FIL – This picture of December 10, 2018 shows the bust of the Nobel Prize founder, Alfred Nobel, during the awards ceremony in Stockholm.
The Nobel Prize in Medicine 2019 was awarded to scientists William G. Kaelin on Monday. Jr., Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their findings on "how cells feel and adapt to oxygen availability," the Nobel Committee said.
The winner's results "are of fundamental importance to medicine and have paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases," said the Karolinska Institute.
The experts – Kaelin and Semenza are American, while Ratcliff is British – will share the same prize of $ 9 million ($ 918,000). It is the 110th award awarded in that category since 1901.
Kaelin works at Harvard, Semenza at Johns Hopkins University and Racliffe at the Francis Crick Institute in the United Kingdom.
His work has "significantly expanded our knowledge of how the physiological response makes life possible," the committee said.
Researchers found the "molecular switch for how to adapt" when oxygen levels vary in a body, the department explained, noting that The primary work of the cells is to convert oxygen into food, and that cells and tissues undergo continual changes in the supply of oxygen.
The news started the Nobel Week, the physics award announced on Tuesday, followed by the chemistry award on Wednesday. for literature – one for 2018 and another for 2019 – which will be announced on Thursday, while the Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Friday.
The Economics Prize will be announced on October 14.
The Nobel Prize for Literature 2018 was canceled due to a scandal The Swedish Academy, the agency plans to deliver it this year, as well as the one corresponding to 2019.