISE camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

This artist’s impression shows a supernova explosion, which contains 100 million solar brightness. The supernova iPTF14hls, which have exploded several times, may be the most massive and durable ever observed.

This illustration shows hydrocarbon compounds that divide carbon and hydrogen into ice giants, such as Neptune, which transforms into a “diamond (rain) shower.”

This striking image is the star nursery of Orion Nebula, where stars are born. The red filaments are a stretch of ammonia molecules that measure 50 light years. The blue represents the gas from Orion Nebula. This image is a composite of observations from the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope and NASA’s wide field Infrared Survey Explore telescope. “We still don’t understand in detail how large gas clouds in our galaxy collapse to form new stars,” said Rachel Friesen, one of the partners’ founding partners. “But ammonia is an excellent tracer of dense, star-forming gas.”

So the Earth and its moon look like Mars. The image is a composition of the best Earth image and the best moon image taken on November 20, 2016 by NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbiter’s camera captures images in three wavelength bands: infrared, red and blue-green. March was about 127 million miles from Earth when the photos were taken.

PGC 1000714 was originally considered an ordinary elliptical galaxy, but a closer analysis revealed the incredibly rare discovery of a Hoag-type galaxy. It has a round core surrounded by two free-standing rings.

NASA’s Cassini spacecraft captured these images of the planet’s mysterious hexagon-shaped jet stream in December 2016. Hexagon was discovered in images taken by the Voyager spacecraft in the early 1980s. It is estimated to have a diameter wider than two soils.

A dead star emits a greenish glow in this Hubble Space Telescope image of Crab Nebula, located approximately 6,500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Taurus. NASA released the image for Halloween 2016 and featured the theme in its press release. The agency said that the “ghoulish-looking object still has a pulse.” In the center of the Crab Nebula is the crushed core, or “heart” of an exploded star. The heart spins 30 times per second, producing a magnetic field that generates 1 trillion volts, NASA said.

By looking through the thick clouds of dust from the galactic bay, an international team of astronomers revealed the unusual mixture of stars in the stellar cluster, known as Terzan 5. The new results indicate that Terzan 5 is one of the belly’s primary building blocks, probably the relic above the very early days on the Milky Way.

An artist’s view of Planet Nine, which would be the longest planet in our solar system. The similar cluster paths of extreme objects on the edge of our solar system indicate that a huge planet is there.

An illustration of the paths to the new and previously known extremely remote solar system objects. The cluster on most of their orbits indicates that they are likely to be affected by something massive and very distant, the proposed Planet X.

Say hello to the dark galaxy Dragonfly 44. Like our Milky Way, it has a halo of spherical clusters of stars around its core.

A classic nova occurs when a white dwarf star receives matter from its secondary star (a red dwarf) for a period of time, causing a thermonuclear reaction to the surface that eventually arises in a single visible eruption. This creates a 10,000-fold increase in brightness, which is shown here in an artist’s rendering.

Gravitational lensing and space rotation can be seen in this image of near and far galaxies captured by Hubble.

In the middle of our galaxy, Milky Way, scientists discovered an X-shaped structure within a densely packed group of stars.

Meet UGC 1382: What astronomers thought was a normal elliptical galaxy (left) actually turned out to be a massive disc galaxy made up of different parts when viewed with ultraviolet and deep optical data (middle and right). In a complete reversal of normal galaxy structure, the center is younger than its outer spiral disk.

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope captured this image of Crab Nebula and its “beating heart,” which is a neutron star to the right of the two bright stars in the center of this image. The neutron star pulses 30 times per second. The colors of the rainbow are visible due to the movement of material in the nebula which occurs during the time of the image.

The Hubble Space Telescope took a picture of a hidden galaxy weaker than Andromeda or the Milky Way. This low-light galaxy, called UGC 477, is over 110 million light-years away in the constellation Fiskarna.

On April 19, NASA released new images of light craters on Ceres. This photo shows the Haulani crater, which has evidence of landslides from its edge. Scientists believe that some craters on the dwarf planet are bright because they are relatively new.

This illustration shows the millions of dust grains sampled by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft near Saturn. A few dozen of them seem to have gone beyond our solar system.

This image from the VLT Survey Telescope at ESO’s Paranal Observatory in Chile shows a fantastic concentration of galaxies known as the Fornax Cluster, located in the southern hemisphere. In the middle of this cluster, in the middle of the three light bulbs on the left side of the image, is a cd galaxy – a galactic cannibal that has grown in size by consuming smaller galaxies.

