With a suitcase full of syringes and a cool box with vaccines, the nurse Mayernin Domínguez and the dentist Maritza Vallejo begin their journey. They knock on all the doors in the houses in the southern district La Libertad to check whether children under 8 have all doses.
"Allow me the vaccination card for the boys", is the first order that the nurse Mayernin gives to the residents of the sector. Carefully check it and write down the doses you should place the children.
Last Wednesday, for example, vaccination came home to Evelyn Sánchez mother of two 7-year-old girls. They had the vaccines corresponding to their age, including that of measles rubella and mumps .
Birth Up to 1
The difference is that the woman requires the HPV vaccine – against the papillomavirus – at 9. In total, $ 35 million has been awarded annually from 2016 to 2019, between vaccines and supplies in the country.
If a child does not have the doses, Mayernin places them and explains the parents that the importance of immunization is to avoid diseases.
Product of vaccination comprising pathologies, eradication of [polio] native measles and rubella and diphtheria in Ecuador. In addition, cases of [pneumonia] meningitis and [diarrhea] mortality have decreased.
The Ecuadorian system is one of the largest in the region. Start with two vaccines within the first 24 hours of birth. They serve to prevent hepatitis B and tuberculosis. It is also offered flu, for pregnant women and the elderly, who are exposed to this disease.
The need to keep the world free of diseases made the World Health Organization (WHO) declare the last days of April as the vaccination week in America.
The idea is to motivate the population to to be vaccinated in time as a way to prevent diseases that lead followers or cause deaths.
In Ecuador, "sweeps" or door-to-door campaigns are executed to ensure that the immunization schedule is clear.
The result of this and other measures is that population less than one year reaches 85.2%. The remainder (14.78%) is expected to be immunized, according to Health.
Lucía Vizcarra went to Health Center No. 1, in Rocafuerte, in Quito with his son Matías. He lacked the second dose of measles, hip and rubella (SPR). It is located during the first two years of life; if it goes beyond this age, it can still be vaccinated in the public system.
After a review of Matias brief, the nurse decided that he also did not have the pneumococcal vaccine that prevents diseases such as pneumonia and meningitis.
At this state of health also came Isabel Delgado Mum to Michael, 4. He also did not have full doses. It also lacked SPR.
What happens to these children? Washington Rueda, responsible for the district public health monitoring, points out that there is "tolerance" for children who do not have the complete system.
pro -explains-missing vaccines such as measles or diphtheria. They do not carry everyone. The pneumococcus only applies to newborns, for example. If she does not wear it, you should seek other options in private health centers.
Dr. María Cristina Cosíos is General Manager of Vacunorte . She points out that vaccination has the same meaning as water purification, as it prevents fatal diseases .
She warns of movements against the immunization . WHO confirms and places them among the 10 health threats, in 2019.
In the United States, a resurgence of measles emerged this year against groups of vaccines. These prevent from two to three million deaths per year and 1.5 million extra can be avoided. This 2019 will here try to eliminate cervical cancer and yellow fever.