This image shows the central region of Tarantula Nebula in the large Magellanic cloud. The young and dense star cluster R136, which contains hundreds of massive stars, can be seen at the bottom right of the image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.

In March 2016, astronomers published a paper on powerful red flashes coming from the binary system V404 Cygni 2015. This illustration shows a black hole, similar to the one in V404 Cygni, which eats material from an orbiting star.

This image shows the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889, deeply embedded in the Coma galaxy cluster. Det finns ett gigantiskt supermassivt svart hål i mitten av galaxen.

En konstnärsintryck av 2MASS J2126, som tar 900 000 år för att kretsa runt sin stjärna, 1 biljon kilometer bort.

Caltech-forskare har funnit bevis på att en jätteplanet spårar en bisar, mycket långsträckt bana i det yttre solsystemet. Objektet, smeknamnet Planet Nine, har en massa som är cirka 10 gånger jorden och går i omlopp cirka 20 gånger längre från solen i genomsnitt än Neptunus.

En konstnärs intryck av hur ett svart hål kan se ut. In February, researchers in China said they had spotted a super-massive black hole 12 billion times the size of the sun.

Are there are oceans on any of Jupiter’s moons? The Juice probe shown in this artist’s impression aims to find out. Picture courtesy of ESA/AOES

Astronomers have discovered powerful auroras on a brown dwarf that is 20 light-years away. This is an artist’s concept of the phenomenon.

Venus, bottom, and Jupiter shine brightly above Matthews, North Carolina, on Monday, June 29. The apparent close encounter, called a conjunction, has been giving a dazzling display in the summer sky. Although the two planets appear to be close together, in reality they are millions of miles apart.

Jupiter’s icy moon Europa may be the best place in the solar system to look for extraterrestrial life, according to NASA. The moon is about the size of Earth’s moon, and there is evidence it has an ocean beneath its frozen crust that may hold twice as much water as Earth. NASA’s 2016 budget includes a request for $30 million to plan a mission to investigate Europa. The image above was taken by the Galileo spacecraft on November 25, 1999. It’s a 12-frame mosaic and is considered the the best image yet of the side of Europa that faces Jupiter.

This nebula, or cloud of gas and dust, is called RCW 34 or Gum 19. The brightest areas you can see are where the gas is being heated by young stars. Eventually the gas burst outward like champagne after a bottle is uncorked. Scientists call this champagne flow. This new image of the nebula was captured by the European Space Organization’s Very Large Telescope in Chile. RCW 34 is in the constellation Vela in the southern sky. The name means “sails of a ship” in Latin.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured images of Jupiter’s three great moons — Io, Callisto, and Europa — passing by at once.

Using powerful optics, astronomers have found a planet-like body, J1407b, with rings 200 times the size of Saturn’s. This is an artist’s depiction of the rings of planet J1407b, which are eclipsing a star.

A patch of stars appears to be missing in this image from the La Silla Observatory in Chile. But the stars are actually still there behind a cloud of gas and dust called Lynds Dark Nebula 483. The cloud is about 700 light years from Earth in the constellation Serpens (The Serpent).

This is the largest Hubble Space Telescope image ever assembled. It’s a portion of the galaxy next door, Andromeda (M31).

NASA has captured a stunning new image of the so-called “Pillars of Creation,” one of the space agency’s most iconic discoveries. The giant columns of cold gas, in a small region of the Eagle Nebula, were popularized by a similar image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1995.

Astronomers using the Hubble Space pieced together this picture that shows a small section of space in the southern-hemisphere constellation Fornax. Within this deep-space image are 10,000 galaxies, going back in time as far as a few hundred million years after the Big Bang.

Planetary nebula Abell 33 appears ring-like in this image, taken using the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope. The blue bubble was created when an aging star shed its outer layers and a star in the foreground happened to align with it to create a “diamond engagement ring” effect.

This Hubble image looks a floating marble or a maybe a giant, disembodied eye. But it’s actually a nebula with a giant star at its center. Scientists think the star used to be 20 times more massive than our sun, but it’s dying and is destined to go supernova.

Composite image of B14-65666 showing the distributions of dust (red), oxygen (green), and carbon (blue), observed by ALMA and stars (white) observed by the Hubble Space Telescope.

Artist’s impression of the merging galaxies B14-65666 located 13 billion light years-away.


Source link